163 B.C. Olympiad 154.2

Consuls: Ti. Sempronius P.f. Gracchus (II), M'. Juventius T.f. Thalna
Athenian archon: Erastus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {13 Intercal. -R = ?January} Document: ARS_33 (Syll_664), a decree of the senate about a shrine belonging to Demetrius of Rhenea at Delos. { For the date of the praetor Q.Minucius, who consulted the senate on behalf of Demetrius, see Walbank_p814.}
2 ROM Ptolemy VI goes to Rome to get support for his restoration to Egypt.
* Read Diodorus' account
~Diod_31.18'1-3; ValMax_5.1'1, 11; [Euseb]:Chron_161.(↓) 
3 {4 April -R = ?February} Document: Ter:Heaut_, "Heauton Timorumenos" by Terentius.
#Hyp:Ter_Heaut; { OCD_t.}
4 << Attalus appears before the senate to defend his brother Eumenes against the accusations of Prusias.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.1'2-8; Diod_31.7'2; { Walbank_p463.}
4a EGY {? March} Document: SelPap_2.271B, a petition from Harmais, a recluse in the Serapeum.
5 SYR A Roman embassy, led by Cn.Octavius, is sent to Syria.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.2'1-14; Appian:Syr_46; Just_34.3'6-8; ~Zonar_9'25;(p361)  { OCD_o; Walbank_p465.}
7 GRE ?? Document: Syll_666, the base of a statue of Carneades at Athens.
8 CAP << The accession of Ariarathes V.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_31.19'8-21'1; ~[Liv]:Per_46; ~Zonar_9'24;(p359)  { CAH_8'334; OCD_a.}
9 PAL ?? The first appearance of the Jewish sect of Essenes.
Qumran_CD'1; { Twenty years before the "Teacher of Righteousness" became prominent in the sect; the date rests on the assumption that the "Teacher of Righteousness" lived at the time of Jonathan.}
10 << Judas attacks Joppa and Iamnia in retaliation for atrocities against their Jewish inhabitants.
11 PEL << The Romans send Gallus to arbitrate in disputes between the Lacedaemonians and Argives, and between the Achaeans and Aetolians.
Paus_7.11'1-3; { CAH_8'320.}
12 ROM An embassy from Ariarathes obtains the renewal of the alliance between Rome and Cappadocia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.3'1-5; ~[Liv]:Per_46; { Walbank_p468.}
13 The censors, Paullus and Philippus, complete the census.
* Read Plutarch's account
~FastCap_p66; ~[Liv]:Per_46; CIL_11.1829; ValMax_7.5'3; Plut:Aem_38'2-9.
14 EGY {? May} Ptolemy VI is restored to the throne of Egypt.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_39.7'5; ~[Liv]:Per_46; { OCD_p; Bennett.}
15 ASI The Rhodians seize Calynda.
~Polyb_31.4'1-5'5; { Walbank_p469.}
16 << The Roman envoy Gallus investigates accusations against Eumenes.
Polyb_31.6'1-6; { CAH_8'318-319; OCD_g.}
17 CAP Two Roman embassies investigate the dispute between Ariarathes and the Galatians.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.7'1-8'8; Strab_12'538-539;(2.8)  { Walbank_p35.}
18 PAL Simon invades Galilee.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_5'9-23; Joseph:AJ_12'327-334; { At the same time as Judas' attack on Timotheus.}
19 {May/June} Judas defeats Timotheus, the leader of the Ammonites.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_5'24-54; 2Macc_8'30-33, 10'14-38, 12'10-31; { Judas returned to Jerusalem for the feast of Pentecost.}
20 EGY The territories of the Ptolemaic kingdom are divided up between Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_31.10'1-5, 39.7'5; Diod_31.20'1, 17c'1; [Liv]:Per_47; Trog:Prol_34; [Euseb]:Chron_163; Zonar_9'25;(p361)  { Green_711; Walbank_p474.}
21 PAL Judas defeats Gorgias near Marisa.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_5'55-68; 2Macc_12'32-45.
22 A night attack by Judas on the Syrian camp near Modin.
* Read 2Maccabees' account
+2Macc_13'9-17; Sulpit_2'23.
23 Antiochus V defeats the Jewish army at Bethzacharia.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
+1Macc_6'18-47; Joseph:BJ_1'41-45, :AJ_12'362-374; Suda_A'2693; { Green_521.}
24 Antiochus agrees peace terms with the defenders of Jerusalem, but afterwards pulls down the walls of the temple.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
THI_86; ~1Macc_6'48-62; 2Macc_11'22-26, 13'18-26; #MegTaan_12'3; Joseph:BJ_1'46, :AJ_12'375-384; { CAH_8'535; Green_521=162.}
24a {Loios -M = ? July} Document: SEG_41.1556, a letter of Antiochus concerning a petition from Iamnia.
25 AEG {15 Audnaeus -M = 15 Epeiph -E = August} Document: OGIS_59, a letter from Ptolemy VI to Apollonius, an officer on the island of Thera.
25a ASI {Gorpiaeus -M} Document: RC_55, a letter from Eumenes to Attis.
26 ROM Ptolemy VIII persuades the senate to award him a larger share of the Ptolemaic territories.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.10'1-10, 12'8; Athen_14.654'd; Trog:Prol_34; ~Zonar_9'25;(p361)  { Walbank_p475.}
27 SAR Thalna dies while performing a sacrifice.
+ValMax_9.12'3; Plin:HN_7'182.
28 ROM Ti.Gracchus makes a small technical error while taking the auspices during elections for new consuls.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:QFr_2.2'1, :ND_2'10-11, :Div_1'33, 2'74; ValMax_1.1'3; Plut:Marc_5'1-4; GranLic_8-9; [Vict]:VirIll_44'2; { Cicero, in the letter to his brother Quintus, implies that this was before Gracchus went to Sardinia.}
29 SYR Antiochus captures and kills the usurper Philippus.
* Read Josephus' account
~1Macc_6'63; 2Macc_9'29; Joseph:AJ_12'386; ChronPasc_440'C; { CAH_8'535.}
30 The Jewish high priest Menelaus is put to death by Antiochus.
* Read 2Maccabees' account
~2Macc_13'3-8; Joseph:AJ_12'384-385, 20'234-235, '237; ChronPasc_440'B-C; !Hieron:Chron_1857; { CAH_8'535; Green_521.}
31 MES {Tashritu -B = October} Document: BabylChron_14, referring to a battle involving the Greek citizens of Babylon.
32 SAR Gracchus puts down a rebellion in Sardinia.
[Vict]:VirIll_57'2; { MRR_1'440.}
33 ROM >> Death of Philippus, son of Perseus.
Polyb_36.10'3; { Walbank_p669.}

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