309 B.C. Olympiad 117.4

Consuls: ( L. Papirius Sp.f. Cursor, dictator for the year )
Athenian archon: Demetrius

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM Papirius Cursor is appointed dictator.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.38'9-14; +FastCap_p48; { The Roman fasti count this year as a "dictator year", but the narrative of Livy treats the events listed here as part of the previous year. .}
2 C.Junius, the magister equitum, receives a bad omen while trying to pass the lex curiata.
3 MES << Antigonus attempts to recapture Babylon, but is forced out by Seleucus.
+BabylChron_3'R14-31; AstrDiar_309A.obv'9-14; { Errington_p38; the fighting started in August 310 B.C., and continued until February of the following year.}
4 EPI Heracles is put to death after Cassander and Polyperchon come to an agreement.
* Read Diodorus' account
Lycoph_801-804; +MarmPar_B'18; +Diod_20.28'1-4; Plut:Mor_530'C-D; Paus_9.7'2; Just_15.2'3; Trog:Prol_15; Oros_3.23'38; { CAH_7.1'54; Errington_p46.}
5 GRE ?? Epicurus attends lectures by Nausiphanes and other philosophers.
* Read Diogenes' account
Cic:ND_1'73, '93; DiogLaert_1'15, 10'13-14; Suda_E'2404.
6 AEG << Epicurus starts teaching at Mytilene, and then at Lampsacus.
* Read Diogenes' account
Plut:Mor_1090'E; DiogLaert_10'2, '4, ~'14, ~'15; Suda_E'2404; { ~OCD_e; Green_59.}
7 ETR The Romans defeat the Etruscans near Lake Vadimon.
8 SIC Hamilcar is defeated and killed at Syracuse.
* Read Diodorus' account
Cic:Div_1'50; +Diod_20.29'2-30'2; ValMax_1.7e'8; Just_22.7'1-2; Oros_4.6'28; { CAH_7.1'401.}
9 LYC Ptolemy attacks Lycia and Caria.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_20.27'1-2; Plut:Demetr_7'5; Porph:Fr_42; { Hölbl_p19; Errington_p40.}
10 ITA Cursor defeats the Samnites.
11 Cursor threatens an ally from Praeneste with the lictor's axe.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.16'17-18; Plin:HN_17'81;L  [Vict]:VirIll_31'4-5; AmmMarc_30.8'5.
12 MES {Abu -B = August} A night attack by Seleucus on the army of Antigonus.
* Read Polyaenus' account
+BabylChron_3'L2; Polyaen_4.9'1; { CAH_7.1'53; Green_29.}
13 SIC Acragas and other cities gain their freedom after the death of Hamilcar.
+Diod_20.31'1-32'2; { CAH_7.2'663.}
14 AFR Agathocles threatens suicide to stop a mutiny in his army, after the murder of Lyciscus by Archagathus.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_20.33'1-34'7; Just_22.7'7; Oros_4.6'32; { CAH_7.1'396.}
15 ROM {15 October -R} The triumph of Cursor, over the Samnites.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.40'15-17, 10.39'14, 46'4; #FastTr_p96.
16 AFR Agathocles narrowly defeats the Carthaginian army in a battle in the interior of Africa, but his camp is looted by the Numidians.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_20.38'1-39'6; Just_22.7'6; Oros_4.6'31; { CAH_7.1'396.}
17 AEG Ptolemaeus the nephew of Antigonus joins Ptolemy at Cos, but is later put to death.
+Diod_20.27'3; { ~CAH_7.1'54-55; Errington_p41.}
18 ROM {13 November -R} The triumph of Fabius, over the Etruscans.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.40'15-17, 10.39'14, 46'4; #FastTr_p96.

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