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70 B.C. Olympiad 177.3


Consuls: Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Magnus, M. Licinius P.f. Crassus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 SIC Metellus overturns many of Verres' decisions, soon after arriving in Sicily.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:Verr_2.2'62-63, '138-140, 3'43-44, '152-160, 5'55; {MRR_2'90.}
2 ROM The Sicilians appeal to Cicero to take on the accusation of Verres at Rome.
Cic:Verr_2.2'10.
3 {January -R} Cicero overcomes a challenge from Q.Caecilius, to be appointed the official prosecutor of Verres.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DivCaec_1-73; Quint_7.2'2; Plut:Cic_7'5.
4 Verres arranges for a rival prosecutor (? Dasianus) to collect evidence against a former governor of Achaea.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'6; Sall:Hist_4'55.L 
5 SIC Cicero goes to Sicily to collect evidence against Verres.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'64-65, '138, '140, '186-190, 3'47, :Scaur_24-26, 29.
6 PON << Mithridates send Bacchides to kill his wives and concubines, including Monima of Miletus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Memn_30'1; ~Plut:Luc_18'2-9; ~Appian:Mith_82'b; Aelian:Fr_12.
7 ARM << Lucullus gains control of Armenia Minor.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Luc_19'1; Eutrop_6.8'3.
8 PON << Lucullus sends Ap.Claudius as an envoy to Tigranes to demand the surrender of Mithridates.
* Read Memnon's account
Memn_31'2; ~Plut:Luc_19'1; {CAH_9'238-239; McGushin_2'167.}
9 << Lucullus captures Amisus after prolonged resistance led by Callimachus, but fails to stop his soldiers from looting the town.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegMan_21; Sall:Hist_4'46-48;L  Memn_30'4; ~Plut:Luc_19'1-9, 32'5-6, 33'3; ~Appian:Mith_83'b-c; Eutrop_6.8'2; {CAH_9'238; OCD_a.}
10 ROM Popular pressure forces Pompeius and Crassus to stage a public reconciliation.
+Appian:BCiv_1.121'b-d; {OCD_c.}
11 The consuls sponsor a law to restore the full rights and powers of the tribunes of the plebs.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'44, :Leg_3'22,L  '26;L  Sall:Cat_38'111; Caes:BCiv_1.7'2, '4; +[Liv]:Per_97'b; +Vell_2.30'4; Ascon_76'a-b;L  Tac:Ann_3'27; +Plut:Pomp_22'4; Appian:BCiv_2.29'b; {CAH_9'224; OCD_pompeius.}
12 PON << Triarius arrives unexpectedly off the coast of Pontus, and defeats the navy of Heracleia.
Memn_34'1-7.
13 << Cotta and Triarius capture Heracleia, after it is abandoned by Connacorex.
* Read Memnon's account
Sall:Hist_4'50-51; Memn_34'8-36'2; ~Appian:Mith_82'b-c; {The siege lasted for two years.}
14 << Lucullus secures an alliance with Machares, the son of Mithridates, who is king of Bosporus.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_98'a; Memn_37'6; ~Appian:Mith_83'c; {CAH_9'238.}
15 ROM {5 August -R} Cicero presents his evidence at the trial of Verres, who immediately gives up hope of acquittal and goes into exile.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'1-56, _2.1'1-5'189, ~:Brut_319, :Orat_129,L  :Off_2'50; Plin:HN_34'6,L  '48;L  Quint_5.13'35, 6.3'98, 5'4; Plut:Cic_7'1-8'1, :Mor_205'B; DioCass_46.7'4; [Vict]:VirIll_81'3;L  Schol:Bob_344-348.L 
16 SIC L.Metellus attacks Pyrganion and other pirates, and forces them to retreat from the coast of Sicily.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_98'a; ~Oros_6.3'5;L  {MRR_2'90.}
17 AS1 Lucullus reorganises the province of Asia, and takes vigorous measures to reduce debt and restore prosperity.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Acad_2'3;L  ~Plut:Luc_20'1-6, 23'1; ~Appian:Mith_83'd; {CAH_9'239, '247.}
18 The cities of Asia establish festivals in honour of Lucullus.
~Plut:Luc_23'1-2.
19 The poet Archias accompanies Lucullus in Asia.
~Cic:Arch_11.
20 SYR Ap.Claudius is deliberately delayed by his guides, but leaves them behind and makes his own way to Antioch.
Plut:Luc_21'1.
21 Claudius secretly wins over Zarbienus and other disaffected subjects of Tigranes.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'57;L  ~Plut:Luc_21'2-5, 29'8.
