227 B.C. Olympiad 138.2

Consuls: P. Valerius L.f. Flaccus, M. Atilius M.f. Regulus
Athenian archon: Leochares
Achaean General: Aratus (X)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 GRE {30 Anthesterion -G = March} Document: Syll_496, an Athenian decree in honour of Timosthenes.
1a PEL Aratus is elected general for the tenth time.
~Plut:Arat_35'7; { CAH_7.1'457.}
1b GRE {Thargelion -G = May/June} Document: IG_2³.1137.1 (Syll_535), an Athenian decree in honour of Eumaridas of Cydonia.
1c << Document: IG_2³.1141, an Athenian decree in honour of Apollas, a resident foreigner.
1d ASI ?? Document: THI_108, a decree of Miletus concerning its colony in Cius.
2 PAL << Onias II becomes Jewish high priest.
* Read Josephus' account
~Joseph:AJ_12'157; ~ChronPasc_424'C, 428'C, ~464'B; !Hieron:Chron_1809; ExcBarb_35B, 47A; Syncell_325; ~ChronSynt_95;(↓)  { Hieronymus has clearly miscalculated Onias' date: according to tradition, his predecessor Manasses was high priest for 26 years.}
3 PEL Cleomenes defeats Aratus in a battle by Mt. Lycaeum.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Polyb_2.51'3, 55'2; ~Plut:Cleom_5'1, ~:Arat_36'1-2; { CAH_7.1'457; OCD_c.}
4 SYR << Stratonice leads a rebellion at Antioch, but is captured and killed by Seleucus.
Joseph:Ap_1'206-208<q" Agatharch>; { Green_264.}
5 MES << Antiochus ambushes Andromachus, the general of Seleucus.
Polyaen_4.17'1; { Green_264.}
6 GRE Aratus seizes Mantineia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_2.57'1-8, 4.8'4; ~Plut:Cleom_5'1, ~:Arat_36'2-3; Paus_2.8'6, 8.8'11; { CAH_7.1'457; Green_700.}
7 Cleomenes kills his opponent Archidamus.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_5.37'1-6, 8.35'3-5; ~Plut:Cleom_5'2-3, :CGrac_24'2; Paus_2.9'1; { CAH_7.1'457; Green_250.}
8 MAC Antigonus Doson officially assumes the title of king of Macedonia.
* Read Justin's account
Plut:Aem_8'3; ~Just_28.3'11-16; [Euseb]:Chron_237;(↓)  { CAH_7.1'508.}
9 MES Seleucus defeats his brother Antiochus.
* Read Justin's account
~Just_27.3'6-7; Trog:Prol_27; { Green_264.}
10 CAP Antiochus takes refuge with Ariamenes, but moves on after learning that he is being plotted against.
* Read Justin's account
~Just_27.3'7-10; Trog:Prol_27; +[Euseb]:Chron_253; { OCD_ant.}
11 ASI Antigonus Doson campaigns in Caria.
* Read Polybius' account
THI_31.A'12-13; (?) Polyb_20.5'4-11; ~Trog:Prol_28; { CAH_7.1'460; Errington_p98.}
12 PEL Cleomenes defeats the Achaeans at Ladoceia, where Lydiades is killed.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Polyb_2.51'3, 55'2; ~Plut:Cleom_6'1-7, ~:Arat_37'1-4, :Mor_552'B; Paus_2.7'4; { CAH_7.1'458; Errington_p99.}
13 Cleomenes has the ephors killed.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Cleom_7'1-9'7, :CGrac_23'2-3, 24'2, ~:Arat_38'4; { Green_257.}
14 Cleomenes reforms the Spartan constitution, and attempts to reimpose more frugal habits.
* Read Plutarch's account
Athen_4.142'b-f<q" Phylarch_44>; Polyb_4.81'2, 14; ~Plut:Cleom_10'1-11'5, :CGrac_24'2, ~:Arat_38'4; Paus_2.9'1; (?) Suda_L'824; { CAH_7.1'458-459; Errington_p99.}
15 The Achaeans blame Aratus for the death of Lydiades, and deny him access to public funds.
~Plut:Arat_37'5; { CAH_7.1'458.}
16 Cleomenes invades the territory of Megalopolis.
17 SPA << The inhabitants of Saguntum send an embassy to Rome, and agree an alliance.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_3.30'1; ~Appian:Hisp_7, :Hann_2, :Pun_6; August:DeCiv_3'20;(↓)  { CAH_8'25-26.}
18 ROM >> The number of praetors is increased to four.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_20; Justin:Dig_1.2.2'32<q" Pomponius>; { CAH_7.2'438; OCD_p?228.}

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