68 B.C. Olympiad 178.1

Consuls: L. Caecilius C.f. Metellus, Q. Marcius Q.f. Rex
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Diocles Hypepenus

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1 ARM << The Romans capture Pinaca.
2 SYR << Tigranes loses control of Syria.
* Read Justin's account
Strab_10'532,(14.15)  14'669;(5.2)  ~Appian:Syr_70; ~Just_40.1'4, 2'2-3; Trog:Prol_40; { CAH_9'259.}
3 ROM The consul Metellus dies soon after taking office; his successor also dies, so Marcius is left as sole consul.
+DioCass_36.4'1; { CAH_9'792.}
3a EGY {11 Pharmouthi -E = April} Document: AET_6.15, the will of a 'katoikos hippeus'.
4 ARM Tigranes and Mithridates raise another army.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_87; +DioCass_36.1'1.
5 PER Mithridates writes to Arsaces of Parthia, asking for his assistance against the Romans, but Arsaces decides to remain neutral.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Hist_4.67'1-23; Memn_38'8; ~Plut:Luc_30'1; ~Appian:Mith_87; +DioCass_36.1'1-2, 3'1-3; { CAH_9'241-242.}
6 ROM L.Quinctius proposes that the command against Mithridates should be taken away from Lucullus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'68;L  Plut:Luc_33'5-6; +DioCass_36.2'1-2; { CAH_9'331.}
7 PON Lucullus' garrisons in Pontus start to mutiny.
8 PEL {July ?} Straton of Alexandria wins both the wrestling and the pancration contests at the Olympic games.
* Read Aelian's account
+Paus_5.21'9; Aelian:VH_4'15; +[Euseb]:Chron_211.(↓) 
9 CRE Metellus captures Cydonia and Cnossus.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_99; Flor_1.42'4; Appian:Sic_6'5;(9)  { CAH_9'331.}
10 ARM Lucullus marches towards Artaxata, and beats off an attack by Mithridates and Tigranes near the river Arsanias.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'72-73;L  ~Plut:Luc_31'1-9; ~Appian:Mith_87; +DioCass_36.4'2-6'1; { CAH_9'242.}
11 {September} Lucullus' army refuses to march further into Armenia, amidst rumours that he is planning to invade Parthia.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegMan_23-24; ~Plut:Luc_32'1-4; { CAH_9'242; at the time of the autumn equinox.}
12 ++ During Lucullus' invasion of Armenia, Roman armies penetrate further east than ever before.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Sest_58; Julian:Caes_322'D; Festus:Brev_14'1, 15'3; AmmMarc_23.5'16.
13 MES Lucullus withdraws to Nisibis, which he starts to besiege.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'76;L  ~Plut:Luc_32'4-5; +DioCass_36.6'1-3, 8'1.
14 LUS << Caesar serves as quaestor in further Spain; his ambition is stirred by seeing a statue of Alexander.
* Read Suetonius' account
[Caes]:BHisp_42'1; Vell_2.43'4; Plut:Caes_5'6, 11'5, :Mor_206'B; Suet:Caes_7'1-2; DioCass_37.52'2, 41.24'2; Julian:Caes_322'C; { OCD_c; MRR_2'93.}
15 ROM C.Piso openly bribes voters in order to be elected as consul.
* Read Dio's account
Sall:Hist_4'78;L  DioCass_36.38'3; { CAH_9'331-332.}
16 PON Mithridates re-enters Pontus and wins support against the Romans.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:LegMan_24-25; Sall:Hist_5'2-3;L  Memn_38'1; Plut:Luc_34'6; Appian:Mith_88; +DioCass_36.9'1-2; Eutrop_6.9'2; { CAH_9'243; OCD_m.}
17 Mithridates defeats M.Fabius.
* Read Dio's account
Sall:Hist_5'5-6;L  Plut:Luc_35'1; Appian:Mith_88; +DioCass_36.9'2-5; { CAH_9'243.}
18 ARM Tigranes attacks L.Fannius.
19 ROM {November -R} Document: Cic:Att_1.5 & 1.6, the two earliest surviving letters of Cicero to Atticus.
20 M.Cato is the only candidate to obey the canvassing laws, when elected to be tribunus militum.
21 CIS C.Caesar incites unrest in the towns of northern Italy.
~Suet:Caes_8'1; { OCD_c; after his return from Spain.}
22 MES Lucullus captures Nisibis.
* Read Dio's account
~Plut:Luc_32'5-6, 36'6, 46'1; +DioCass_36.7'1-8'1, 14'3; Festus:Brev_14'1, 15'3; Eutrop_6.9'1-2; Hieron:Chron_1944; AmmMarc_25.9'8; Oros_6.3'7; { CAH_9'242; OCD_n.}
23 PON Triarius defeats Mithridates at Comana.
24 ROM ?? Metellus Nepos and Curio agree to drop legal proceedings, after threatening to prosecute each other.
Ascon_63-64;L  { When Metellus was still young - before he served under Pompeius in 67-64 B.C.}
25 == Hortensius fails to sustain his pre-eminence as an orator after his consulship.
25a GRE ?? Ariston of Alexandria and Cratippus move from the Academic school to become Peripatetic philosophers.
26 MES ++ The philosopher Antiochus accompanies Lucullus during his eastern campaigns.
* Read Aelian's account
Phld:Acad_34;B  Cic:Acad_2'4, '10, '61, '63, '132-133, '137; Aelian:VH_12'25; { OCD_a; Green_609.}
27 PAL == The birth of Joseph, the grandfather of the historian Josephus.
~Joseph:Vit_5; { In the 9th year of the reign of Alexandra.}
28 ASI == P. Dolabella avoids condemning a woman of Smyrna, who is accused of murdering her husband.
* Read Gellius' account
ValMax_8.1am'2; Gell_12.7'1-8; AmmMarc_29.2'19; { MRR_2'97-98.}

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