167 B.C. Olympiad 153.2

Consuls: Q. Aelius P.f. Paetus, M. Junius M.f. Pennus
Athenian archon: Nicosthenes

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1 ROM {15 March -R = ?January} The new consuls enter office; the senate sends out ten envoys to oversee the settlement of Macedonia.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_45.16'1-18'8; SHA:Hadr_5'3; +Obseq_11.
2 Attalus the brother of Eumenes appears before the senate.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_30.1'1-3'8; +Liv_45.19'1-20'3; Eutrop_4.8'2; Zonar_9'24.(p359) 
3 The praetor Juventius urges the Roman people to declare war against the Rhodians.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_30.4'1-6; Diod_31.5'3; +Liv_45.20'4-21'8.
4 The Rhodian envoys address the senate; they are supported by M.Cato.
* Read Gellius' account
~Polyb_30.4'7-5'1; Gell_6.3'5-55<q" Cato:Orig_5'3>; Sall:Cat_51'5; Diod_31.3'1-5'2a; +Liv_45.22'1-25'6; Plin:HN_7'182; DioCass_fr.68'2; Zonar_9'24;(p355)  { CAH_8'457.}
5 AEG The Rhodians are relieved to learn that Rome has not declared war on them; but they are forced to evacuate Caria and Lycia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_30.5'2-16, 31'4-5; Diod_31.5'2b; +Liv_45.25'6-13; DioCass_fr.68'3; Zonar_9'24;(p357)  { CAH_8'337.}
6 AEG {Bysius -G = February/March} Document: Austin_147b,B  the manumission record of Maiphatas and Ammia.
6a EGY {Phamenoth -E = April} Document: AET_6.7, a letter from a soldier to the residents of Djeme.
7 MAC Paullus and the ten envoys announce the division of Macedonia into four independent states.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_30.11'1-13'11; Diod_31.8'1-9; +Liv_45.28'7-32'7;'7;(7.12)  ~Plut:Aem_28'5-6; Just_33.2'7; [Euseb]:Chron_239;(↓)  Eutrop_4.7'3; Suda_Ai'200; { CAH_8'317-318; Green_710.}
8 Paullus holds his victory games at Amphipolis.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_30.14'1, 25'1; Diod_31.8'9, '13; +Liv_45.32'8-33'7; [Liv]:Per_51; ~Plut:Aem_28'7-9, :Mor_198'B, 615'E-F;(Q1.2)  Eutrop_4.7'3; { CAH_8'345.}
8a Document: SEG_64.492, two letters from Paullus, reprimanding the city of Gonni.
9 << Scipio Aemilianus proves his courage while hunting in the royal parks of Macedonia.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_31.29'1-7; Diod_31.27'8.
10 PAL << Apollonius, the general of Antiochus, suppresses his opponents in Jerusalem, and establishes a garrison there.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
1Macc_1'29-40; ~2Macc_5'22-26; Joseph:BJ_1'35, :AJ_12'251-252, 13'292; Suda_A'2693; { Green_514.}
11 ILL Paullus pillages Epirus, sacks seventy cities and carries off 150,000 slaves to Rome.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_30.15'1, 32.5'5-6; +Liv_45.33'8-34'9; Strab_7'322;(7.3)  Plin:HN_4'39; ~Plut:Aem_29'1-30'1; Appian:Ill_9-10;(↓)  DioCass_fr.67'2; Eutrop_4.8'1; { CAH_8'317; OCD_e.}
12 ASI A Roman embassy attempts to arrange an end to the fighting between Eumenes and the Galatians.
12a MAC ?? Document: SEG_56.636, a decree of Larissa in honour of Novius Latinus. { Dated to a year between 170 and 167.}
12b EGY {3 Payni -E = July} Document: SelPap_271A, a petition about prisoners of war.
12c GRE {31 Scirophorion -G = July} Document: Syll_651, an Athenian decree in honour of Diodorus, a friend of Eumenes.
13 << The Athenians send Metrodorus to serve Paullus as a painter and a philosopher.
