125 B.C. Olympiad 163.4

Consuls: M. Plautius Hypsaeus, M. Fulvius M.f. Flaccus
Athenian archon: Jason

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 SAR << C.Gracchus obtains winter provisions for Orestes' army from the allies of Rome.
~Plut:CGrac_2'2-5; { CAH_9'28<125/4>, '76.}
1a EGY {27 Mecheir -E = March} Document: PTeb_281, a receipt for a tithe for the temple of Souchus.
2 SYR << Demetrius is killed at Tyre.
* Read Josephus' account
~[Liv]:Per_60; Joseph:AJ_13'268; Appian:Syr_68; ~Just_39.1'8; Trog:Prol_39; ~[Euseb]:Chron_257;(↓)  { OCD_d; Green_541.}
3 Cleopatra kills her son Seleucus, after he proclaims himself king.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_50; Appian:Syr_69; ~Just_39.1'9; ~[Euseb]:Chron_257;(↓)  { Green_716.}
4 ROM Flaccus proposes a law to extend Roman citizenship to the Italian allies, but he is opposed by the senate.
* Read Appian's account
+ValMax_9.5'1; +Appian:BCiv_1'21, '34; { CAH_8'240-241; OCD_f.}
5 ETR Fregellae revolts from Rome.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_60; Plut:CGrac_3'1; +Obseq_30; [Vict]:VirIll_65'2; { CAH_8'242; CAH_9'76.}
6 NAR Massilia appeals for help against the Salluvii, and the senate sends out the consul Flaccus.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_60; Tac:Hist_4'73; Flor_1.37'3; +Appian:BCiv_1'34; { CAH_9'24; OCD_f.}
7 SYR Cleopatra sets up Antiochus Grypus as king.
* Read Justin's account
~Just_39.1'9; ~[Euseb]:Chron_257;(↓)  { Green_542.}
8 PAL Alexander Zabinas makes an alliance with Hyrcanus and the Jews.
9 ETR Fregellae is captured and destroyed by the praetor Opimius.
* Read Ammianus' account
[Cic]:RhetHer_4'13, '22, '37; Cic:Planc_70; ~[Liv]:Per_60; Vell_2.6'4; ValMax_2.8'4; Ascon_17;L  +Obseq_30; AmmMarc_25.9'10; { CAH_9'76; OCD_o.}
10 NAR Flaccus defeats the Salluvii.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_60; +Obseq_30; AmmMarc_15.12'5; { CAH_9'24.}
11 ROM The census is conducted by the censors Cn. Servilius Caepio and L.Cassius Longinus, who also bring the Aqua Tepula into Rome.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_60; +Frontin:Aqu_1'8; { CAH_8'505; OCD_cassius.}
12 L.Cassius punishes M.Aemilius with a heavy fine for building an ostentatious house.
* Read Velleius' account
Vell_2.10'1; ValMax_8.1d'7; { CAH_9'77.}
13 The senate refuses to grant a triumph to Opimius.
ValMax_2.8'4; { OCD_o.}
13a {November} Timotheus son of Hyspaosines goes to Seleuceia-on-Tigris.
14 AFR == A plague of locusts causes devastation in Africa and Numidia.
* Read St.Augustine's account
~[Liv]:Per_60; +Obseq_30; August:DeCiv_3'31;(↓)  +Oros_5.11'1-5; { CAH_9'28.}
15 PAL == The birth of Alexander Jannaeus, who is brought up in Galilee.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_13'322, ~'404; { He was 49 years old when he died, in 76 B.C.}
16 AEG << Document: THI_23'C, an inscription recording the building works of Theophrastus, as superintendent of Delos.
17 NAR ?? The wealth of Luerius, father of Bituitus, who rides on a chariot scattering gold and silver for his followers to collect.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_4.152'd-f<q" Poseidon_18>; Strab_4'191.(2.3) 
18 AEG ?? Observations and discoveries made by the astronomer Hipparchus.
Plin:HN_2'57, '95; { ~OCD_h.}
19 SIC ++ General comments on Moschus of Syracuse, the second of the bucolic poets.
Suda_M'1278; { ~OCD_m.}
20 ROM ++ M'.Manilius is regularly consulted as an expert on law and other topics.
Cic:DeOr_3'133; { Manilius appears in Cicero's "De Republica", which is set in 129 B.C.}
21 ++ General comments on the character of C.Laelius "the Wise".
* Read Anon's account
Lucil_200-202; [Cic]:RhetHer_4'19; Cic:Fin_2'24-25, :Tusc_5'55; Plut:CatMin_7'3; { ~OCD_l.}

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