Grigor Aknerts'i's

History of the Nation of Archers

Translated from Classical Armenian
by Robert Bedrosian

This translation is in the public domain. It may be copied and distributed freely.

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in English:

from Armenia a Historical Atlas (Chicago, 2001) by Robert H. Hewsen:

The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375, Western portion.
The Kingdom of Cillician Armenia, Eastern portion.

The maps above, which are not in the public domain, are presented solely for non-commercial educational/research purposes.

in Russian:

Armenia and Neighboring Countries at the Beginning of the 13th Century
Western Armenia and Cilicia at the Beginning of the 13th Century. S. T. Eremyan, cartographer.

in Armenian:

Cilician Armenian State (1080-1375).
Cilician Armenian State, the Western Lands. B. H. Harut'yunyan, cartographer

The sources for these maps, and additional maps are available on our Maps Page.

Translator's Preface

Chapter 1.

Concerning the Nation of Archers, where they came from and from what line they arose, and how they came to rule over many lands and districts.
Chapter 2.
Regarding their life-style, religion, laws and ruler.
Chapter 3.
The first war of the T'at'ars with the Iranians, then the Aghuans and Georgians. The [Mongols'] resistance and long lifespan. The subjugation of the Armenians and Georgians.
Chapter 4.
A comet; the renewed attack of the T'at'ars followed by an end to the destruction of the conquered lands and their division among the chiefs.
Chapter 5.
Taxation of the princes of the Georgians and Aghuans; and about Vanakan, vardapet of the Amenians.

Chapter 6.

The wars and destructions of Baiju noyin in the city of Karin and in Rum.
Chapter 7.
The council of the pious king of the Armenians, Het'um, and his payment of taxes to the T'at'ars.
Chapter 8.
The return from prison and the reign of the Georgian king's son, Dawit', by the order of the Great Khan, through the efforts of Varham.
Chapter 9.
The death of Chormaghun. Lord Kostandin, kat'oghikos of the Armenians. Paron Kostandin, former king of the Armenians and Het'um's father. Dawit', king of the Georgians, is betrayed by his own princes. Vanakan vardapet dies.
Chapter 10.
Locusts; the census in the east; Het'um, king of the Armenians, goes to Mongke-Khan and is exalted with honor; seven sons of the seven khans; Xul the impious; the martyrdom of lord Step'annos, the abbot of Geret'ni Monastery; the illness of Xul, caused by his criminal acts; Xul's succession by his son, Mighan.
Chapter 11.
The taking of Baghdad and the capture of the Caliph (Xalip'a); also, the surrender of the city of Martyropolis, and the [discovery of] right [hand] of the blessed apostle Bartholemew.
Chapter 12.
By the order of Mongke-Khan, Hulegu is seated as khan; the disobedience and punishment of four of the seven sons of the khan; two wrestlers and their match.
Chapter 13.
The wars of Hulegu-Khan against Aleppo, Damascus, and Jerusalem, and his death.
Chapter 14.
The death of Prince Kostandin, father of Het'um, king of the Armenians; Abagha, Hulegu's son, succeeds him; the death of Lord Kostand, kat'oghikos of the Armenians; the attack on Het'um by P'ntuxtar (Baibars), sultan of Egypt; the capture of Lewon, crown prince of the Armenians; the pain and sorrow of Het'um at the loss of his son.
Chapter 15.
Het'um's treaty with Baibars; Lord Yakovb, kat'oghikos of the Armenians; the return of Lewon from captivity; the joy of Het'um, his abdication from the throne, his living in solitude and his death; and the death of Dawit' king of the Georgians.
Chapter 16.
The rebellion and devastations of Teguder (T'agudar); his imprisonment by the order of Abagha-Khan.
Chapter 17.
Lewon succeeds his father with the approval of Abagha-Khan. Lewon's course with the treacherous princes. Revelation of the remains of Nerse's the Great. End.

Note: because of its large size, the translation has been divided into multiple files (of about 30K each) for fast display. Use the Continue link at the end of each section to advance.

The following modern chronological tables may be helpful as accompaniments to the translation:

Rulers of Armenia and of Eastern and Western Empires
Kat'oghikoi and Corresponding Secular Rulers of the Armenians
Rulers of Armenia and Iberia/Georgia
Rulers of Mongol Empires

Additional tables are available on another page of this site: Chronological Tables.

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