14 << The death of Agamestor, an Academic philosopher.
+Apollod:Fr_47; { When Xenocles was Athenian archon.}
14a << Document: OGIS_241, a decree of Delphi in honour of Dicaearchus of Laodiceia, a courtier of Antiochus.
15 << Document: Sherk_24B  (Syll_652a), the inscription from a statue of Paullus at Delphi.
15a PEL << Document: Syll_650, the inscription from a statue of Cn.Octavius at Olympia.
15b AEG << Document: THI_99.P, a decree of Cos in honour of the doctor of Cn.Octavius.
16 PEL Over a thousand of the leading Achaeans are deported to Rome.
* Read Pausanias' account
+Liv_45.35'1-2; Paus_7.10'5-12; Just_33.2'8; Zonar_9'31;(p399)  { CAH_8'317; Green_425.}
17 ROM Paullus arrives at Rome.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_31.8'9, 11'2; +Liv_45.35'1-3, 41'7-8; Plut:Aem_30'2-3, 36'5; Appian:Mac_19'2;(35)  Eutrop_4.8'1.
18 A motion to grant a triumph to Paullus is passed, despite the strong opposition of Ser.Galba.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_45.35'4-39'20; [Liv]:Per_45; Vell_1.9'6; Plut:Aem_30'4-32'1; { CAH_8'177; OCD_g.}
19 PAL Antiochus issues a decree forcing the Jews to adopt Hellenic customs and make pagan sacrifices.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_1'41-53; ~2Macc_5'27-6'1, '6; Joseph:BJ_1'34, :AJ_10'275-276, 12'253-254; [Euseb]:Chron_123,(↓)  127;(↓)  ChronPasc_464'B, 509'B; !Hieron:Chron_1848; August:DeCiv_18'45;(↓)  ExcBarb_47A; ChronSynt_67;(↓)  Suda_A'2693; { CAH_8'349=168.}
20 ROM {25 November -R = September} The death of Paullus' younger son.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_31.11'1; +Liv_45.40'7, 41'9, '11; Vell_1.10'5; ValMax_5.10'2; ~Plut:Aem_35'1-2, 36'7, :Mor_198'C; Appian:Mac_19'1, '3;(35)  [Vict]:VirIll_56'4; Zonar_9'24.(p351) 
21 {27 November -R = September} The first day of Paullus' triumph: a display of statues and pictures.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_31.8'10; Plin:HN_34'54; ~Plut:Aem_32'2-4; Flor_1.28'13; { Green_710.}
22 {28 November -R = September} The second day of Paullus' triumph: Perseus' treasury, consisting of more than 6,000 talents of gold and silver, is brought to Rome.
* Read Plutarch's account
Polyb_18.35'4-5; Cic:Off_2'76; Diod_31.8'11, 26'1; Vell_1.9'6, 2.40'3; ValMax_4.3'8; Plin:HN_33'56; ~Plut:Aem_32'5-9; Flor_1.28'13; Suda_L'330.
23 {29 November -R = September} The last day of Paullus' triumph: Perseus and his children are led before the chariot of Paullus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Cat_4'21; Diod_31.8'12, 9'1; +Liv_45.40'1-8; #FastTr_p104; Vell_1.9'5-6; ValMax_5.10'2; Tac:Ann_12'38; ~Plut:Aem_33'1-34'8, :Mor_198'B; Flor_1.28'12-13; Eutrop_4.8'1; Oros_4.20'39; Zonar_9'24.(p351) 
24 {1 December -R = September} The "naval" triumph of Octavius.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_31.8'10; +Liv_45.42'2-3; #FastTr_p104; Vell_1.9'5; Plin:HN_34'13.
