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321 B.C. Olympiad 114.4


Consuls: T. Veturius Calvinus (II), Sp. Postumius Albinus (II)
Athenian archon: Archippus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY << Ptolemaeus diverts the procession carrying Alexander's body, and brings it to Alexandria.
* Read Diodorus' account
MarmPar_B'11; +Diod_18.26'1-28'6; Strab_17.794'a-b;(1.8)  Curt_10.10'20;L  Aelian:VH_12'64; Arrian:Fr_9'25, 10'1; FGrH_155.2'1; PsCallisth_3.34'a-c; {Errington_p18; Hölbl_p15.}
2 GRE Antipater withdraws from Aetolia, in order to attack Perdiccas.
* Read Diodorus' account
~Diod_18.25'3-5; Plut:Eum_5'1; Just_13.6'9.
3 << Demades urges Perdiccas to cross over into Europe to attack Antipater.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_18.48'2; !Plut:Phoc_30'9, :Dem_31'3; Arrian:Fr_9'14.
4 ROM {17 February -R} L.Fulvius (or the dictator A.Cornelius) celebrates a triumph over the Samnites.
* Read Livy's account
#FastTr_p95; +Liv_8.39'15-40'1.
5 {18 February -R} Q.Fabius celebrates a triumph over the Samnites and Apulians.
#FastTr_p96.
6 CAP Perdiccas consults with his advisers, and decides to attack Ptolemaeus in Egypt.
* Read Justin's account
Nepos_18.3'1-2; ~Diod_18.25'6; Plut:Eum_5'1-3; Just_13.6'10-17; Arrian:Fr_9'26; Oros_3.23'19;L  {Hölbl_p15}
7 ASI Antigonus crosses over to Asia, and attacks Eumenes and Cleopatra at Sardis.
MarmPar_B'11; ~Arrian:Fr_9'26, ~10'7-10.
8 CYR Ptolemaeus visits Cyrene, and brings the city under his control.
+MarmPar_B'11; {CAH_7.1'36; Hölbl_p15=321/0.}
9 Document: Austin_29,B  the announcement of a new constitution for Cyrene.
10 MES Perdiccas settles affairs in Babylonia and Cyprus, before advancing to Egypt.
Arrian:Fr_10'1-6.
11 ASI Neoptolemus deserts to Antipater and attacks Eumenes, but is defeated.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.29'1-6; Plut:Eum_5'1-8; Just_13.8'1-5; ~Arrian:Fr_9'26-27; Oros_3.23'20-21.L 
12 PON << Dionysius of Heracleia marries Amastris.
Memn_4'4; {After the death of Alexander, but while Craterus was still alive.}
13 PAL ?? Perdiccas builds a new city at Samaria.
Hieron:Chron_1721.
14 EGY Ptolemaeus fights off an attack by Perdiccas on the "Fort of the Camels".
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.33'1-34'5, 19.93'5; ~Arrian:Fr_9'28; !Hieron:Chron_1694.
15 ASI Craterus joins Neoptolemus in another attack on Eumenes, but they are defeated and are both killed.
* Read Plutarch's account
+MarmPar_B'11; Nepos_18.3'1-4'4; +Diod_18.29'6-32'4, 37'1, 19.59'3; Trog:Prol_13; Plut:Eum_6'1-8'1, 10'7, :Mor_506'D; Just_13.8'5-9; Arrian:Fr_9'27, _177b, _181; Oros_3.23'21-22;L  Suda_K'2335; {CAH_7.1'32; Errington_p19=320; Hölbl_p16=320.}
16 SIC << Agathocles returns to Syracuse after the expulsion of Sostratus.
Diod_19.4'3; {CAH_7.1'387; Green_684.}
17 PAL << Onias becomes Jewish high priest.
* Read Josephus' account
~Joseph:AJ_11'347; +Hieron:Chron_1695; ExcBarb_35B; ChronPasc_417'C, 464'B, 509'A; ChronSynt_95'c.
17a GRE << Menander produces his first play at Athens.
+ProlegCom_3.
