272 B.C. Olympiad 127.1

Consuls: L. Papirius L.f. Cursor (II), Sp. Carvilius C.f. Maximus (II)
Athenian archon: Lysitheides
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Perigenes of Alexandria

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {17 February -R} The triumph of Claudius Canina, over the Lucanians, Samnites, and Bruttii.
1a GRE Document: Syll_417, a decree of the Amphictyons in honour of Satyrus, Teisander and Phaenion.
2 PEL Cleonymus asks Pyrrhus to intervene against Sparta.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pyrrh_26'14-19; Paus_1.13'4-5, 3.6'3, 4.29'6; ~Just_25.4'1-5; Oros_4.2'7; { CAH_7.1'224; CAH_7.2'483.}
3 Pyrrhus' expedition to the Peloponnese is the starting point of Phylarchus' history.
4 Negotiations between Pyrrhus and Sparta.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pyrrh_26'19-24, :Mor_219'F; Paus_1.13'6; Polyaen_6.6'2.
5 << Cleon, tyrant of Sicyon, is assassinated.
* Read Pausanias' account
Plut:Arat_2'1; Paus_2.8'1-2; { There is no evidence for the date of Cleon's death, but it may have been part of the disturbances preceding Pyrrhus' attack on Sparta.}
6 AEG ?? The death of the writer Sopater of Paphos.
Athen_2.71'b; { ~OCD_s.}
7 ?? Theocritus becomes a pupil of Philetas, probably while staying in Cos.
Vit:Theoc_1, 2; { ~OCD_p.}
8 ?? Document: Theoc_7, a poem by Theocritus which is set in Cos.
Schol:Theoc_7; { Theocritus stayed in Cos before moving on to Alexandria, where he was writing before 270 B.C.}
9 EGY << Document: Lycoph_, the "Alexandra" of Lycophron.
Vit:Lycoph_1; { OCD_l; Green_177.}
10 ++ General comments on the life and writings of the poet Lycophron.
* Read Suda's account
Vit:Lycoph_1; Suda_L'827.
11 PEL Pyrrhus attacks Sparta, but is repulsed.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pyrrh_27'1-29'10; Paus_1.13'6, 7.8'5; Polyaen_8.49'1; ~Just_25.4'6-9; Trog:Prol_25; { CAH_7.1'224.}
12 King Areus crosses over from Crete, and raises the siege of Sparta.
Plut:Pyrrh_29'11-30'1; { OCD_a; Errington_p87.}
13 ITA A Carthaginian fleet sails up to Tarentum, but leaves without taking any action.
* Read Zonaras' account
~[Liv]:Per_14; DioCass_fr.43'1; ~Oros_4.3'1-2, 5'2; ~Zonar_8'6,(p369)  '8;(p379)  { CAH_7.2'537.}
14 Papirius seizes part of Bruttium, and captures Tarentum.
* Read Zonaras' account
Liv_26.39'10; DionHal_20.15'1-2; ~[Liv]:Per_15; Frontin:Str_3.3'1; !Hieron:Chron_1742; Oros_4.3'2; Zonar_8'6;(p369)  { CAH_7.2'381, '484; OCD_p.}
15 The final subjugation of the Samnites by Carvilius.
* Read Zonaras' account
Liv_23.5'8, 42'3, 31.31'10; ~[Liv]:Per_14; ~Zonar_8'6.(p369) 
16 GLT << Galatian mercenaries hired by Mithridates and Ariobarzanes defeat an Egyptian force, after which they found the city of Ancyra.
ApAphr_14; { During the "First Syrian War".}
17 PEL The Spartans attack Pyrrhus while he is withdrawing to Argos and kill his son Ptolemaeus.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pyrrh_30'2-31'1; Paus_1.13'7; ~Just_25.4'6-10; { CAH_7.1'224; Errington_p87.}
18 ?? Cleonymus founds the city of Heraea, and settles it with the inhabitants of nine surrounding villages.
Strab_8'337;(3.2)  { Cleonymus is last heard of during Pyrrhus' attack on Sparta.}
19 AEG ?? Pyrrhus makes a dedication to the temple of Athena at Lindus.
20 EPI ?? Pyrrhus keeps a pet eagle.
Phylarch_61; Plut:Mor_970'C; Aelian:NA_2'40, 7'45.
21 ?? A dog reveals its master's murderers, by barking at them in the presence of Pyrrhus.
Plin:HN_8'142; Plut:Mor_969'C-D; Aelian:NA_7'10.
22 ?? An old woman's honest answer stops Pyrrhus from pretending that he looks like Alexander.
23 ?? Stratagems employed by Pyrrhus.
* Read Frontinus' account
Frontin:Str_2.6'9, 3.6'3.
24 ?? Sayings of Pyrrhus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Mor_184'C-D; Lucian:Laps_11.
25 ++ Pyrrhus is acknowledged as an outstanding general.
* Read Livy's account
Liv_35.14'8-9; Liv_fr'1;L  Frontin:Str_2.6'10, 4.1'3; Appian:Syr_10; Paus_4.35'4; Polyaen_6.6'3; Ampel_28'3; AmmMarc_24.1'3.
26 ++ The kingdom of Epirus under Pyrrhus, and Pyrrhus' achievements as king.
* Read Justin's account
Liv_38.9'13; Strab_7'325;(7.6)  Plin:HN_8'176, 37'5; Appian:Ill_7; Paus_6.14'9; Just_25.5'3-6; Zonar_9'21.(p325) 
27 PEL Pyrrhus attacks and enters Argos, but is killed by a tile thrown by a woman.
* Read Plutarch's account
Liv_29.18'6; Strab_8'376;(6.18)  ValMax_5.1e'4; Plin:HN_7'20, 11'197;L  Plut:Cleom_18'1, ~:Pyrrh_31'1-34'11; Paus_1.13'7-9; Polyaen_8.68'1; Aelian:NA_10'37; ~Just_25.5'1-2; [Vict]:VirIll_35'10-11; Oros_4.2'7; Malal_208; ~Zonar_8'6;(p365)  { CAH_7.1'224; CAH_7.2'484.}
28 Antigonus gains control of cities in the Peloponnese.
* Read Justin's account
~Just_26.1'1-3; Trog:Prol_26.
29 Aristotimus becomes tyrant of Elis.
~Just_26.1'4-7; { Aristotimus came to power only five months before he was assassinated.}
29a GRE Document: Syll_418.A, a decree of the Amphictyons in honour of Socrates and Alexeinides.
30 ROM Curius Dentatus, as censor, organizes the construction of the Aqua Aniensis.
* Read Frontinus' account
+FastCap_p52; +Frontin:Aqu_1'6-7; [Vict]:VirIll_33'9; { CAH_7.2'408; OCD_d-2.}
31 Carvilius and Papirius both celebrate triumphs, over the ? Samnites, Lucanians, Bruttii, and Tarentines.
* Read Fasti's account
+FastTr_p98, p99.

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