Translations of Hellenistic Inscriptions: 100


Greek text:   KretChr_1969.281
Provenance:     Malla , Crete
Date:   c. 200 B.C.
Tags:     oaths ,   treaties-kings
Format:   see key to translations

At the the time of this treaty, Attalos was both trying to extend his influence in Crete in the wake of the "Cretan War", and seeking a ready supply of Cretan troops. The section specifying the support that the Cretans should provide to Attalos has been lost at the beginning of the inscription.   See R.M.Errington, "A History of the Hellenistic World: 323 - 30 BC", pp.192-3 (Google Books ).

[A]   . . . the [oath] written below . . . if the Mallaians do not [abide by] any of the terms written [in] the agreement . . . they shall be held guilty of breaking the compact and violating the treaty.

In the same way, if the Mallaians send envoys to king Attalos to request an allied force, king Attalos shall dispatch three hundred men and officers to them, and if he is unable to supply this number due to particular circumstances, he shall dispatch however many he can, unless they summon a force against the Hierapytnians or Priansians or Arkades; for these have been exempted by king Attalos. King Attalos shall provide transport and rations and whatever is needed during the voyage to those who are sent. When they have reached the Mallaians, the Mallaians themselves shall maintain the allied force, providing each man with one Aiginetan drachma for each day, and officers with two drachmas for each day, and an Attic choinix for each person, unless they are in enemy territory, where it is possible to gather food. Those who are sent shall remain for as long as the Mallaians have need of them. When they release the allies back to king Attalos, the Mallaians shall provide transport for them . . .

[B]   [If king Attalos does not abide by the terms] that have been agreed, [except if the Mallaians] violate the agreement, [may he be ruined and] utterly destroyed, both himself [and his wife and his children] and his homeland and the [friends of] the king. But if he abides by the [agreement], may a happy life belong [to him and] to his wife and his children and his homeland and his friends.

Oath of king Attalos: I swear by Zeus, Gē, Helios, Poseidon, Demeter, Ares, Athena Areia and the Tauropolos, and all the other gods and goddesses, that I shall remain in the friendship and the alliance and the agreement with the Mallaians for all time, both with them and with their descendants; and I shall not transgress any of the terms that have been agreed. If I abide by my oath, may it turn out well for me; but if I breach my oath, the opposite.

inscription 101

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