71 B.C. Olympiad 177.2

Consuls: P. Cornelius P.f. Lentulus Sura, Cn. Aufidius Cn.f. Orestes

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1 SPA << Pompeius captures the rebel cities of Uxama and Calagurris.
* Read Florus' account
Sall:Hist_3'82-83;L  ValMax_7.6e'3;L  Juvenal_15'93-113;L  Flor_2.10'9; Exsuper_56; Oros_5.23'14.L 
2 CRE << The Cretans defeat Antonius and force him to retreat.
* Read Livy's account
Sall:Hist_3'74-75;L  Diod_40.1'1; ~[Liv]:Per_97; Flor_1.42'3; Appian:Sic_6'2,(8)  :BCiv_1'111; { CAH_9'249; McGushin_2'125.}
3 PON << Lucullus besieges Amisus and Themiscyra.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'40;L  ~Plut:Luc_14'2-8, 33'3; +Phlegon:Fr_12'3;(97)  ~Appian:Mith_78; { CAH_9'237.}
4 << Mithridates gathers together a new army at Cabeira.
* Read Memnon's account
Memn_29'8; ~Plut:Luc_15'1; ~Appian:Mith_78;(↓)  { CAH_9'237.}
5 ROM << C.Caesar is elected military tribune, ahead of C.Popillius.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Caes_5'1; ~Suet:Caes_5'1; { MRR_2'87.}
6 ITA Spartacus breaks out at night though Crassus' siegeworks.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'29-31;L  Frontin:Str_1.5'20; ~Plut:Crass_10'6; ~Appian:BCiv_1'119; { CAH_9'223.}
7 SPA Pompeius leaves Spain, and sets up a trophy on the Pyrenees.
* Read Strabo's account
Sall:Hist_3'84-85;L  Strab_3'160;(4.9)  Plin:HN_3'18,L  7'96;L  ~Plut:Pomp_21'1; Exsuper_56; { OCD_p.}
8 ITA Crassus catches and defeats a detachment of German slaves separated from Spartacus' main army, near a Lucanian lake.
* Read Frontinus' account
Sall:Hist_4'32-33;L  Frontin:Str_2.4'7; +Plut:Crass_11'1; ~Appian:BCiv_1'119; ~Oros_5.24'6.L 
9 ITA Spartacus withdraws towards Brundisium.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Plut:Crass_11'4; ~Appian:BCiv_1'120.
10 Crassus annihilates the army of German slaves led by Castus and Cannicus, killing over 30,000 of the slaves.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'34;L  ~[Liv]:Per_97; Frontin:Str_2.5'34; +Plut:Crass_11'2-3; ~Oros_5.24'6;L  { CAH_9'223.}
11 PON << Lucullus advances against Mithridates, but is defeated in a cavalry skirmish near Cabeira.
* Read Appian's account
Memn_29'8; ~Plut:Luc_15'2; +Phlegon:Fr_12'3;(97)  ~Appian:Mith_79'
12 << Holcabas deserts to the Romans, and then allegedly attempts to kill Lucullus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Frontin:Str_2.5'30; ~Plut:Luc_16'1-7; ~Appian:Mith_79'
13 << Lucullus is shown a safe route to advance against Cabeira, but is then defeated in another skirmish.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'3-5;L  Memn_29'8; ~Plut:Luc_15'3-7; ~Appian:Mith_80'
14 The grandfather of the geographer Strabo, (?) Aeniates, rebels from Mithridates and persuades some garrisons to surrender to the Romans.
Strab_12'557-558;(3.33)  { When Lucullus was already winning the war against Mithridates.}
15 ITA Crassus defeats and kills Spartacus by the river Silarus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'36;L  ~[Liv]:Per_97; Vell_2.30'6; Lucan_2'554; Plut:Pomp_21'2, :Crass_11'5-7, 36'2; ~Appian:BCiv_1'120; Ampel_45'3;L  Athen_6.273'a; Eutrop_6.7'2; ~Oros_5.24'7;L  { CAH_9'223; OCD_s.}
16 ++ General comments on the virtuous character of Spartacus.
Diod_38.21'1; Plin:HN_33'49.L 
17 ++ General comments on the ignominious war against Spartacus' slave army.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.5'5-7, :LegMan_30; Caes:BGall_1.40'5; Hor:Od_3.14'19-20; Seneca:Contr_2.1'7;L  Tac:Ann_3'73; Flor_1.47'10, 2.8'1-2; Appian:Mith_109; Ampel_41'4;L  Julian:Caes_322'D; August:DeCiv_3'26, 4'5,(↓)  5'22; Oros_5.24'18-20.L 
18 ETR Pompeius arrives back in Italy, and defeats a force of slaves attempting to escape to the north.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pomp_21'3, 31'12-13, +:Crass_11'2, '5, '7; ~Appian:BCiv_1'119; Ampel_45'3;L  { CAH_9'223; OCD_spartacus.}
19 PON << A force sent by Mithridates to attack Lucullus' supply convoy is defeated by Hadrianus and suffers heavy losses.
* Read Memnon's account
Sall:Hist_4'6;L  ~[Liv]:Per_97; Memn_29'9; ~Plut:Luc_17'1-2; +Phlegon:Fr_12'3;(97)  ~Appian:Mith_80-81; Eutrop_6.8'3; { CAH_9'237.}
20 << Panic in Mithridates' camp as his army attempts to escape before the arrival of Lucullus.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_4'7-8;L  Memn_30'1; ~Plut:Luc_17'3-8; ~Appian:Mith_81-82; Eutrop_6.8'3; { CAH_9'237.}
21 NAR The German king Ariovistus enters Gaul at the invitation of the Sequani, and defeats the Aedui.
* Read Caesar's account
Caes:BGall_1.31'4-10, 6.12'2-4, 7.67'7; { OCD_a.}
22 ITA The survivors of Spartacus' army are rounded up and crucified.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:BCiv_1'120;(↓)  ~Oros_5.24'8;L  { OCD_s.}
