100 B.C. Olympiad 170.1

Consuls: C. Marius C.f. (VI), L. Valerius L.f. Flaccus
Athenian archon: Theodosius
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Simmias of Seleuceia-on-Tigris.

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 PAL << Alexander Jannaeus captures Gadara.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'86, ~:AJ_13'356; { The siege started soon after his treaty with Cleopatra, and lasted for 10 months.}
1a EGY {3 Pharmouthi -E = April} Document: AET_7.21, a contract concerning collection boxes.
2 IT+ Saturninus establishes Roman colonies at Eporedia and in Corsica, and plans other colonies.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Balb_48; Strab_4'205;(6.7)  +Vell_1.15'5; Sen:Dial_12.7'9; Plin:HN_3'80, '123; +[Vict]:VirIll_73'5; { CAH_9'99.}
3 ROM {July 12 -R} The birth of C.Julius Caesar.
* Read Velleius' account
Vell_2.41'2; Plut:Caes_69'1; Suet:Caes_88'1; Appian:BCiv_2'149; Campbell_207'Jul12;B  Eutrop_6.24'1; #Macrob:Sat_1.12'34;L  Malal_214; Suda_K'1199; { OCD_c.}
4 Saturninus proposes an agrarian law, which provides allotments for Marius' veterans.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Leg_2'14;L  ~[Liv]:Per_69; +Plut:Mar_29'2-8, :Crass_2'8; +Appian:BCiv_1'29-30; +[Vict]:VirIll_73'5-7; { CAH_9'99; OCD_s.}
5 MOE << T.Didius defeats the Scordisci and forces them to retreat.
* Read Florus' account
Sherk_55a'28-29,B  55b'(4)9-10;B  Cic:Pis_61; Flor_1.39'5; Festus:Brev_9'2; +Hieron:Chron_1917; AmmMarc_27.4'10; { CAH_9'32<102/1>; MRR_1'571.}
6 PAL Alexander Jannaeus captures Raphia and Anthedon, and attacks Gaza.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'86, ~:AJ_13'357-360, '364.
7 ROM Metellus Numidicus refuses to take an oath to abide by Saturninus' agrarian law, and goes into exile.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Dom_87, :Sest_37, 101, :Pis_20, :Planc_89; +[Liv]:Per_69; Vell_2.15'4; ValMax_3.8'4; Plut:CatMin_32'6, :Sull_39'4; Suet:Gram_3; +Plut:Mar_29'9-12; Flor_2.4'2-3, 5'3; Appian:BCiv_1'29, +'30-32;(↓)  Ampel_18'14; DioCass_38.7'1; [Vict]:VirIll_62'2, +73'8; +Oros_5.17'4; { CAH_9'100; OCD_m.}
8 ROM Marius puts L.Equitius into prison, but he is rescued by a mob.
9 Saturninus is elected tribune for a third term.
* Read Florus' account
Flor_2.4'3; +Appian:BCiv_1'32; { CAH_9'101; OCD_s.}
10 Caepio is brought to trial for obstructing the passing of Saturninus' corn law.
* Read Anon's account
[Cic]:RhetHer_1'21, 2'17; Cic:Brut_169; { CAH_9'98; OCD_s.}
11 {December -R} The followers of Saturninus murder C.Memmius, an opponent of Glaucia in the consular elections.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Cat_4'4, +:Brut_224; [Liv]:Per_69; +Vell_2.12'6; Flor_2.4'3-4; Appian:BCiv_1'32; +[Vict]:VirIll_73'9; +Oros_5.17'5; { CAH_9'101; OCD_s.}
12 ++ Saturninus and Glaucia are both competent orators.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:HarResp_41, :RabPost_14, :Brut_224, :Acad_2'75.
13 {December -R} The senate declares Saturninus and Glaucia public enemies, and they are killed by a mob after being captured by Marius.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:RabPerd_9-10, +18-31, 35, :Cat_1'4, 3'15, +:Brut_224, :Phil_8'15; [Liv]:Per_69; CIL_6.41024; +ValMax_3.2'18, 6.3'1c, 8.6'2; +Ascon_5;L  +Plut:Mar_30'1-6; Suet:Caes_12'1; Flor_2.4'5-6; Appian:BCiv_1'32-33; Ampel_26'3; DioCass_37.26'1-3; [Vict]:VirIll_67'3, +73'10-12; +Oros_5.17'6-10; { CAH_9'786; OCD_s.}
14 == Marius orders the return of Fannia's dowry, after she is divorced by Titinius.
* Read Plutarch's account
ValMax_8.2'3; +Plut:Mar_38'4-5.
15 ITA ?? Document: ARS_55 (CIL_1.582), a fragment of a Roman law found at Bantia in Lucania.
16 AS1 ?? The death of the bucolic poet Bion.
[Mosch]_3'1-126; { ~OCD_b.}
17 EXT ?? Bogus, king of Mauretania, goes on an expedition to the Western Ethiopians.
Strab_17'827;(3.5)  { Probably the same Bogus who appears in the account of Eudoxus' third voyage.}
18 ?? Eudoxus' third voyage, in which he attempts to circumnavigate Africa.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_2'99-100,(3.4-5)  '101-102;(3.5)  Mela_3'90, '92; Plin:HN_2'169; { After the death of Cleopatra, queen of Egypt.}
19 GRE << Document: ARS_56 & Sherk_55, copies from Delphi and Cnidus of a Roman decree which imposes measures to combat piracy. { CAH_9'17, '97-98.}
19a PEL ?? Document: Syll_713, an inscription from a statue of Marius at Olympia.
20 AEG ?? Document: THI_23'D, an inscription from a statue of C.Ofellius Ferus, at Delos.

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