Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum: 54.1442


Greek text:   SEG_54.1442   ( TAM II supp. Tlos 10 )
Provenance:   Tlos , Lycia
Date:   c. 255 B.C.
Format:   see key to translations

Only the beginning of this inscription has survived, but it is enough to confirm the authenticity of a Hellenistic epigram (B), which was originally inscribed on a statue of Neoptolemos. It is possible that he was also the subject of a poem preserved on papyrus (C), as suggested by S.Barbantini, "SH 969, in praise of a Ptolemaic general" ( ).

If all three passages refer to the same man, then it is clear that Neoptolemos won an important victory over the Galatians in Lycia. There is little other written evidence that the Galatians reached so far south; and the epigram also reveals that they were joined in the raid by some tribesmen from Thrace.   Neoptolemos son of Kraisis is securely dated by a priesthood that he held in Egypt in 252/1 B.C., but his victory may have been several years before he was appointed priest; see K.Vandorpe, in "Sagalassos Five", pp.497-8 ( Google Books ).

[A]   In the [] year [of the reign of Ptolemaios son of Ptolemaios], when Thraseas son of Thr... was priest, on the second day of the month of Peritios, in full assembly; it was resolved by the city and the magistrates [of Tlos: since] Neoptolemos son of Kr[aisis] . . .

[B]   Steph.Byz., s.v. Ἀγρίαι {adapted from a translation by M.Gander}

Agriai . . . They are also called Agrianes, as in the epigram written on Neoptolemos the Pisidian, as follows:

"I am Neoptolemos the son of Kressos. In the sanctuary of the three brothers
The Tloans erected this monument, the glory of my spear,
For whose sake I smote down the Pisidians, the [Paio]nians, the Agrianians,
And the Galatians, as many as I opposed."

[C]   Suppl.Hell. 969 {gist by S.Barbantini}

Often came to Egypt the news of your victories
With heroic deeds you gained a glory that will survive in books
Previously, in fact, when [the Galatians] were raging and threatening Egypt
You drove the Greek army against them, sending them to Hades
. . .

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