255 B.C. Olympiad 131.2

Consuls: Ser. Fulvius M.f. Paetinus Nobilior, M. Aemilius M.f. Paullus
Athenian archon: Cleomachus
Achaean General: Margus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {18 Dius -M = 18 Hathur -E = Jan.} Document: SelPap_1.90 (PCairZen_59154), a letter from Apollonius to Zenon.
2 AFR << Inconclusive negotiations between Regulus and the Carthaginians.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.31'1-8; Diod_23.12'1, 15'1-2; Liv_30.30'23; ValMax_6.6'2; DioCass_fr.43'22-23; ~Eutrop_2.21'4; August:DeCiv_3'18;(↓)  ~Oros_4.9'1; ~Zonar_8'13;(p427)  { CAH_7.2'669; OCD_r.}
3 << The Carthaginians appoint Xanthippus as their general.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.32'1-9; Diod_23.13'1, 14'1, 15'7; [Liv]:Per_18; Silius_2'433-434, 6'302-313; Flor_1.18'23; Appian:Pun_3; ~Eutrop_2.21'4; ~Oros_4.9'2; ~Zonar_8'13;(p429)  { CAH_7.2'556.}
4 Regulus writes to the Roman senate asking for another commander to be sent to replace him.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_18; ValMax_4.4'6; Sen:Dial_12.12'5; Frontin:Str_4.3'3; ~Zonar_8'13.(p429) 
4a EGY << Document: BD_114, a letter of complaint from a non-Greek to Zenon.
5 EXT << Diodotus becomes king of Bactria.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_11'515,(9.2)  '516,(11.1)  15'686;(1.3)  ~Just_41.4'5; Trog:Prol_41; { OCD_d; Green_330?250.}
6 PON ?? A cook prepares a dish of artificial fish for Nicomedes, because fresh fish is not available.
Athen_1.7'd-f<q" Euphron>.
7 ?? Nicomedes' dog bites his wife Consingis.
Plin:HN_8'144; Arrian:Fr_29.
8 << The death of Nicomedes king of Bithynia, leaving his sons by Etazeta as his heirs.
* Read Memnon's account
Plin:HN_8'157; Memn_14'2-3; { CAH_7.1'425?250; OCD_n.}
9 GRE << Antigonus restores the "liberty" of the Athenians.
* Read Pausanias' account
Paus_3.6'6; +Hieron:Chron_1762; { CAH_7.1'502; Green_640.}
10 GRE << Document: Burstein_61,B  a decree from Rhamnus in honour of Apollodorus. { The date depends on a dubious restoration of the name of the Athenian archon.}
11 PEL ++ Acrotatus attends luxurious banquets, contrary to Spartan traditions.
Athen_4.141'f-142'b<q" Phylarch_44>.
12 ?? Acrotatus king of Sparta is killed while attacking Megalopolis; Leonidas II becomes regent.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Agis_3'7-8, 11'6; Paus_8.27'11, 30'7; { CAH_7.1'231; Green_695=262/1; see comment on Syll_430.}
13 NUM << Calpurnius Crassus is captured by the Massylii, but he is rescued by Bisaltia, the king's daughter.
Plut:Mor_311'C; { This is clearly unhistorical.}
14 AFR Xanthippus defeats and captures Regulus.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.33'1-35'10; Diod_23.14'2, 15'1-11; Liv_28.43'17-19; ~[Liv]:Per_18; Frontin:Str_2.2'11, 3'10; Silius_2'340-343, 4'358-360, 6'313-345, 9'66-69; Flor_1.18'22-23; Appian:Pun_3; Ampel_14'9; August:DeCiv_3'18;(↓)  ~Oros_4.9'3, 10'1; ~Zonar_8'13;(p431)  { CAH_7.2'556; OCD_r.}
15 ++ General remarks on Regulus' invasion of Africa, and his defeat.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.82'8; Diod_24.13'1; Liv_28.42'1; Silius_6'74-75, '129-137.
16 The Carthaginians besiege Aspis.
17 PEL Margus is elected the first sole general of the Achaean League.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_2.43'1-2; Strab_8'385;(7.3)  { CAH_7.1'244; OCD_a.}
18 SIC {May?} The Romans defeat the Carthaginian fleet near the Hermaean promontory.
* Read Zonaras' account
+Polyb_1.36'5, '8-12; Diod_23.18'1; Liv_42.20'1; +Eutrop_2.22'1-2; +Oros_4.9'5-6; +Zonar_8'14;(p433)  { CAH_7.2'557.}
19 AFR The Romans defeat Hanno near Aspis.
* Read Zonaras' account
+Oros_4.9'7; +Zonar_8'14;(p435)  { CAH_7.2'557.}
20 SIC The Roman fleet is wrecked in a storm near Camarina.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.37'1-10; Diod_23.18'1; [Liv]:Per_18; +Eutrop_2.22'3; +Oros_4.9'8; +Zonar_8'14;(p435)  { CAH_7.2'557.}
21 AFR Xanthippus leaves Carthage and returns home to Sparta.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.36'1-4; ValMax_9.6e'1; Silius_6'680-683; Appian:Pun_4; ~Oros_4.9'4; ~Zonar_8'13;(p433)  { OCD_x.}
22 SIC The Carthaginians send Hasdrubal to command their army in Sicily.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.38'1-5; +Zonar_8'14;(p435)  { ~CAH_7.2'559.}
23 EGY {12 Dius -M = December} Document: SelPap_1.92, a letter from Platon to Zenon.
24 ?? Document: SelPap_2.202 & 2.207, containing some civic laws of Alexandria and royal ordinances.
25 ?? General remarks on the career of the poet Alexander the Aetolian.
Suda_A'1127; { ~OCD_a.}
26 ROM Aemilius constructs the columna rostrata at Rome.
27 << Document: THI_241.B, the 13th rock edict of Asoka.

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