139 B.C. Olympiad 160.2

Consuls: Cn. Calpurnius Piso, M. Popillius M.f. Laenas
Athenian archon: Diocles

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM << The senate authorizes renewal of the war against Viriathus.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_33.1'4; ~Appian:Hisp_70; { CAH_8'134.}
2 SPA << Pompeius agrees to a treaty with the Numantines, after his army suffers severely during the winter.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Rep_3'28; Diod_33.16'1-2; ~[Liv]:Per_54; Vell_2.1'4, 90'3; Flor_1.34'4; ~Appian:Hisp_79; ~Eutrop_4.17'1; Oros_5.4'21; { CAH_8'134; OCD_p.}
3 EGY << Scipio visits Egypt, where his companions privately express their contempt for king Ptolemy.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_6.273'a, 12.549'd-e<q" Poseidon_6>; Cic:Rep_6'11, :Acad_2'5; ~Diod_33.28b'1-4; Strab_17'798;(1.12)  ValMax_4.3'13; Plut:Mor_200'E-201'A; ~Just_38.8'8-11; [Vict]:VirIll_58'7; { CAH_8'540; OCD_s<144/3>.}
4 ROM The senate disowns Pompeius' treaty.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Fin_2'54, :Off_3'109; Vell_2.1'5; ValMax_8.5'1; ~Appian:Hisp_79; { CAH_8'540.}
5 The Chaldaeans and Jews are expelled from Rome.
+[Liv]:EpOx_54'191-192;L  +ValMax_1.3'3; { CAH_8'220; CAH_9'291.}
6 The senate prevents Cn.Scipio from going to Spain.
ValMax_6.3'3; { Scipio was praetor peregrinus in this year - see ValMax_1.3'3.}
7 The voting reform of the Lex Gabinia Tabellaria.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:Leg_3'35,L  :Amic_41; +[Liv]:EpOx_54'193-194;L  Plinius:Ep_3.20'1; { CAH_8'193; OCD_lex.}
8 LUS Negotiations between Viriathus and Popillius.
* Read Dio's account
+Diod_33.19'1; DioCass_fr.75'1.
9 Caepio forces Viriathus to retreat, but his severity makes him unpopular with his own soldiers.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:EpOx_54'195-196;L  ~Appian:Hisp_70; DioCass_fr.78'1-3; { CAH_8'134.}
9a GRE Document: Syll_682, a decree of Delphi in honour of three painters from Pergamon.
10 SYR << Scipio visits Syria.
* Read Strabo's account
Cic:Rep_6'11; ~Diod_33.28b'3; Strab_14'669.(5.2) 
11 MES << Demetrius is captured by the Parthians.
* Read Justin's account
~1Macc_14'2-3; ~Diod_33.28'1; Joseph:AJ_13'186, '218; Appian:Syr_67; Athen_4.153'a; ~Just_36.1'5-6, 38.9'2, 3; Trog:Prol_36, 38; ![Euseb]:Chron_255;(↓)  Oros_5.4'17; Movses_2'2; { CAH_8'368; OCD_d.}
12 GRE << Cleitomachus opens his own school of philosophy at Athens.
* Read Apollodorus' account
~Apollod:Fr_56; DiogLaert_1'19; { OCD_c.}
13 LYC ?? The tyrant Semias is assassinated in Pisidia.
14 PEL << The restoration of the Achaean and other leagues.
+Paus_7.16'10; { Green_525.}
15 LUS ?? Stratagems employed by Viriathus against Segobriga, Segovia, and the Romans.
* Read Frontinus' account
Frontin:Str_2.5'7, 3.10'6, 11'4, 4.5'22.
16 ++ General comments on the cunning and bravery of Viriathus, and his prolonged resistance to the Romans.
* Read Dio's account
Diod_33.1'5; Vell_2.90'3; Flor_1.33'15; DioCass_fr.73'1-4; Just_44.2'7-8.
17 Viriathus is treacherously assassinated by Audas and others.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_33.1'4, 21'1; ~[Liv]:Per_54, +:EpOx_54'197-198;L  Vell_2.1'3; ValMax_9.6'4; Flor_1.33'17; ~Appian:Hisp_74-75; [Vict]:VirIll_71'3-4; ~Eutrop_4.16'2; ~Oros_5.4'14; { CAH_8'134; Green_715.}
18 EGY {10 Panemus = Sept.} Document: PTeb_6, a royal letter guaranteeing temple revenues.
19 AEG Scipio visits Asia and Rhodes, where he meets Panaetius.
Cic:Rep_3'48; Plut:Mor_777'A-B; Lucian:Macr_12; { CAH_8'381.}
20 ROM == The floruit of Accius the tragedian.

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