269 B.C. Olympiad 127.4

Consuls: Q. Ogulnius L.f. Gallus, C. Fabius C.f. Pictor
Athenian archon: (?) Peithidemus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM << Rome suffers an extremely cold winter.
* Read Zonaras' account
August:DeCiv_3'17;(↓↓)  ~Zonar_8'6.(p371) 
1a EGY {4 Hathyr -E = January} Document: AET_7.29.A, a contract made by a father to have the body of his son embalmed.
2 SYR << The completion of the construction of Antioch.
~Malal_208; { Thirty years after the founding of the city, according to Malalas.}
3 EGY << The foundation of the city of Arsinoe (Cleopatris) in Egypt.
@  (?) THI_258'20-21; (?) Suda_L'691; { Hölbl_p56.}
4 << Ptolemy constructs a canal between the delta of the river Nile and the Red Sea.
THI_258'12, +'16-17, '24; Diod_1.33'11-12; Strab_17'804;(1.25)  Plin:HN_6'165-166; { Hölbl_p56; it appears that preparatory work took place in 280/79 B.C.}
5 << Ptolemy sends out elephant-hunters, who found the cities of Philotera and Ptolemais in the country of the Troglodytes.
* Read Strabo's account
+THI_258'21-25, 85.9bis; OGIS_54; Agatharch_1, 57; Strab_16'769,(4.5)  '770,(4.7)  17'789;(1.5)  Plin:HN_2'183, 6'167-168, '171, 9'6.L 
5a GRE ?? Timon of Phlius moves to Athens.
DiogLaert_9'110; { Timon lived in Chalcedon for some time before moving to Athens.}
5b ?? Crates becomes a pupil and close associate of Polemon.
* Read Diogenes' account
Phld:Acad_15;B  ClemAl:Strom_1'14;(↓)  DiogLaert_4'21-22.
6 ?? Sayings of Polemon, addressed to Zenon and others.
* Read Diogenes' account
Plut:Mor_462'D; DiogLaert_7'25.
7 ++ General remarks on the character and beliefs of Polemon.
* Read Diogenes' account
Phld:Acad_13-15;B  Athen_2.44'e; DiogLaert_4'17-20; Suda_P'1887.
8 << The death of Polemon, the Academic philosopher.
* Read Diogenes' account
Phld:Acad_Q;B  Lucil_822-823; DiogLaert_4'20; !Hieron:Chron_1749; August:DeCiv_19'1;(↓↓)  { OCD_p.}
8a << Document: IG_2³.4.532 (Syll_1090), a dedication by an Athenian agonothete.
8b ?? Antigonus Gonatas captures Megara.
* Read Polyaenus' account
THI_118'14-18; Polyaen_4.6'3; Aelian:NA_11'14, 16'36; { shortly before the start of the Chremonidean War.}
9 PEL ?? Pyrrhon refuses to be worried when caught in a storm at sea.
* Read Diogenes' account
Plut:Mor_82'E-F; DiogLaert_9'68.
10 ?? Pyrrhon criticises one of his pupils for providing lavish meals.
11 ++ The character and teachings of the philosopher Pyrrhon of Elis.
* Read Diogenes' account
Paus_6.24'5; Lucian:Vit_27; Gell_11.5'4; DiogLaert_9'61-69; Suda_P'3238, S'829; { Green_606.}
12 EGY ?? Ctesibius invents a pneumatic pump, a water organ, and other devices.
* Read Vitruvius' account
Vitr_9.8'2-4; Plin:HN_7'125; !Athen_4.174'b-e; { ~OCD_c.}
12a ASI ?? Incidents from the raids by bands of Gauls in Asia Minor.
* Read Strabo's account
Syll_410'10-20; Austin_168;B  AnthPal_7.492<q" Anyte>; Strab_12'573;(8.7)  Paus_10.30'9, 32'4.
12b ?? Demonice offers to betray Ephesus to the Gauls.
Plut:Mor_309'B-C; { Like the other stories in the "Parallela Minora", this is probably a later invention.}
13 << Antiochus defeats the Gauls in the "elephant battle".
* Read Appian's account
Appian:Syr_65; Lucian:Laps_9, :Zeux_8-12; Trog:Prol_25; Suda_S'443; { CAH_7.1'416; Errington_116.}
13a SIC Hieron captures Halaesa and several other cities from the Mamertines.
~Diod_22.13'2; { CAH_7.2'539.}
14 Hieron defeats the Mamertines by the river Longanus.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.9'6-8; ~Diod_22.13'2-8; { CAH_7.2'539; OCD_h=265.}
15 The Carthaginian general Hannibal persuades the Mamertines not to surrender.
~Diod_22.13'7-8; { CAH_7.2'539.}
15a GRE {9 Metageitnion -G = August} Document: IG_2³.912 (Syll_434-435), a decree of Chremonides about the alliance between Athens and Sparta. { Errington_p88-89=268; when Peithidemus was archon.}
16 ITA The consuls suppress a Samnite brigand called Lollius, and campaign against the Caraceni.
* Read Dionysius' account
DionHal_20.17'1-2; +Zonar_8'7.(p371) 
17 SIC Hieron assumes the title of king of Syracuse.
* Read Polybius' account
Plaut:Men_411; Polyb_1.9'8, ~7.8'1-4; ~Diod_22.13'8; Lucian:Macr_10; Just_23.4'2; { OCD_h; Green_224.}
18 ETR War breaks out between the Picentes and Rome.
+Eutrop_2.16'1; { CAH_7.2'425.}
19 ASI == The birth of Attalus, the future king of Pergamon.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_18.41'8; ~Liv_33.21'1; { OCD_a; Green_694.}
20 ROM >> The Romans use silver coinage for the first time.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_15; +Plin:HN_33'44; ChronPasc_428'A; !Hieron:Chron_1747; Zonar_8'7;(p373)  { CAH_7.2'416.}

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