138 B.C. Olympiad 160.3

Consuls: P. Cornelius P.f. Scipio Nasica Serapio, D. Junius M.f. Brutus
Athenian archon: Timarchus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 LUS The Romans refuse to reward Viriathus' murderers.
* Read Eutropius' account
+[Liv]:EpOx_55'200-202;L  Eutrop_4.16'2; Oros_5.4'14, 23'15.
2 Tautalus, the successor of Viriathus, surrenders to the Romans.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_33.1'4; ~Appian:Hisp_75; { CAH_8'140; OCD_v.}
3 SYR ?? Tryphon sends a statue of victory to Rome.
4 ROM The consuls punish C.Matienius and other deserters.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_55, +:EpOx_55'207-209;L  Frontin:Str_4.1'20; { CAH_8'194.}
5 C.Curiatius gives Nasica the nickname Serapio, because of his likeness to a certain slave.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_55; ValMax_9.14'3; Plin:HN_7'54.
6 The tribunes Licinius and Curiatius place the consuls in prison.
* Read Livy's account
+Cic:Leg_3'20;L  +[Liv]:Per_55, +:EpOx_55'202-205;L  { CAH_8'194-195; OCD_scipio.}
7 A dispute between Curiatius and Nasica over the corn supply.
+ValMax_3.7'3; { CAH_8'193; CAH_9'60.}
8 SYR Antiochus VII marries Cleopatra, his brother's wife, and becomes the official king of Syria.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_13'220-222; Appian:Syr_68,b; Just_36.1'9; ![Euseb]:Chron_255;(↓)  Hieron:Chron_1880; ExcBarb_46B; ChronSynt_92; { CAH_8'368; Green_535.}
9 Antiochus drives out Tryphon, who takes refuge in Dora.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
+1Macc_15'1-14; Apollod:Fr_19; Joseph:AJ_13'223; Frontin:Str_2.13'2; Just_36.1'8; { CAH_8'368; OCD_a.}
10 EGY ?? Galaestes gathers together exiles from Egypt and starts a revolt against Ptolemy.
~Diod_33.20'1, 22'1, 23'1.
11 AEG ?? Document: Austin_245B  (OGIS_329), a decree of Aegina in honour of Cleon of Pergamon.
12 LYC ?? Attalus founds the city of Attaleia in Pamphylia.
13 AS1 ?? Attalus attempts to improve the harbour at Ephesus.
14 ?? Attalus settles the Dionysiac artists at Myonnesus, but soon afterwards they migrate to Lebedus.
15 ?? Attalus invents a technique of gold embroidery.
16 ?? Attalus becomes indolent, and hands over the control of his kingdom to Philopoemen.
17 The death of Attalus II of Pergamon, and accession of Attalus III.
* Read Strabo's account
OGIS_264'C; ~Strab_13'624;(4.2)  Plut:Mor_184'B, 489'F-490'A; Lucian:Macr_12; Trog:Prol_36; { CAH_8'376; Green_715.}
18 PER ?? The death of Mithridates I of Parthia and accession of Phraates II.
* Read Justin's account
Just_38.9'6, 41.6'9, ~42.1'1; { CAH_8'371; Green_535.}
19 GRE Document: Burstein_80B  (Syll_683), recording arbitration by Miletus in a dispute between Messenia and Sparta.
20 SPA Popillius attacks the Lusones.
21 SPA Popillius is defeated at Numantia.
* Read Frontinus' account
Lucil_714; ~[Liv]:Per_55, +:EpOx_55'212;L  Frontin:Str_3.17'9; { OCD_n.}
22 ROM ++ Cornelia educates her sons carefully, and employs eminent teachers including Diophanes of Mytilene.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_104; Plut:TGrac_1'7.
23 C.Gracchus joins the Roman army.
24 PAL Antiochus sends Athenobius to demand concessions from Simon.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
1Macc_15'25-36; Joseph:AJ_13'223-224; { CAH_9'285.}
25 PHO ?? Tryphon sacks Berytus.
26 SYR ++ General comments on Tryphon's revolt, and its effect Syrian kingdom.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_14'668,(5.2)  16'752;(2.10)  Porph:Fr_48.
27 Tryphon escapes from Dora, but is killed at Apameia.
* Read Josephus' account
~1Macc_15'37-39; Strab_14'668;(5.2)  ~Joseph:AJ_13'224; Appian:Syr_68; Charax_29; +Hieron:Chron_1879; { CAH_8'369; Green_535.}
28 EGY {2 Hathur -E = 27 Nov.} Document: SelPap_2.377, a tax receipt from Diospolis Magna.
28a MES {December} Hyspaosines attacks the Elamites.
29 == L.Cotta is accused by Scipio Aemilianus of taking bribes, but he is acquitted.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DivCaec_69, :Mur_58; +[Liv]:EpOx_55'210-211;L  ValMax_8.1'11; Tac:Ann_3'66; Appian:BCiv_1'22.
30 == Galba and Laelius speak on opposite sides when a guild is accused of organising a murder in the Silan forest.
+Cic:Brut_85-89; { CAH_9'60-61.}
31 == The birth of L.Sulla.
* Read Velleius' account
~Vell_2.17'3; ~Plut:Sull_6'18; [Vict]:VirIll_75'1; { OCD_s.}
32 GRE ?? Document: Burstein_80,B  a decision by Milesian arbitrators in a dispute between Messene and Sparta.

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