Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 426


Greek text:   Teos_29
Date:     c. 270-261 B.C.
Tags:     foreign_judges ,   saviours
Format:   see key to translations

This decree of Bargylia in Caria shows that the city remained loyal to Antiochos I, who by this time had earned the title Soter ('Saviour') for his victories against the Galatians. The king's representative in the area was Alexandros, son of Achaios and grandson of Seleukos I.

. . . when the people of Bargylia sent envoys to Teos, to ask that they give us a man to act as judge, as the king instructed, the people of Teos, in their desire to obey the king and to act favourably towards our city, sent to us Tyron son of Polythros, a good and noble man, who upon his arrival resolved some of the legal cases and investigated the others, always making his decisions for the greatest benefit of everyone; therefore it it resolved by the council and the people to honour the people of Teos on account of their virtue and their goodwill towards the king and our city, and to praise Tyron the judge, on account of the fine and just way in which he resolved some of the legal cases and investigated the others, making his judgements fairly for everyone; and so that everyone else may know that the people gives suitable rewards to the benefactors of the city, to crown Tyron with a golden crown on account of his virtue and his upright behaviour towards the king and the people. The agonothete shall take care of the announcement of the award, that it shall be proclaimed at the gymnastic contest, which the people holds in honour of king Antiochos Soter. Tyron shall be recognised as a proxenos and benefactor of the city; he shall be given citizenship and a share in all the public affairs of the people of Bargylia, and priority in access to the council and the assembly, second only to sacred matters or dealings with the kings; these privileges shall remain with his descendants. The treasurer for the month shall allocate funds so that his name and family can be inscribed on the stele, where our other proxenoi and benefactors and awards of citizenship are recorded. He shall be invited to entertainments at the prytaneion, and he shall share in them with the magistrates of the city; and men shall be appointed to escort him safely back to his homeland and to hand over this decree to the people of Teos, encouraging them for the future to maintain the friendly relations that exist between our cities, and for now to take care that the rewards which we have given to the judge shall be publicised in their city. This decree shall be inscribed on a stele and placed near the altar of Herakles; and so that the king may know concerning this matter that Tyron made judgements that were beneficial to him and to the people, and fair for everyone, the envoys who were previously appointed to go to the king shall hand the decree to him on the next occasion when he comes to this region; and the envoys who have been sent ahead to Alexandros, the official left behind by the king, shall inform Alexandros of the resolution of the people about the judge.

The men appointed were: Theaitetos son of Anaxip[olis] and Apollonides son of Theopompos.

inscription 427

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