Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum: 23.547


Greek text:   SEG_23.547
Provenance:   Olous , Crete
Date:   201/0 B.C.
Tags:     democracy ,   kinship ,   oaths ,   treaties-cities
Format:   see key to translations

At the end of the Cretan War, some Cretan cities were forced to agree to treaties dictated by Rhodes. And unlike the treaty between Rhodes and Hierapytna ( Austin_113 - Google Books ), the treaty with Olous was patently one-sided - there was no reciprocal arrangement for the Rhodians to come to the aid of Olous.   A French translation of this inscription is available on the Chaerephon website.

It was resolved by the council and people {of Rhodes}: since the Olountians, who are [friends and] kinsmen of our people, have sent decrees and envoys to ask the people to take every care that a written treaty may be made so that the cities may securely and readily have . . . every mutual assistance and co-operation [for all] time; and so that now [and] in the future everything may happen advantageously for both the cities; and since the envoys who have come from them - Praisios son of Herodoros, Charianthes son of Lokrion, and Sotimos son of Tychasios - 10 when they came to speak to the council and the assembly, lacking nothing in zeal and honourable conduct, asked the people separately to make an alliance with their city; therefore, so that the people may be seen to take thought for the Olountians and to agree to everything that is advantageous for them as they requested, with good (?) fortune it is resolved that the priests and the hierothytai shall pray to Zeus and Helios and the goddess Rhodos and all the other gods and goddesses in the customary sanctuaries, that what has been resolved by the people of Rhodes and the city of Olous may be advantageous for them; and when the prayer has been completed, they shall perform a sacrifice and procession to the gods as is customary. When the alliance has been ratified and the oaths have been made as is prescribed, there shall be an alliance between the Olountians and the people of Rhodes, 20 and the Olountians shall choose the same allies and friends as the Rhodians, as is resolved by the people. The Olountians shall not [be permitted] to make an alliance with anyone else for any reason, and all their previously existing alliances shall be annulled. The Olountians shall not be permitted to start a war against anyone, unless it is jointly decided by the people of Rhodes. The Olountians shall co-operate with the people of Rhodes, and shall make their city and harbours and naval bases available to them; and they shall continue to be well-disposed friends and allies of Rhodes for all time.

If anyone attacks the city or territory of Rhodes, or if anyone abolishes their laws or their revenues or their established democracy, the Olountians shall come to the aid of the Rhodians in the fullest possible strength, 30 and anyone who does [harm] to the [Rhodians] shall be an enemy of the Olountians. If the people of Rhodes sends for an allied force from the Olountians, the Olountians shall, within thirty days of when the Rhodians make the announcement, send an allied force of not less than one hundred fully armed free men, and not less than half of these shall be Olountians. The Rhodians shall provide transport to the men sent by the Olountians, for the journey from Crete to Rhodes. After the allies arrive in Rhodes, for the first thirty days they shall receive their rations [from] the Olountians; for the rest of the time, each of them shall receive from the Rhodians eight Rhodian obols for [each] day, 40 and the leaders of the Olountians who command [at least twenty] men shall each receive [two] drachmas; each of [these men] for each day . . . and to the other [allies] . . . [Each year the] kosmoi [shall (?) read out] to the [next (?) non-combatants {azōstoi} the] resolution about the [alliance between the Olountians] and the Rhodians, and the [oath about the alliance]; and so that they may swear an oath, the kosmoi [shall administer the oath to the agela].

50 The oath [of the Olountians] shall be:   [I swear by Hestia and] Idaian Zeus and [Zeus (?) Tallaios and (?) Hera] and Poseidon and [Ares and (?) Aphrodite and] Hermes Hēgemōn [and (?) Helios and (?) Britomartis] and all the gods [and goddesses: I shall remain a] sincere and [unhesitating ally of the Rhodians for all time, and] if anyone [attacks the city and territory of Rhodes, or] abolishes [their laws] or their revenues [or their established democracy, I shall come to the aid of the Rhodians in full strength; and if the people] of Rhodes . . .

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