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Select Papyri, 2.256


JUDGEMENT OF THE PTOLEMAIC COURT OF TEN

Original text: PGurob 2
Date: 226 B.C.

In the 22nd year of the reign of Ptolemy, son of Ptolemy and Arsinoē, gods Adelphi, the priest of Alexander and the gods Adelphi and the gods Euergetae and the canephorus of Arsinoē Philadelphus being those officiating in Alexandria, the 22nd of the month Dystrus, at Crocodilopolis in the Arsinoite nome, under the presidency of Zenothemis, the judges being Diomedes, Polycles, Andron, Theophanes, Maeandrius, Sonicus, Diotrephes. Polydeuces, the clerk of the court, having constituted us in accordance with the order sent to him by Aristomachus, appointed strategus of the Arsinoite nome, of which this is a copy :

"To Polydeuces greeting. Heracleia has requested the king in her petition to form a court of all the judges . . . except such as either party may challenge in accordance with the regulations. Year 21, Dystros 16, Pachon 19 "

we have given judgement as below in the action brought by Dositheus against Heracleia according to the following indictment :

"Dositheus son of . . ., Jew of the Epigone, to Heracleia daughter of Diodotus, Jewess, as you in your . . . of yourself declared (?). I state that on Peritius 22 of year 21, as I with other persons was entering the ... of Apion . . . from the so-called house of Pasutis which is in Crocodilopolis in the Arsinoite nome opposite the so-called house of Pasutis the . . ., you came to that place with Callippus the . . . and abused me saying that I had told certain persons that . . ., and on my abusing you in return you thereupon spat on me and seizing the loop of my mantle . . . Wherefore I bring an action of assault against you for 200 drachmae, the assessment of damages being . . drachmae. And as the assaulted party I by this indictment . . . The 21st year, the priest of Alexander and the gods Adelphi and the gods Euergetae being Galestes son of Philistion, the canephorus of Arsinoe Philadelphus being Berenice daughter of Sosipolis, the [.]6th of the month . . . The case will be presented against you in the court sitting in the Arsinoite nome, of which Polydeuces is the clerk, on Peritius . . of the 21st year, and you have received the indictment and have been personally summoned, the witnesses of the summons being . . . phanes son of Nicias, Thracian, official employee, Zopyrus son of Symmachus, Persian of the Epigone."

Whereas this was the indictment, and Dositheus neither appeared in person nor put in a written statement nor was willing to plead his case ; and whereas Heracleia appeared with her guardian Aristides son of Proteas, Athenian of the Epigone, and put in both a written statement and justificatory documents, and was also willing to defend her case ; and whereas the code of regulations which was handed in by Heracleia among the justificatory documents directs us to give judgement in a . . . manner on all points which any person knows or shows us to have been dealt with in the regulations of King Ptolemy, in accordance with the regulations, and on all points which are not dealt with in the regulations, but in the civic laws, in accordance with the laws, and on all other points to follow the most equitable view ; but when both parties have been summoned before the court and one of them is unwilling to put in a written statement or plead his case or acknowledge defeat (?)... he shall be judged guilty of injustice ; we have dismissed the case.


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