Select Papyri, 1.1


Greek text:   PEleph 1 L.1-18
Date:   311 B.C.

In the 7th year of the reign of Alexander son of Alexander, the 14th year of the satrapship of Ptolemy, in the month Dius. Marriage contract of Heracleides and Demetria. Heracleides takes as his lawful wife Demetria, Coan, both being freeborn, from her father Leptines, Coan, and her mother Philotis, bringing clothing and ornaments to the value of 1000 drachmas, and Heracleides shall supply to Demetria all that is proper for a freeborn wife, and we shall live together wherever it seems best to Leptines and Heracleides consulting in common. If Demetria is discovered doing any evil to the shame of her husband Heracleides, she shall be deprived of all that she brought, but Heracleides shall prove whatever he alleges against Demetria before three men whom they both accept. It shall not be lawful for Heracleides to bring home another wife in insult of Demetria nor to have children by another woman nor to do any evil against Demetria on any pretext. If Heracleides is discovered doing any of these things and Demetria proves it before three men whom they both accept, Heracleides shall give back to Demetria the dowry of 1000 drachmas which she brought and shall moreover forfeit 1000 drachmas of the silver coinage of Alexander. Demetria and those aiding Demetria to exact payment shall have the right of execution, as if derived from a legally decided action, upon the person of Heracleides and upon all the property of Heracleides both on land and on water. This contract shall be valid in every respect, wherever Heracleides may produce it against Demetria, or Demetria and those aiding Demetria to exact payment may produce it against Heracleides, as if the agreement had been made in that place. Heracleides and Demetria shall have the right to keep the contracts severally in their own custody and to produce them against each other *. Witnesses: Cleon, Gelan; Anticrates, Temnian; Lysis, Temnian; Dionysius, Temnian; Aristomachus, Cyrenaean; Aristodicus, Coan.

* {Note}: the contract was usually deposited with one of the witnesses; but in the present case a valid copy was kept by each of the principals.

papyrus 1A

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