183 B.C. Olympiad 149.2

Consuls: Q. Fabius Q.f. Labeo, M. Claudius M.f. Marcellus
Athenian archon: Hermogenes
Achaean General: Philopoemen (VIII), Lycortas (II)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 GRE {11 Poseideon -G = Dec./Jan.} Document: Syll_474, an Athenian decree in honour of Aristocreon of Seleuceia.
1a ROM << Deinocrates, an envoy from Messene, seeks to gain the support of Flamininus.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_23.5'1-13; Nepos_23.12'1-2; Plut:Flam_17'7; { CAH_8'197.}
2 Demetrius returns to Macedonia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_23.7'1-8'7; +Liv_39.53'1-16; { Green_708.}
2a GRE {13 Elaphebolion -G = March/April} Document: IG_2³.1292, an Athenian decree in honour of Cephisodorus.
3 CIS The Romans expel the Gauls who had settled near Aquileia.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_39.54'1-55'4; ~Zonar_9'21.(p331) 
4 SPA A.Terentius defeats the Celtiberi in the territory of the Ausetani.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_39.56'1-3; +Obseq_4; { CAH_8'531.}
5 PON Pharnaces captures Sinope.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_23.9'2; Strab_12'545,(3.11)  '546;(3.11)  { CAH_8'328; OCD_s.}
5b CRE {Panemos -M} Document: Syll_627, a treaty between Eumenes and the cities of Crete.
6 PEL << A dispute between Philopoemen and the Achaean general Archon.
~Polyb_22.19'1-4; { See Walbank, p.209.}
7 GRE << Document: Syll_613, a decree of the Amphictyonic Council in honour of Nicostratus of Larissa.
8 SIC Omens, including the appearance of a new island near Sicily.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_39.56'6; +Obseq_4; +Oros_4.20'30.
9 ROM ?? P.Scipio visits the temple of Jupiter on the Capitol before making important decisions.
* Read Gellius' account
ValMax_1.2'2; Gell_6.1'6; [Vict]:VirIll_49'2-3; August:DeCiv_3'21.
10 ++ L.Scipio Asiaticus adopts a Greek style of dress, as is shown by a statue of him.
11 ITA << P.Scipio learns of the death of his brother L.Scipio, while staying at Liternum.
12 ?? Scipio plants an olive tree at Liternum, which survives for at least 250 years.
Plin:HN_1'16,L  16'234.L 
13 ?? A band of robbers pays homage to Scipio at Liternum.
14 ?? Scipio is the first Roman to wear a sardonyx gem.
15 ?? P.Licinius makes an apt remark when Scipio's chaplet breaks.
16 ?? A saying of Scipio about the advantages of being alone.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Rep_1'27, :Off_3'1; Plut:Mor_196'B.
17 ?? Other sayings of Scipio.
Cic:DeOr_2'262; ValMax_7.2'2.
18 ++ General comments on the character of Scipio Africanus, his greatness and his self-imposed exile at Liternum.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_10.2'1-3'2, 40'7-9; Cic:Rep_6'9-10, :Off_3'2, '4; Liv_45.38'7; Strab_5'243;(4.4)  Plut:CatMai_24'11, :Mor_812'A; Gell_4.18'1; DioCass_fr.63'1.
19 The death of Scipio Africanus.
* Read Livy's account
Lucr_3'1034-1035; ~Cic:Sen_19; Liv_38.53'8-11, 56'1-4, +39.52'1-9; ValMax_5.3'2, 6.7'1; Plin:HN_7'114; ~Just_32.4'9; [Vict]:VirIll_49'18-19; August:DeCiv_3'21; +Oros_4.20'29; Zonar_9'20,(p323)  '21;(p331)  { CAH_8'180; OCD_s.}
20 ROM Document: Ennius:Fr_p400'1-6, an epitaph for Scipio.
* Read Suda's account
Cic:Leg_2'57;L  ValMax_8.14'1; Suda_A'3213<q" Aelian:Fr_116>.
21 PEL The magistrates of the Achaean League refuse to hold an assembly for Flamininus.
~Polyb_23.5'13-6'3; { CAH_8'298.}
22 CIS << The Romans found colonies at Mutina and Parma.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_39.55'5-9; Mela_2'60; { CAH_8'114; OCD_m.}
23 ROM {March -R = ?November} The new consuls enter office, and the senate receives envoys from Eumenes, Pharnaces, and Philippus, and from Rhodes, Sparta and the Achaeans.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_23.9'1-15; +Liv_40.1'1-8, 2'6-3'2; { CAH_8'298, '328.}
24 {20 April -R = ?December} Omens, including damage caused by a severe storm at Rome.
* Read Livy's account
#Liv_40.2'1-5; +Obseq_5.
25 PON ?? Prusias I captures Cierus and Tius, and attacks Heracleia.
26 ?? Hannibal defeats the fleet of Eumenes by throwing pots full of poisonous snakes onto his ships.
* Read Nepos' account
Nepos_23.10'3-11'7; Frontin:Str_4.7'10-11; Just_32.4'6-7; { Green_425.}
27 ?? Hannibal founds the city of Prusa in Bithynia.
28 ++ General comments on the character of Hannibal, his brilliance as a general and his hatred of Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_23.13'1-2; Diod_23.22'1, 26.2'1; Nepos_23.1'3; ValMax_9.3e'3; Frontin:Str_4.3'7; Plut:Marc_33'2; Juvenal_10'147-150; Plut:Mor_812'E; Polyaen_6.38'2; Lucian:DMort_12'1-7.
29 Hannibal commits suicide after being surrounded by soldiers belonging to T.Flamininus.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Nepos_23.12'3-13'1; +Liv_39.50'10-51'12; Silius_13'890-893; Juvenal_10'159-167; Plut:Flam_20'1-21'1, 21'6-9, '14; Appian:Syr_11; Paus_8.11'10-11; Arrian:Fr_28; Ampel_34'2; ~Just_32.4'8-12; [Vict]:VirIll_42'6; Eutrop_4.5'2; !Hieron:Chron_1831; +Oros_4.20'29; Suda_A'2452; ~Zonar_9'21;(p331)  { CAH_8'328; OCD_h.}
30 Prusias and Eumenes agree peace terms.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_22.20'8; Strab_12'564;(4.3)  { CAH_8'325; OCD_e.}
31 MAC Philippus sends colonists from central Macedonia to Emathia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_23.10'1-17; ~Liv_40.3'3-4'15.

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