72 B.C. Olympiad 177.1

Consuls: L. Gellius L.f. Poplicola, Cn. Cornelius Cn.f. Lentulus Clodianus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Hecatomnos of Elis

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1 ETR The senate sends both consuls to face Spartacus, who is heading towards the Alps.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'86;L  +Plut:Crass_9'5-6; ~Appian:BCiv_1'117; { CAH_9'222.}
2 The triumph of C.Curio, over the Thracians.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Pis_44, 58; Eutrop_6.5'2; { CAH_9'791; OCD_c=73.}
3 AS1 << Fannius and Metrophanes escape with difficulty to Mithridates, after being defeated by Mamercus.
4 << Mithridates escapes an attempt on his life during mining operations at Cyzicus.
* Read Strabo's account
Diod_38.22b'1; ~Strab_12'576.(8.11) 
5 << Archelaus is captured while attempting to win over soldiers from Fimbria's army, who are still serving with Lucullus.
6 << Mithridates' army suffers terribly from starvation and plague while encamped by Cyzicus.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_3'24-27;L  ~[Liv]:Per_95; Strab_12'576;(8.11)  Memn_28'3; ~Plut:Luc_11'1-2; Flor_1.40'17; ~Appian:Mith_76; [Vict]:VirIll_75'5; Eutrop_6.6'3; ~Oros_6.2'19.
7 << General comments on the siege of Cyzicus, and Lucullus' successful strategy of cutting off Mithridates' supplies.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegMan_20, :Mur_33, :Arch_21; Sall:Hist_4.67'14; Eutrop_6.8'2.
8 << Mithridates secretly slips away from Cyzicus and goes to Parium.
* Read Plutarch's account
Memn_28'3; ~Plut:Luc_11'7-8; ~Appian:Mith_76'
9 << Lucullus destroys the remnants of Mithridates' retreating army by the rivers Aesepus and Granicus.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_95; Memn_28'4; ~Plut:Luc_11'8; Flor_1.40'17; ~Appian:Mith_76; ~Oros_6.2'20; { CAH_9'236.}
10 << The inhabitants of Cyzicus are rewarded with freedom by the Romans for their courage during the siege, and they start a festival in honour of Lucullus.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_12'576;(8.11)  Tac:Ann_4'36; Suet:Tib_37'3; ~Appian:Mith_76'
11 LUS ?? The city of Gades furnishes Pompeius with supplies.
12 SPA ?? Stratagems employed by Sertorius during the war in Spain.
* Read Frontinus' account
Frontin:Str_1.5'1, 2.12'2.
13 Sertorius is murdered by a group of his own officers.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'77-79; Diod_38.22a'1; ~[Liv]:Per_96; Strab_3'161;(4.10)  Vell_2.30'1; Plut:Sert_26'1-11, :Eum_21'6-7, ~:Pomp_20'3; Flor_2.10'9; Appian:Hisp_101, :Mith_68, :BCiv_1'113; Eutrop_6.1'3; Oros_5.23'13, '15; { CAH_9'791; OCD_s.}
14 ++ General comments on the war in Spain: Sertorius was a great general, but Pompeius eventually gained the upper hand.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Font_fr'6,L  :LegMan_10, 30; Caes:BGall_3.23'5, :BCiv_1.61'3; [Liv]:Per_96; Strab_3'159;(4.6)  Vell_2.29'5, 90'3; Plut:Sert_1'8-12, 10'2-7, :Eum_20'1-21'5, :Pomp_31'12, 38'5, :Mor_324'A; Flor_2.10'7-8; Ampel_18'17; Exsuper_54-55; Suda_S'255.
15 THR << Mithridates unsuccessfully attacks Perinthus and Byzantium.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:ProvCon_6; Memn_28'4; ~Appian:Mith_76;(↓)  Eutrop_6.6'3.
16 AEG << Marius is put in charge of part of Mithridates' fleet, but he is defeated and killed in sea battles off Tenedos and Lemnos.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegMan_21, :Mur_33, :Arch_21; Memn_29'2, 33'1-2; ~Plut:Luc_12'1-5; ~Appian:Mith_77; Eutrop_6.6'3, 8'2; ~Oros_6.2'21-22; { CAH_9'236-237.}
17 ETR Gellius defeats and kills Crixus, the leader of the German slaves.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_96; +Plut:Crass_9'7; ~Appian:BCiv_1'116-117;(↓)  Oros_5.24'4; { CAH_9'222; OCD_spartacus.}
18 Spartacus defeats the other consul, Lentulus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'90; +[Liv]:Per_96; +Plut:Crass_9'7; Flor_2.8'10; ~Appian:BCiv_1'117; +Oros_5.24'4.