18 ITA A Roman army is trapped by the Samnites at the Caudine Forks; it is forced to surrender and then to pass under a yolk.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Off_3'109; +Liv_9.1'1-6'3, 12'1-2, 15'7-8, 25.6'10-11; DionHal_16.1'1-2'4; ValMax_7.2e'17;L  Plut:Mor_306'B-C; Appian:Sam_6-10; Flor_1.11'9-11; +Gell_17.21'36; DioCass_fr.36'10-14; [Vict]:VirIll_30'1-4;L  +Eutrop_2.9'1; +Oros_3.15'2-7;L  August:DeCiv_3.17'j; Zonar_7.26'j-l; {CAH_7.2'370; OCD_c.}
19 The inhabitants of Capua provide clothing and supplies for the Roman soldiers on their return from the Caudine Forks.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.6'4-7'5; ValMax_5.1e'5.L 
20 MAC The Aetolians invade Thessaly, but are forced out by Polyperchon.
+Diod_18.38'1-6.
21 EGY Perdiccas' army suffer heavy casualties while trying to cross the Nile near Memphis.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.34'6-36'1; Frontin:Str_4.7'20; Polyaen_4.19'1; Lucian:Hipp_2; (?) Aelian:VH_12'64; Oros_3.23'3.L 
22 Perdiccas is murdered by his own officers.
* Read Diodorus' account
+MarmPar_B'11; +Diod_18.36'2-5; Nepos_18.5'1; Strab_17.794'b;(1.8)  Plut:Eum_8'2-3; Memn_4'3; Paus_1.6'3; Just_13.5'10, 14.4'11; Arrian:Anab_7.18'5, ~:Fr_9'28, _180; FGrH_155.1'3; {CAH_7.1'326; Errington_p20=320; Hölbl_p15=320.}
23 Pithon and Arrhidaeus are appointed interim leaders after the death of Perdiccas, and Eumenes is declared a public enemy.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.36'6-7, 37'2, 59'4; Nepos_18.5'1; Plut:Eum_8'3; Just_13.5'10; ~Arrian:Fr_9'29-31, 11'39; FGrH_155.4'1; Oros_3.23'23.L 
24 PHO Attalus, the brother-in-law of Perdiccas, takes his fleet to Tyre, but is defeated in an attack on Rhodes.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.37'2-4; Arrian:Fr_11'39.
25 SYR >> The Macedonian leaders meet at Triparadeisus; Antipater is appointed to be the new regent, and new satraps are appointed.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.39'1-6, 19.91'2; Plut:Eum_8'4; Appian:Mith_8'b; Polyaen_4.6'4; Ampel_31'1;L  ~Arrian:Fr_9'32-38; FGrH_155.1'4, _255'10; Liban:Or_11'79; {CAH_7.1'37-38=321/0; Errington_p20=320; Hölbl_p16=320.}
26 >> Antigonus is appointed to lead the war against Eumenes.
* Read Diodorus' account
+MarmPar_B'11; +Diod_18.39'7; Appian:Syr_53'a; Just_13.8'10, 16.1'13; ~Arrian:Fr_9'38.
27 SIC Agathocles rescues a Syracusan force which is attacked by Sostratus at Gela.
~Diod_19.4'4-7.
28 ROM The consuls return to Rome and appoint M.Aemilius Papus to be dictator, after Q.Fabius resigns for technical reasons.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.7'6-14; Appian:Sam_11; DioCass_fr.36'11; +Zonar_7.26'l-m.
29 ASI Eumenes is advised by Cleopatra to leave Sardis, and retires to Celaenae for the winter.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Eum_8'5-12; ~Arrian:Fr_11'40-41, _182.
30 Asander the general of Antipater is defeated by Alcetas.
~Arrian:Fr_11'42.
31 >> Antipater hands over his forces in Asia to Antigonus, and returns to Macedonia with the royal family.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_18.39'7; Strab_17.794'b;(1.8)  ~Arrian:Fr_11'43-45; FGrH_155.2'2; {CAH_7.1'40; Errington_p21=320.}
32 EGY << The historian Theopompus travels to Egypt, but Ptolemaeus refuses to receive him.
Phot:Bibl_176; {~OCD_t.}

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