25 {2 December -R = September} The death of Paullus' elder son.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Tusc_3'70, :Sen_68, :Amic_9, :Fam_4.6'1; Diod_31.11'1; +Liv_45.40'7, 41'9, '11; Vell_1.10'5; ValMax_5.10'2; ~Plut:Aem_35'1-2, :Mor_198'C; Appian:Mac_19'1;(35)  [Vict]:VirIll_56'4; Zonar_9'24.(p351) 
26 Paullus' speech to the people on the death of his sons.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_31.11'1-3; +Liv_45.40'9-42'1; Vell_1.10'4; ValMax_5.10'2; Sen:Dial_6.13'3-4, 11.14'5; ~Plut:Aem_35'3-37'1, :Tim_41'10,(2)  :Mor_198'C; Appian:Mac_19'2-3;(35)  Ampel_18'13; [Vict]:VirIll_56'4-5; Zonar_9'24.(p351) 
27 ETR Perseus is emprisoned at Alba Fucens.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_31.9'1-7; +Liv_45.42'4-5; ~Plut:Aem_37'2, '4; Ampel_16'4; [Euseb]:Chron_239; AmmMarc_14.11'31; Oros_4.20'40; Zonar_9'24.(p353) 
28 The Achaean detainees are distributed amongst the Etruscan cities; but the historian Polybius is allowed to stay at Rome, where he becomes the mentor of Scipio Aemilianus.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_31.23'1-25'10, 29'8-12; Diod_31.26'4-27'2; Paus_7.10'11; Suda_P'184, P'1941; { Walbank_p497.}
29 ROM An embassy from Cotys the king of the Thracians persuades the senate to release his son Bithys and other Thracian hostages.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_30.17'1-4; +Liv_45.42'6-12; { CAH_8'319=166; Walbank_p440.}
30 The senate agrees to Athenian control of Lemnos, Haliartus, and Delos, which becomes a free port.
* Read Polybius' account
Syll_657; ~Polyb_30.19'17-20'9, 31.10'12, 32.7'2; Strab_10'486;(5.4)  { CAH_8'318; OCD_rhodes.}
31 The Rhodian envoy Theaedetus dies at Rome, while waiting for the senate to make a decision about the alliance with Rhodes.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_30.21'1-5, 31'8; { Theaedetus was sent off to Rome in May/June of this year (Walbank_p422).}
32 {17 February -R = ?December} The triumph of Anicius, over Genthius and the Illyrians.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_30.22'1-12; Diod_31.8'10; +Liv_45.43'1-10; #FastTr_p104; Vell_1.9'5; Eutrop_4.8'2.
33 {24 February -R = ?December} The beginning of an intercalary month at Rome.
34 Prusias visits Rome, and congratulates the senate on the victory in Macedonia.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_30.18'1-7; Diod_31.15'1-3; +Liv_45.44'4-21; [Liv]:Per_45; ValMax_5.1'1; Appian:Mith_2; DioCass_fr.69'1; Eutrop_4.8'2; Zonar_9'24;(p357)  { CAH_8'534.}
35 ITA >> Eumenes arrives at Brundisium, but he returns home after the Roman senate issues a decree discouraging visits by kings.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_30.19'1-17; Diod_31.7'1; ~[Liv]:Per_46; Just_38.6'4; { CAH_8'534; Green_447.}
36 PAL {15 Kislev -J = December} The Syrians set up the "abomination of the desolation" in the temple at Jerusalem.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
Daniel_7'25, 8'9-14, 9'27, 11'31-39; #1Macc_1'54-58; 2Macc_6'2-5; Joseph:BJ_1'32, 5'394, :AJ_12'253; Porph:Fr_51, 53, 58; [Euseb]:Chron_127;(↓)  !Hieron:Chron_1848; August:DeCiv_18'45;(↓)  Malal_206-207; ExcBarb_46A; Suda_B'202; { Green_516.}
37 {25 Kislev -J = December} Pagan sacrifices are performed at Jerusalem and throughout Judaea, with brutal punishment for any resistance.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
#1Macc_1'59-64; 2Macc_6'7-10; Diod_34.1'4; 4Macc_4'23-26; Joseph:AJ_12'255-256; Sulpit_2'19;(↓)  August:DeCiv_18'45;(↓)  { Green_515.}

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