70 B.C. Olympiad 177.3

Consuls: Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Magnus, M. Licinius P.f. Crassus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 SIC Metellus overturns many of Verres' decisions, soon after arriving in Sicily.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:Verr_2.2'62-63, '138-140, 3'43-44, '152-160, 5'55; { MRR_2'90.}
2 ROM The Sicilians appeal to Cicero to take on the accusation of Verres at Rome.
3 {January -R} Cicero overcomes a challenge from Q.Caecilius, to be appointed the official prosecutor of Verres.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DivCaec_1-73; Quint_7.2'2; Plut:Cic_7'5.
4 Verres arranges for a rival prosecutor (? Dasianus) to collect evidence against a former governor of Achaea.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'6; Sall:Hist_4'55.L 
5 SIC Cicero goes to Sicily to collect evidence against Verres.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'64-65, '138, '140, '186-190, 3'47, :Scaur_24-26, 29.
6 PON << Mithridates send Bacchides to kill his wives and concubines, including Monima of Miletus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Memn_30'1; ~Plut:Luc_18'2-9; ~Appian:Mith_82; Aelian:Fr_12.
7 ARM << Lucullus gains control of Armenia Minor.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Luc_19'1; Eutrop_6.8'3.
8 PON << Lucullus sends Ap.Claudius as an envoy to Tigranes to demand the surrender of Mithridates.
* Read Memnon's account
Memn_31'2; ~Plut:Luc_19'1; { CAH_9'238-239; McGushin_2'167.}
9 << Lucullus captures Amisus after prolonged resistance led by Callimachus, but fails to stop his soldiers from looting the town.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegMan_21; Sall:Hist_4'46-48;L  Memn_30'4; ~Plut:Luc_19'1-9, 32'5-6, 33'3; ~Appian:Mith_83; Eutrop_6.8'2; { CAH_9'238; OCD_a.}
10 ROM Popular pressure forces Pompeius and Crassus to stage a public reconciliation.
+Appian:BCiv_1'121; { OCD_c.}
11 The consuls sponsor a law to restore the full rights and powers of the tribunes of the plebs.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'44, :Leg_3'22,L  '26;L  Sall:Cat_38'111; Caes:BCiv_1.7'2, '4; +[Liv]:Per_97; +Vell_2.30'4; Ascon_76;L  Tac:Ann_3'27; +Plut:Pomp_22'4; Appian:BCiv_2'29; { CAH_9'224; OCD_pompeius.}
12 PON << Triarius arrives unexpectedly off the coast of Pontus, and defeats the navy of Heracleia.
13 << Cotta and Triarius capture Heracleia, after it is abandoned by Connacorex.
* Read Memnon's account
Sall:Hist_4'50-51; Memn_34'8-36'2; ~Appian:Mith_82; { The siege lasted for two years.}
14 << Lucullus secures an alliance with Machares, the son of Mithridates, who is king of Bosporus.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_98; Memn_37'6; ~Appian:Mith_83;(↓)  { CAH_9'238.}
15 ROM {5 August -R} Cicero presents his evidence at the trial of Verres, who immediately gives up hope of acquittal and goes into exile.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'1-56, _2.1'1-5'189, ~:Brut_319, :Orat_129,L  :Off_2'50; Plin:HN_34'6,L  '48;L  Quint_5.13'35, 6.3'98, 5'4; Plut:Cic_7'1-8'1, :Mor_205'B; DioCass_46.7'4; [Vict]:VirIll_81'3;L  Schol:Bob_344-348.L 
16 SIC L.Metellus attacks Pyrganion and other pirates, and forces them to retreat from the coast of Sicily.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_98; ~Oros_6.3'5;L  { MRR_2'90.}
17 AS1 Lucullus reorganises the province of Asia, and takes vigorous measures to reduce debt and restore prosperity.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Acad_2'3;L  ~Plut:Luc_20'1-6, 23'1; ~Appian:Mith_83;(↓)  { CAH_9'239, '247.}
18 The cities of Asia establish festivals in honour of Lucullus.
19 The poet Archias accompanies Lucullus in Asia.
20 SYR Ap.Claudius is deliberately delayed by his guides, but leaves them behind and makes his own way to Antioch.
21 Claudius secretly wins over Zarbienus and other disaffected subjects of Tigranes.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'57;L  ~Plut:Luc_21'2-5, 29'8.