22 PAL ?? The Pharisees gain great influence during the reign of Alexandra, despite the opposition of her son Aristobulus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'110-115, ~:AJ_13'408-418.
23 PHO Tigranes captures Ptolemais, but is soon afterwards recalled home by news of the Roman advance towards his kingdom.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'116, :AJ_13'419-421; ~Plut:Luc_21'2; Movses_2'14.
24 SYR Ap.Claudius meets Tigranes, and bluntly warns him of the consequences if Mithridates is not handed over.
* Read Memnon's account
Sall:Hist_4'58;L  Memn_31'2-3; Plut:Luc_21'6-8; {CAH_9'791.}
25 ROM The praetor L.Aurelius Cotta passes the Lex Aurelia, a law which reforms the composition of juries.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'174, 3'223, :Clu_130, :Phil_1'20; ~[Liv]:Per_97'b; Vell_2.32'3; ~Ascon_17'a,L  67'b,L  78'c;L  Tac:Ann_3'28; +Plut:Pomp_22'4; Schol:Bob_91, 94, 97;L  {CAH_9'225; OCD_c.}
26 CIS {15 October -R} The birth of the poet P.Vergilius Maro, in a village near Mantua.
* Read Suetonius' account
#Mart_12.67'3-5; #[Suet]:Verg_1-6; #Phot:Bibl_97<q" Phlegon:Fr_12'9>; ChronPasc_452'C; Hieron:Chron_1948; {OCD_v.}
27 ROM Lentulus and Gellius are elected as the first censors since Sulla's reforms, and Pompeius, though consul, comes with his horse to be examined by them.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Verr_1'54; ValMax_5.9'1;L  +Plut:Pomp_22'4-9, :Mor_203'F-204'A; {9'225; OCD_g.}
28 PON Lucullus captures Sinope.
* Read Memnon's account
Cic:LegMan_21; Diod_14.31'2; Strab_12.546'a-b;(3.11)  Memn_37'1-8; ~Plut:Luc_23'2-6, 46'1; ~Appian:Mith_83'a-b; Eutrop_6.8'2; ~Oros_6.3'2-3;L  {The events in Pontus are shown here in approximately the same order as they appear in Memnon's account; see McGushin_2'167-168.}
29 Lucullus captures Amaseia; the death of Diodorus the general of Mithridates.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_13.614'b;(1.66)  ~Memn_37'9.
30 ARM ++ Comments on Metrodorus' skill as an orator.
* Read Quintilian's account
Quint_10.6'4, 11.2'6.
31 Mithridates has Metrodorus and Amphicrates killed, after hearing that they had been disloyal.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_13.609'd-610'a;(1.55)  ~Plut:Luc_22'2-7.
32 ROM Pompeius and Crassus are again reconciled, after constant disagreements throughout their consulship, and Pompeius retires to private life for a while.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'56;L  Plut:Pomp_22'3, +23'1-6, :Crass_12'2-4; Suet:Caes_19'2; {CAH_9'228.}
33 The Lex Plotia authorises the return from exile of L.Cinna and other supporters of Lepidus.
* Read Suetonius' account
Sall:Hist_4'52;L  ~Suet:Caes_5'1; {CAH_9'227; OCD_lex.}
34 ?? Another Lex Plotia is an agrarian law.
Cic:Att_1.18'6; {CAH_9'227.}
35 The Lex Pompeia defines the crime of parricide.
Justin:Dig_48.1'1<q"L  Macer>; Justin:Dig_48.2.12'4<q"L  Venuleius>; Justin:Dig_48.9'1-10;L  {OCD_parricide.}
36 The censors carry out a severe review of the senate, removing C.Antonius, Q.Curius, P.Lentulus and others.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Clu_117-134; QCic:Pet_8;(2)  Cic:Dom_124; Sall:Cat_23'1, :Hist_4'53;L  ~[Liv]:Per_98'a; ~Ascon_84'c;L  +Phlegon:Fr_12'6;(97)  DioCass_37.30'4; {CAH_9'225; OCD_a.}
37 (?) Maecilia begins a long career of adultery.
+Catull_113'1-2.
38 ++ The grammarian Cornelius Epicadius is a freedman of Sulla, and a favourite of his son Faustus.
Suet:Gram_12;
39 PER << The death of Sinatroces, king of Parthia.
* Read Appian's account
+Phlegon:Fr_12'7;(97)  ~Appian:Mith_104'b; Lucian:Macr_15; {OCD_arsacids; OHIH_p391.}

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