226 B.C. Olympiad 138.3

Consuls: M. Valerius M'.f. Messalla, L. Apustius L.f. Fullo
Athenian archon: Theophilus
Achaean General: Hyperbatas

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {20 Choiak -E = February} Document: BD_77B, a letter from Peteimuthes, concerning preparations for the Ptolemaeeia.
1a {24 Tybi -E = March} Document: SelPap_1.72A, a receipt issued by a charioteer for horses and other goods.
2 MAC << The Megalopolitans send an embassy to Antigonus, with the consent of Aratus.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_2.47'3-50'9; Plut:Arat_38'11-12; { CAH_7.1'459-462; Errington_p100.}
2a PEL The council of the Achaean League decides against an alliance with Antigonus, because it would involve the surrender of Corinth.
3 AEG << The Colossus of Rhodes is broken by an earthquake which devastates various parts of the Aegean.
* Read Polybius' account
Syll_505; THI_161'19-21; Polyb_5.88'1-90'8; ~Diod_26.8'1; Strab_14'652;(2.5)  ~Plin:HN_34'41; Paus_2.7'1; Just_30.4'3-4; +ChronPasc_432'A; !Hieron:Chron_1793; Oros_4.13'13; Malal_190, 279; { CAH_7.1'433; Errington_p124.}
4 PEL Aratus defeats and captures Megistonous at Orchomenus.
Plut:Arat_38'1; { CAH_7.1'463; Green_701.}
5 EGY {19 Pachon -E = July} Document: SelPap_2.256, a judgement by a court of ten judges at Crocodilopolis.
6 THR Antiochus Hierax is killed by a band of Gauls.
* Read Phylarchus' account
Phylarch_49; Polyb_5.74'4; Plin:HN_8'158; Just_27.3'11; Trog:Prol_27; [Euseb]:Chron_253; { CAH_7.1'429; Errington_p124=228.}
7 PEL Cleomenes captures Mantineia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_2.58'1-10; ~Plut:Cleom_14'1, :Arat_39'1; { CAH_7.1'463.}
8 Cleomenes heavily defeats the Achaeans at the battle of Hecatombaeum.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Polyb_2.51'3; ~Plut:Cleom_14'4-5, :Arat_39'1; Paus_2.7'4, 9'2, 7.7'3; { CAH_7.1'463.}
9 SYR ?? Seleucus founds a new quarter at Antioch.
9b ?? Seleucus brings a statue of Isis from Egypt, and displays it in Antioch.
10 The death of Seleucus II, who is succeeded by his son Seleucus III.
* Read BabylonianChronicle's account
BabylChron_10'R7-9, +BM.35603'O15-R1; IM.65066; Polyb_4.48'6, 5.40'5; Appian:Syr_66; Just_27.3'12; Trog:Prol_27; Porph:Fr_44; ~[Euseb]:Chron_251, 253, 263; +Hieron:Chron_1791; Sulpit_2'19; { CAH_7.1'429; Errington_p112; according to G.R.F.Assar, the date was December 225.}
11 SPA >> Hasdrubal agrees to a treaty with the Romans, setting the river Ebro as the boundary between their spheres of influence.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_2.13'3-7, ~22'9-11, 3.27'9, 30'3; Liv_21.2'7, 18'9, 34.13'7; Strab_3'159;(4.6)  Silius_1'479-480; Flor_1.22'4; ~Appian:Hisp_7, :Hann_2, :Pun_6; Zonar_8'21;(p55)  { CAH_8'28-31; OCD_h.}
12 ROM >> M.Marcellus as aedile punishes the tribune (or aedile?) C.Scantinius.
* Read Plutarch's account
ValMax_6.1'7; Plut:Marc_2'3-8; { The date can be calculated approximately from the fact that Marcellus was consul in 222 B.C.}
13 >> A Greek and a Gaul are buried alive at Rome, to allay fears of a Gallic invasion.
* Read Plutarch's account
Liv_22.57'6; Plin:HN_28'12;L  Plut:Marc_3'6-7, :Mor_283'F; MinFel:Oct_30'4; DioCass_fr.50'1; ~Oros_4.13'3-4; ~Zonar_8'19.(p41) 

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