22 PAL ?? The Pharisees gain great influence during the reign of Alexandra, despite the opposition of her son Aristobulus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'110-115, ~:AJ_13'408-418.
23 PHO Tigranes captures Ptolemais, but is soon afterwards recalled home by news of the Roman advance towards his kingdom.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'116, :AJ_13'419-421; ~Plut:Luc_21'2; Movses_2'14.
24 SYR Ap.Claudius meets Tigranes, and bluntly warns him of the consequences if Mithridates is not handed over.
* Read Memnon's account
Sall:Hist_4'58;L  Memn_31'2-3; Plut:Luc_21'6-8; { CAH_9'791.}
25 ROM The praetor L.Aurelius Cotta passes the Lex Aurelia, a law which reforms the composition of juries.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'174, 3'223, :Clu_130, :Phil_1'20; ~[Liv]:Per_97; Vell_2.32'3; ~Ascon_17,L  67,L  78;L  Tac:Ann_3'28; +Plut:Pomp_22'4; Schol:Bob_91, 94, 97;L  { CAH_9'225; OCD_c.}
26 CIS {15 October -R} The birth of the poet P.Vergilius Maro, in a village near Mantua.
* Read Suetonius' account
#Mart_12.67'3-5; #[Suet]:Verg_1-6; #Phot:Bibl_97<q" Phlegon:Fr_12'9>; ChronPasc_452'C; Hieron:Chron_1948; { OCD_v.}
27 ROM Lentulus and Gellius are elected as the first censors since Sulla's reforms, and Pompeius, though consul, comes with his horse to be examined by them.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Verr_1'54; ValMax_5.9'1;L  +Plut:Pomp_22'4-9, :Mor_203'F-204'A; { 9'225; OCD_g.}
28 PON Lucullus captures Sinope.
* Read Memnon's account
Cic:LegMan_21; Diod_14.31'2; Strab_12'546;(3.11)  Memn_37'1-8; ~Plut:Luc_23'2-6, 46'1; ~Appian:Mith_83; Eutrop_6.8'2; ~Oros_6.3'2-3;L  { The events in Pontus are shown here in approximately the same order as they appear in Memnon's account; see McGushin_2'167-168.}
29 Lucullus captures Amaseia; the death of Diodorus the general of Mithridates.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_13'614;(1.66)  ~Memn_37'9.
30 ARM ++ Comments on Metrodorus' skill as an orator.
* Read Quintilian's account
Quint_10.6'4, 11.2'6.
31 Mithridates has Metrodorus and Amphicrates killed, after hearing that they had been disloyal.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_13'609-610;(1.55)  ~Plut:Luc_22'2-7.
32 ROM Pompeius and Crassus are again reconciled, after constant disagreements throughout their consulship, and Pompeius retires to private life for a while.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'56;L  Plut:Pomp_22'3, +23'1-6, :Crass_12'2-4; Suet:Caes_19'2; { CAH_9'228.}
33 The Lex Plotia authorises the return from exile of L.Cinna and other supporters of Lepidus.
* Read Suetonius' account
Sall:Hist_4'52;L  ~Suet:Caes_5'1; { CAH_9'227; OCD_lex.}
34 ?? Another Lex Plotia is an agrarian law.
Cic:Att_1.18'6; { CAH_9'227.}
35 The Lex Pompeia defines the crime of parricide.
Justin:Dig_48.1'1<q" Macer>; Justin:Dig_48.2.12'4<q" Venuleius>; Justin:Dig_48.9'1-10; { OCD_parricide.}
36 The censors carry out a severe review of the senate, removing C.Antonius, Q.Curius, P.Lentulus and others.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Clu_117-134; QCic:Pet_8;(2)  Cic:Dom_124; Sall:Cat_23'1, :Hist_4'53;L  ~[Liv]:Per_98; ~Ascon_84;L (↓)  +Phlegon:Fr_12'6;(97)  DioCass_37.30'4; { CAH_9'225; OCD_a.}
37 (?) Maecilia begins a long career of adultery.
38 ++ The grammarian Cornelius Epicadius is a freedman of Sulla, and a favourite of his son Faustus.
39 PER << The death of Sinatroces, king of Parthia.
* Read Appian's account
+Phlegon:Fr_12'7;(97)  ~Appian:Mith_104; Lucian:Macr_15; { OCD_arsacids; OHIH_p391.}

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