143 B.C. Olympiad 159.2

Consuls: Ap. Claudius C.f. Pulcher, Q. Caecilius Q.f. Metellus Macedonicus
Athenian archon: Aristophon

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1 BAE << Fabius spends the winter at Corduba.
1a EGY {16 Tybi -E = February} Document: BD_111, record of the decision of a court at Crocodilopolis in a case between Asclapon and Antigone. { The date of this document is not certain; it may instead be 154 B.C.}
2 SPA Outbreak of war between Numantia and Rome.
* Read Florus' account
Flor_1.34'4; ~Appian:Hisp_66, 76; { CAH_8'134; OCD_celtiberian.}
3 SYR ?? The "Wicked Priest" pursues (? and kills) the "Teacher of Righteousness", the leader of the Essenes, who is in exile at Damascus.
Qumran_CD'6, 'B1-B2, 1QpHab'5,(1.13)  '8-12,(2.7-17)  4Q171'4;B  { On the assumption, which is far from certain, that the "Wicked Priest" was Jonathan.}
4 PAL << Jonathan sends an embassy to renew the treaties with Rome and Sparta.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_12'1-23; Joseph:AJ_13'163-173; +Hieron:Chron_1873; { This diplomatic activity may have occurred in the gap between the campaigns of 144 and 143 B.C.}
5 << The Jews of Jerusalem appeal for help to the Jews of Egypt.
6 CIS The Salassi defeat Ap.Claudius.
* Read Dio's account
DioCass_fr.74'1-2; +Obseq_21; +Oros_5.4'7.
7 SPA Metellus subdues the Arevaci.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_53; Frontin:Str_3.7'3, 4.1'11, 7'42; Flor_1.33'13-14; ~Appian:Hisp_76; [Vict]:VirIll_61'3; ~Eutrop_4.16'1; { OCD_m.}
8 LUS Viriathus defeats Claudius Unimanus.
* Read Appian's account
Flor_1.33'16; ~Appian:Hisp_66; [Vict]:VirIll_71'1; ~Oros_5.4'3-6; { CAH_8'133.}
9 PAL Jonathan foils a Syrian night attack near Hamath.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_12'24-34; Joseph:AJ_13'174-180.
10 Jonathan restores the walls and fortifications of Jerusalem.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_12'35-38; Joseph:AJ_13'181-183; { CAH_8'366.}
11 CIS Ap.Claudius subdues the Salassi.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_53; +Oros_5.4'7; { OCD_c.}
12 SPA Metellus besieges Contrebia.
* Read Velleius' account
+[Liv]:EpOx_53'160-163;L  Vell_2.5'2-3; ValMax_2.7'10, 5.1'5, 7.4'5; Frontin:Str_1.1'12, 4.1'23; Plut:Mor_201'F-202'A; Flor_1.33'10; Ampel_18'14; [Vict]:VirIll_61'4.
13 PHO Tryphon lures Jonathan to Ptolemais and captures him.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_12'39-53; Joseph:BJ_1'49, :AJ_13'187-193, 20'239; Sulpit_2'25; { CAH_8'367.}
14 ROM Ap.Claudius holds an unauthorized triumph, with the support of his daughter Claudia, who is a Vestal virgin.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Cael_34; ValMax_5.4'6; Suet:Tib_2'4; DioCass_fr.74'2; +Oros_5.4'7; { CAH_8'192; OCD_c.}
15 PEL << Document: Syll_686, the base of a statue of Polybius at Olympia.
15a ASI << Document: SEG_53.1312.B, a decree of Metropolis in Ionia, in honour of Apollonius.
16 PAL Simon becomes the leader of the Jews.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_13'1-11; MegTaan_6'1; Joseph:AJ_13'194-202; Sulpit_2'26; { CAH_8'367; Green_714.}
17 Tryphon invades Judaea, and attempts to extort a ransom from Simon.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_13'12-21; Joseph:BJ_1'49, :AJ_13'203-208.
18 ROM The senate debates the Roman water supply.
19 == The enactment of the Lex Didia, a law curbing excessive expenditure on luxuries.
~Macrob:Sat_3.17'6;L  { CAH_8'184; CAH_9'59.}
20 == The birth of the orator M.Antonius.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:DeOr_2'364, :Brut_161; { Three years before the birth of Crassus.}
21 == Document: Syll_679, a decree of the senate concerning a dispute between Magnesia and Priene.
22 GRE == Document: Syll_680, a statue of Q.Metellus dedicated by a citizen of Thessalonice.
22 MAC ?? Document: Sherk_36,B  a milestone with the name of Cn.Egnatius, from the Via Egnatia near Thessalonice.
23 PEL << Document: BD_46 (Syll_684), a letter from Q.Fabius to the city of Dyme, describing the suppression of an attempted revolution in the city. { a revised date, as proposed by R.Kallet-Marx, CQ 1995, pp.129-153.}

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