23 Crassus rewards a man from Avenio with Roman citizenship.
24 ROM Pompeius and Crassus are elected consuls for the following year.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Verr_1'45, :LegMan_62; Sall:Hist_4'37,L  '42,L  '44-45;L  ~[Liv]:Per_97; ValMax_8.15'8;L  ~Plut:Pomp_21'4-22'2, 44'5, +:Crass_12'1; ~Appian:BCiv_1'121, 3'88; DioCass_77.5'5; { CAH_9'223; OCD_p.}
25 PON << Lucullus captures and loots Cabeira.
* Read Memnon's account
Sall:Hist_4'9-10;L  Memn_30'2; ~Plut:Luc_18'1, 46'1; { McGushin_2'144.}
26 << Mithridates escapes to his father-in-law Tigranes, in Armenia.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:LegMan_22-23; ~[Liv]:Per_97; Joseph:AJ_13'241; Memn_30'1; ~Plut:Luc_19'1; Flor_1.40'18; ~Appian:Mith_82; Eutrop_6.8'4; { CAH_9'238.}
27 CIL The death of M.Antonius, who is given the ironic title of Creticus.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_97; Plut:Ant_1'1; Appian:Sic_6'2;(8)  Schol:Bob_96; { Green_655.}
28 ++ General comments on the character of Antonius, and his unsuccessful campaign against the pirates.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Phil_3'17; Sall:Hist_3'76;L  Tac:Ann_12'62; Plut:Ant_1'1-3, 88'2; Trog:Prol_39.
29 ROM Antonius' debts force his son to renounce his inheritance.
Cic:Phil_2'42, '44.
30 ROM Metellus celebrates a triumph and discharges his soldiers, even though Pompeius and Crassus refuse to disband their armies.
* Read Velleius' account
Sall:Hist_4'43;L  Vell_2.30'1; DioCass_38.5'1, 56.39'2; Eutrop_6.5'2; { CAH_9'791; OCD_m.}
31 Crassus celebrates an ovation, for his victory over Spartacus.
* Read Gellius' account
Cic:Pis_58; Plin:HN_15'125;L  +Plut:Crass_11'8; Gell_5.6'23; Hieron:Chron_1947; { CAH_9'223.}
32 M.Lollius Palicanus campaigns for the full restoration of the tribunes' powers.
Sall:Hist_4'38-41;L  { CAH_9'215; OCD_l.}
33 == The triumph of M.Lucullus, over the Thracians.
Cic:Pis_44; { CAH_9'791; OCD_l.}
34 PON L.Lucullus captures the fortress of Eupatoria.
35 ARM Tigranes allows Mithridates to stay in Armenia, but refuses to meet him.
* Read Memnon's account
Memn_31'1; Plut:Luc_22'1; ~Appian:Mith_82; { CAH_9'791.}
36 ITA << The death of the elder Oppianicus; Sassia alleges that her son Cluentius poisoned him.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Clu_169-178, 188-191; { Dated approximately by Cic:Clu_178-179.}
37 AS1 == Document: ARS_79 (CIL_1.589), a Roman decree confirming privileges granted to Termessus.
38 PEL ?? Document: Sherk_47e,B  an inscription in honour of P.Rutilius Nudus, from Aegium in Achaea.
39 == Document: Sherk_74B  (Syll_748), an inscription in honour of Numerius and M.Cloatius, from Gytheium in Laconia.
40 SIC == Verres subverts the activities of the local censors in Sicily.
41 == Apronius despoils the territory of Aetna, Leontini, and other cities.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.3'76, ~'104-118, '120.
42 ?? Verres alters the terms of the Lex Hieronica, the traditional law governing the taxation of produce in Sicily.
43 ?? Verres increases the corn tax impositions on Agyrium, Herbita, Acesta, Lipara, and other towns.
44 ?? Systematic extortion by Verres diminishes corn production in Sicily.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.3'119-146, '163-205.
45 ?? Verres seizes the possessions of many innocent Sicilians, including Epicrates, Heius, Heraclius, Philocrates, Sopater and Sosippus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'25-27, '35-50, '53-62, '66-75, '80-81, 4'4-20, '27-28, '139, '151.
46 ?? Crimes of Verres relating to statues and other works of art.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'50-52, '118-130, '141-168, 4'1-3, '29-60, '72-135, '185-187; Quint_5.11'7; AmmMarc_15.3'3.
47 ?? Other activities and misdeeds of Verres, as governor of Sicily.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'12-15, '56, _2.1'14, 2'169-171, 5'9-31, '40-41.
48 {? December -R} Verres returns to Rome with a huge amount of booty, after the Sicilians ask for him to be replaced immediately by L.Metellus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.1'113, 2'9-10, '13-15, ~3'45, 5'44.
49 ROM Varro writes a "Commentarius", which provides guidance to Pompeius on the duties of a consul.
~Gell_14.7'1-3; { CAH_9'224.}
50 {29 December -R} The triumph of Pompeius, for his victories in Spain.
* Read Velleius' account
Cic:LegMan_62; #Vell_2.30'1-2, 40'4; Lucan_7'13-19, 8'809-810; Plin:HN_7'96;L  ~Plut:Pomp_22'1, 45'7, :Crass_11'8; SHA:Prob_2'3; Eutrop_6.5'2; Schol:Bob_138;L  { CAH_9'224; OCD_p.}

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