Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum: 57.1409


Greek text:   SEG_57.1409
Provenance:   Sagalassos , Pisidia
Date:     333-250 B.C. 
Tags:     exiles ,   mercenaries+garrisons
Format:   see key to translations

Although it is not explicitly stated, it appears that these rules were agreed to discourage the guards on the citadel of Sagalassos from rebelling and attacking the citizens.  For a similar set of rules governing the garrison of Kyrbissos near Teos, see Burstein_28 ( Google Books ).  The agreement was made by twenty-four men, whose names appear at the end of the inscription.  There are no Greek names in the list: they are clearly all native Pisidians.

The translation is adapted from the full commentary by Katelijn Vandorpe in "Ancient Society 37" ( ).

[A]   No one may seize the citadel or any other high point; no one may exile any one from the city; no one may form a faction; no one may carry off weapons. 

Anyone who is caught doing one of these things shall die after observation by the city and by as many judges as have deliberated. The city and the judges shall kill them. Those whom they are not able to kill, but who escape somewhere else, shall live in exile and shall be enemies of the city and of the gods, until the time of their death, not only themselves but also their descendants. Any citizen who meets them anywhere shall kill them and is allowed to carry off the spoils. No one is entitled to restore them to the city nor ever to atone for their guilt by sacrificial offerings. If anyone attempts to make atonement by offerings of 300 white three-year-old bulls, 300 white three-year-old rams, 300 white three-year-old goats and by (?) human matters . . . (?) before the city, may the gods (?) ignore them . . . 

[B]   If those who have seized the citadel, continue to hold it and if they banish some people from the city, the city shall search for them and bring them back, and the gods will ruin everything until they have brought the rebels to justice.  Everything which those who exiled the citizens, have taken from those who have been exiled and everything which is lost (?), the rebels shall pay it back at their own expense when the exiles have returned.  The rebels shall be subject to the gods and the three men who were their leaders shall be put to death. The rest of them, up to the present twelve in number, shall pay a fine of ten silver minas each and it shall all be consecrated.  

Law concerning theft. Anyone who steals something for which the punishment used to be three minas , let the punishment now be death if he is convicted.

The agreements and accords have been made under the leaders Mo.oites, Moasis, Idaadis, Tonaollis, Mallos, Nous, Enneis, Kouas, Naneis, Soas, Magisilbis, Oadeis, Oas, Aloupais, Ois, Armoas, Ibdamoas, Kilasarbes, Saneis, Ponasamis, Kilasarbes, Sillabos, Moakloias, Kotbasis.

Attalus' home page   |   22.02.18   |   Any comments?