60 B.C. Olympiad 180.1

Consuls: Q. Caecilius Q.f. Metellus Celer, L. Afranius A.f.
Athenian archon: Herodes
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Andromachus of Ambracia

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {20 January -R} Document: Cic:Att_1.18, a letter from Cicero to Atticus.
2 {15 March -R} Document: Cic:Att_1.19, another letter from Cicero to Atticus, describing raids by the Helvetii and attempts to transfer P.Clodius to the plebeians.
3 The optimates, led by L.Lucullus, oppose Pompeius' attempts to ratify his settlement of the East and to allot land to his veterans.
* Read Dio's account
Vell_2.40'5; Plut:CatMin_31'1-2, :Luc_42'5-6, :Pomp_46'5-8; Suet:Caes_19'2; Flor_2.13'8-9; Appian:BCiv_2'9; +DioCass_37.49'1-50'1.
4 BAE << C.Caesar governs Further Spain, and fights against the Lusitani.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Balb_43; Catull_29'18-19; [Caes]:BHisp_42'2; [Liv]:Per_103; Plut:Caes_12'1-4, 17'2; Suet:Caes_18'1, 54'1; Appian:Hisp_102, :BCiv_2'8; +DioCass_37.52'1-53'4, 44.41'1-2, 45.40'3; Hieron:Chron_1957; { OCD_c.}
7 The tribune Flavius imprisons the consul Metellus Celer.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Att_2.1'8; +DioCass_37.50'1-6; { CAH_9'365.}
8 {May -R} Document: Cic:Att_1.20, a letter of Cicero to Atticus.
9 << Cato counters Clodius' accusations against the priests and priestesses, including Fabia.
Plut:CatMin_19'5-7; { This must have happened after the Bona Dea scandal, and before Clodius was elected tribune.}
10 Metellus Celer blocks further attempts to transfer Clodius to the plebeians.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Att_2.1'4; :HarResp_45; +DioCass_37.51'1-2.
11 {June -R} Document: Cic:Att_2.1, a letter of Cicero to Atticus.
11a GRE << Document: THI_184.A, a decree of priests in Mantineia, in honour of a female benefactor.
12 BOS << Pharnaces attacks the city of Phanagoreia, and forces it to surrender.
Appian:Mith_120; { This probably happened soon after the death of Mithridates, when Pharnaces was recognised as king of Bosporus.}
13 ITA C.Octavius wipes out a group of runaway slaves at Thurii, on his way to the province of Macedonia.
Suet:Aug_3'1; { MRR_2'127.}
14 ROM Cato forces Caesar to abandon his plans for a triumph.
* Read Dio's account
Plut:CatMin_31'3-5, :Caes_13'1-2; Suet:Caes_18'1-2; Appian:BCiv_2'8; +DioCass_37.54'1-3, 44.41'3-4; { CAH_9'366; OCD_caes.}
15 After widespread bribery, Bibulus overcomes L.Lucceius and is elected consul along with Caesar.
* Read Suetonius' account
Ascon_91;L  Plut:CatMin_31'5, :Caes_14'1-2, :Pomp_47'5, :Crass_14'1-2; Suet:Caes_19'1-2; Appian:BCiv_2'9, 3'88.
16 Caesar reconciles Pompeius and Crassus, and together they form the First Triumvirate.
* Read Dio's account
+[Liv]:Per_103; !Vell_2.44'1-2; Sen:Ben_5.16'4; Lucan_1'84-100; Plut:Luc_42'6, :Caes_13'3-6, :Pomp_47'1-4; Suet:Caes_19'2; +Flor_2.13'9-11; Appian:BCiv_2'9; +DioCass_37.54'3-58'1; Malal_214; +ChronPasc_457'A; { CAH_9'366; OCD_caes.}
17 The senate attempts to curtail Caesar's power by allocating the "woods and pastures" as provinces for the new consuls.
~Suet:Caes_19'2; { CAH_9'366.}
18 {December -R} Document: Cic:Att_2.2 & 2.3, two letters from Cicero to Atticus.
19 == Metellus Nepos passes a law to abolish import duties.
20 == Faustus presents a lavish gladiatorial show in memory of his father Sulla.
+DioCass_37.51'4; { OCD_f.}
21 == Omens, including a solar eclipse.
* Read Dio's account
+DioCass_37.58'2-4; +Obseq_62.
22 == The starting point of Asinius Pollio's history of the Roman civil wars.
+Hor:Od_2.1'1; { OCD_p.}
23 == Diodorus' "Historical Library" ends with the events of this year.
Diod_1.4'7, 5'1; { OCD_d.}
23a ?? The grammarians M.Antonius Gnipho and M.Pompilius Andronicus teach students at Rome and Cumae.
Suet:Gram_7-8; { Gnipho started by teaching Julius Caesar, but he did not live beyond fifty years of age.}
24 AEG ?? C.Cassius is taught by Archelaus at Rhodes.
Appian:BCiv_4'67-68; DioCass_47.33'4.
25 ?? Brutus studies at Rhodes and Athens, where he is taught by Pammenes.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Brut_156; :Orat_105;L  Plut:Brut_2'1-5; [Vict]:VirIll_82'1-2; { Brutus was back in Rome by the time of the Vettius affair in 59 B.C.}
26 ASI << Q.Cicero refuses to reverse the conviction of Heracleides of Temnus, for defrauding Hermippus.

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