69 B.C. Olympiad 177.4

Consuls: Q. Hortensius L.f. Hortalus, Q. Caecilius C.f. Metellus

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1 ROM The senate rebuffs a Cretan embassy and makes preparations to attack the island.
* Read Dio's account
Diod_40.1'1-3; Appian:Sic_6'3-4;(8)  DioCass_fr.111'1-3b.
2 CAP Lucullus crosses the Euphrates at Tomisa, and invades Armenia.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegMan_23; Sall:Hist_4'59-61; Strab_12'537;(2.6)  Memn_38'2; Plut:Luc_24'1-7, 46'1; Tac:Ann_15'27; ~Appian:Mith_84; Festus:Brev_14'1, 15'3; ~Oros_6.3'6;L  { CAH_9'240; OCD_tigranes.}
3 ARM Lucullus and Sextilius defeat an Armenian cavalry force, led by Mithrobarzanes.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Luc_25'1-7; ~Appian:Mith_84'
4 AEG Athenodorus, a pirate chief, devastates Delos, but Triarius restores the island's facilities.
+Phlegon:Fr_12'13;(97)  Arnob_6'23; { CAH_9'331; OCD_d.}
5 << Numerous other pirate raids on the islands and coasts of the Aegean Sea.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegMan_33; Plut:Pomp_24'6-7.
6 ETR << The pirates increase their attacks throughout the Mediterranean, and make raids against Caieta, Ostia, and Misenum on the Italian coast.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegMan_31-33, 53-55; Strab_14'662,(2.28)  16'754;(2.14)  Vell_2.31'2; Plut:Pomp_24'1-25'1; Flor_1.41'6; DioCass_36.20'1-23'2; Oros_6.4'1.L 
7 ROM The consul Metellus is sent to lead the war against the Cretans.
* Read Dio's account
~[Liv]:Per_98; +Phlegon:Fr_12'12;(97)  Appian:Sic_6'5;(9)  +DioCass_36.1a'1; Eutrop_6.11'1-2; Schol:Bob_96; { CAH_9'249; OCD_m.}
8 GRE << Patron succeeds Phaedrus as head of the Epicurean school.
9 SYR << 170,000 people are killed in an earthquake in Syria.
~Just_40.2'1; { This happened shortly before Lucullus defeated Tigranes.}
10 ARM Sextilius starts to besiege Mancaeus at Tigranocerta.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'62-63;L  Plin:HN_2'235;L  (?) Memn_38'3; ~Plut:Luc_26'1-2, 27'1-2; ~Appian:Mith_84-85;(↓)  DioCass_36.1b'1-2.
11 {? September -R} Tigranes despises the small size of Lucullus' army, and ignores Mithridates' advice to avoid open battle.
* Read Plutarch's account
Memn_38'4; ~Plut:Luc_26'3-27'4; ~Appian:Mith_85; DioCass_36.1b'2.
12 {6 October -R} Lucullus wins an overwhelming victory over Tigranes.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'64-66,L  _4.67'15; Frontin:Str_2.1'14, 2'4; Memn_38'5; #Plut:Luc_26'5-29'2, :Cam_19'11, :Mor_203'A-B; +Phlegon:Fr_12'10;(97)  Appian:Mith_85; ~DioCass_36.1b'3; Festus:Brev_15'3; Eutrop_6.9'1; Oros_6.3'6-7;L  { CAH_9'249; Green_553.}
13 CRE Metellus defeats Lasthenes and Panares, and besieges Cydonia.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_98; (?) ValMax_7.6e'1;L  +Phlegon:Fr_12'12;(97)  Appian:Sic_6'5.(9) 
14 ARM Lucullus captures and sacks Tigranocerta.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegMan_23; Strab_11'532,(14.15)  12'539;(2.9)  Memn_38'6; ~Plut:Luc_29'3-5; ~Appian:Mith_86; +DioCass_36.2'3-4; Festus:Brev_15'3; Eutrop_6.9'1; { CAH_9'241.}
15 Antiochus of Commagene, Alchaudonius, and other princes transfer their support to Lucullus, but Zarbienus of Gordyene is betrayed and killed.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'71;L  ~Plut:Luc_29'6-10; DioCass_36.2'5, 47.27'3; ~Oros_6.3'7;L  { CAH_9'241.}
16 Mithridates persuades Tigranes to keep on fighting against the Romans.
17 Cleopatra Selene is put to death by Tigranes, after being imprisoned at Seleuceia on the Euphrates.
18 ?? L.Murena serves as an officer in Lucullus' army during the war against Mithridates.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Mur_19-21, 31, 34, 89; { MRR_2'94.}
19 AFR ?? Cn.Plancius serves with A.Torquatus in Africa.
Cic:Planc_27; { MRR_2'93.}
20 ITA == Sassia prompts another inquest into the death of Oppianicus.
* Read Cicero's account
+Cic:Clu_178-187, 191-193.
21 ROM == Cicero as aedile organises games, but without excessive expense.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Mur_40, :Off_2'59; Plut:Cic_8'1-4; { MRR_2'92.}
22 == Document: Cic:Tul_, Cicero's speech in defence of M.Tullius. { OCD_c.}
23 == Document: Cic:Caecin_, Cicero's speech in defence of A.Caecina. { OCD_c.}
24 == Document: Cic:Font_, Cicero's speech in defence of M.Fonteius. { OCD_c.}
25 == Catulus completes the restoration of the buildings, especially the temple of Jupiter, on the Capitol at Rome.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_98; ValMax_2.4'6,L  6.9'5;L  Plin:HN_19'23,L  33'57,L  34'77;L  Tac:Hist_3'72; +Phlegon:Fr_12'11;(97)  Plut:Publ_15'1; AmmMarc_14.6'25; +Cassiod:Chr_685; { CAH_9'327; OCD_c.}
26 == The triumph of M.Piso, on his return from Spain.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Pis_62; +Ascon_15;L  { CAH_9'792.}
27 == Caesar makes a public speech at the funeral of his aunt Julia.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Caes_5'2-5; ~Suet:Caes_6'1; { CAH_9'753=68; OCD_c; MRR_2'93.}
28 == Q.Cicero marries Pomponia, the sister of Atticus.
Nepos:Att_5'3-4; { OCD_c.}
29 == The birth of the poet C.Cornelius Gallus.
~Hieron:Chron_1990; { OCD_g.}
30 EGY == The birth of Cleopatra, queen of Egypt.

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