Plutarch : Moralia

Plutarch's Moralia is a miscellaneous collection of essays and treatises - in fact, everything that Plutarch wrote apart from his Parallel Lives. Plutarch wrote a lot (the modern Loeb translation of the Moralia runs to fourteen volumes) and it can be difficult to hunt down a small section in the mass of his works.

References to the Moralia generally use the traditional page numbering , but often translations display no page numbers or divisions at all. This table lists the contents of the Moralia, and the page number at which each item starts, together with links to online translations where they exist. The web sites on which the translations are held are shown in brackets. The individual treatises are still occasionally called by their Latin titles, and so the Latin equivalent of some of the titles is shown in green.

Apart from the translations on LacusCurtius site, which are based on the relatively modern Loeb edition, almost all the English translations of the Moralia which are available on the web are derived from five volumes published in 1874-1878, edited by W.W.Goodwin with an introduction by Ralph Waldo Emerson. However these volumes were themselves merely a corrected version of an earlier translation, made by "forty or fifty university men" in 1684-94 - a remarkable early exercise in collaborative translation, even if their efforts were "careless and vicious in parts", as Emerson says.

The whole of the 1878 translation of the Moralia is available in PDF format. Volume III of that translation is available as a single file in HTML format at various places on the web, for instance eBooks@Adelaide. There is also a complete copy of the famous French translation, made by Jacques Amyot in 1572.

1 . On the education of children   -   De liberis educandis (LacusCurtius)
14 . How the young man should study poetry (BostonLeadershipBuilders)
37 . On listening to lectures   -   De recta ratione audiendi (LacusCurtius)
48 . How to tell a flatterer from a friend (BostonLeadershipBuilders)
75 . How a man may become aware of his progress in virtue (BostonLeadershipBuilders)
86 . How to profit by one's enemies (LacusCurtius)
93 . On having many friends   -   De amicorum multitudine (LacusCurtius)
97 . Chance   -   De fortuna (LacusCurtius)
100 . Virtue and Vice   -   De virtute et vitio (LacusCurtius)
101 . Letter of condolence to Apollonius   -   Consolatio ad Apollonium (LacusCurtius)
122 . Advice about keeping well   -   De tuenda sanitate praecepta (LacusCurtius)
138 . Advice to bride and groom   -   Coniugalia praecepta (LacusCurtius)
146 . Dinner of the seven wise men   -   Septem sapientium convivium (LacusCurtius)
164 . Superstition   -   De superstitione (LacusCurtius)
172 . Sayings of kings and commanders (Attalus)
208 . Sayings of Spartans   -   Apophthegmata Laconica (LacusCurtius)
236 . The ancient customs of the Spartans   -   Instituta Laconica (LacusCurtius)
240 . Sayings of Spartan women   -   Lacaenarum apophthegmata (LacusCurtius)
242 . Bravery of women   -   Mulierum Virtutes (LacusCurtius)
263 . Roman questions   -   Quaestiones Romanae (LacusCurtius)
291 . Greek questions   -   Quaestiones Graecae (Sacred Texts)
305 . Greek and Roman parallel stories   -   Parallela minora (LacusCurtius)
316 . On the fortune of the Romans   -   De fortuna Romanorum (LacusCurtius)
326 . On the fortune or the virtue of Alexander (LacusCurtius)
345 . Were the Athenians more famous in war or in wisdom? (LacusCurtius)
351 . Isis and Osiris   -   De Iside et Osiride (LacusCurtius)
384 . The E at Delphi   -   De E apud Delphos (Sir Thomas Browne)
394 . Oracles at Delphi no longer given in verse   -   De Pythiae oraculis (Sir Thomas Browne)
409 . The obsolescence of oracles   -   De defectu oraculorum (LacusCurtius)
439 . Can virtue be taught?   -   An virtus doceri possit (LacusCurtius)
440 . On moral virtue   -   De virtute morali (LacusCurtius)
452 . On the control of anger   -   De cohibenda ira (LacusCurtius)
464 . On tranquillity of mind   -   De tranquillitate animi (LacusCurtius)
478 . On brotherly love   -   De fraterno amore (LacusCurtius)
493 . On affection for offspring   -   De amore prolis (LacusCurtius)
498 . Whether vice is sufficient to cause unhappiness (LacusCurtius)
500 . Whether affections of the soul are worse than those of the body (LacusCurtius)
502 . On talkativeness   -   De garrulitate (LacusCurtius)
515 . On being a busybody   -   De curiositate (LacusCurtius)
523 . On love of wealth   -   De cupiditate divitiarum (LacusCurtius)
528 . On compliancy   -   De vitioso pudore (LacusCurtius)
536 . On envy and hate   -   De invidia et odio (LacusCurtius)
539 . On praising oneself inoffensively (LacusCurtius)
548 . On the delays of divine vengeance   -   De sera numinis vindicta (Perseus)
568 . On fate   -   De fato (LacusCurtius)
575 . On the sign of Socrates   -   De genio Socratis (LacusCurtius)
599 . On exile   -   De exilio (LacusCurtius)
608 . Consolation to his wife   -   Consolatio ad uxorem (LacusCurtius)
612 . Table talk   -   Quaestiones Convivales (eBooks@Adelaide)
748 . Dialogue on love   -   Amatorius (Perseus)
771 . Love stories   -   Amatoriae narrationes (LacusCurtius)
776 . A philosopher ought to converse especially with men in power (LacusCurtius)
779 . To an uneducated ruler   -   Ad principem ineruditum (LacusCurtius)
783 . Whether an old man should engage in public affairs (LacusCurtius)
798 . Precepts of statecraft   -   Praecepta gerendae reipublicae (LacusCurtius)
826 . On monarchy, democracy and oligarchy (LacusCurtius)
827 . That we ought not to borrow   -   De vitando aere alieno (LacusCurtius)
832 . Lives of the ten orators   -   Vitae decem oratorum (Attalus)
853 . Comparison between Aristophanes and Menander (LacusCurtius)
854 . On the malice of Herodotus   -   De malignitate Herodoti (BostonLeadershipBuilders)
874 . On the opinions of the philosophers   -   De placitis philosophorum (eBooks@Adelaide)
911 . Causes of natural phenomena   -   Quaestiones naturales (Perseus)
920 . On the face which appears in the orb of the moon (LacusCurtius)
945 . On the principle of cold   -   De primo frigido (LacusCurtius)
955 . Whether fire or water is more useful (LacusCurtius)
959 . Whether land or sea animals are cleverer (LacusCurtius)
985 . Beasts are rational   -   Bruta animalia ratione uti (LacusCurtius)
993 . On the eating of flesh   -   De esu carnium (LacusCurtius)
999 . Platonic questions   -   Platonicae quaestiones (eBooks@Adelaide)
1012 . On the birth of the spirit in Timaeus (Perseus)
1030 . Summary of the birth of the spirit
1033 . On Stoic self-contradictions   -   De Stoicorum repugnantiis (eBooks@Adelaide)
1057 . The Stoics speak more paradoxically than the poets (eBooks@Adelaide)
1058 . Against the Stoics, on common conceptions (eBooks@Adelaide)
1086 . That Epicurus actually makes a pleasant life impossible (eBooks@Adelaide)
1107 . Reply to Colotes, in defence of other philosophers   - Adversus Colotem (eBooks@Adelaide)
1128 . Is "live unknown" a wise precept? (Perseus)
1131 . On music   -   De musica (Perseus)

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