19 SPA Perperna establishes himself as leader of the remaining rebels in Spain.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_96; Plut:Sert_27'1, ~:Pomp_20'3; Appian:Hisp_101, :BCiv_1'114; Oros_5.23'13.
19a PAL << The birth of Herodes, the future king of Judaea.
Joseph:AJ_14'158, 17'148; { OCD_h.}
19b PEL Document: THI_99.R, a decree of Gytheium, honouring the generosity of a doctor during a financial crisis.
20 {July ?} A list of winners at the Olympic games, including Hecatomnos in three different races.
21 CIS Spartacus defeats C.Cassius, the governor of Cisalpine Gaul, near Mutina.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_96; +Plut:Crass_9'7; Flor_2.8'10; { CAH_9'222; OCD_s.}
22 SIC Verres sends Apollonius of Panormus to prison on a fictitious charge.
23 THR M.Lucullus defeats the Bessi.
* Read Eutropius' account
Sall:Hist_4'11;L  ~[Liv]:Per_97; Festus:Brev_9'2; Eutrop_6.7'1, 10'1; Hieron:Chron_1946; AmmMarc_27.4'11; ~Oros_6.3'4; { MRR_2'82.}
24 PON << A Roman force led by Triarius captures Apameia, Prusa, Prusias-Cierus, and Nicaea.
* Read Memnon's account
Memn_28'5-11; ~Appian:Mith_77; ~Oros_6.2'23; { CAH_9'236.}
25 << The poet Parthenius of Nicaea is captured by (?) Cinna, and brought to Rome.
Suda_P'664; { OCD_p.}
26 << Mithridates is forced to retreat by sea from Nicomedeia to Pontus, but many of his ships are destroyed in a storm.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'37-38,L  _4.67'14; ~[Liv]:Per_95; Memn_29'1-2; ~Plut:Luc_13'1-5; Flor_1.40'18-19; ~Appian:Mith_78; ~Oros_6.2'24.
27 << Mithridates enters Heracleia, and leaves a garrison in the city.
Memn_29'3-5; { CAH_9'236.}
27a << Document: IG_4.1.66, a decree of Epidaurus mentioning soldiers sent by Antonius.
28 CRE M.Antonius leads an attack on the Cretans, whom he accuses of aiding the pirates, after they rebuff an embassy.
* Read Florus' account
Flor_1.42'1-2; Appian:Sic_6'1-2.(8) 
29 PON << Mithridates retreats to Amisus and Sinope, and appeals to his son Machares and to Tigranes for help.
* Read Appian's account
Memn_29'4, '6; Plut:Luc_22'3; ~Appian:Mith_78; ~Oros_6.2'24.
30 ETR Spartacus defeats the combined forces of the consuls in Picenum.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:Per_96; ~Appian:BCiv_1'117; Eutrop_6.7'2; +Oros_5.24'4.
31 Spartacus decides not to march on Rome.
* Read Florus' account
Flor_2.8'11; ~Appian:BCiv_1'117;(↓)  Ampel_45'3.
32 SPA Pompeius defeats and kills Perperna; he destroys the privates papers of Sertorius to stop them being used as blackmail.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'80-81;L  ~[Liv]:Per_96; Vell_2.30'1; ValMax_6.2'8; Frontin:Str_2.5'32; Plut:Sert_27'2-7, ~:Pomp_20'4-8, :Mor_204'A; Flor_2.10'9; Appian:BCiv_1'115; AmmMarc_26.9'9; Oros_5.23'13; { CAH_9'791.}
33 MOE M.Lucullus advances as far as the river Danube.
* Read Eutropius' account
Sall:Hist_4'12-13;L  Flor_1.39'6-7; Appian:Ill_30; Festus:Brev_9'3; Eutrop_6.10'1; Hieron:Chron_1946; AmmMarc_27.4'11; { OCD_l.}
34 ETR Gellius commends M.Cato for his bravery while serving in the war against Spartacus.
35 ITA Spartacus captures Thurii and provides new weapons for his army.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_4'14-16;L  ~Appian:BCiv_1'117;(↓)  { CAH_9'222.}
36 ROM The command of the war against Spartacus is transferred to M.Crassus, who recruits a new army.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'17;L  ~[Liv]:Per_96; +Plut:Crass_10'1, 36'6; Flor_2.8'12; ~Appian:BCiv_1'118; +Oros_5.24'5; { CAH_9'222; OCD_c.}
37 SPA ?? Metellus rewards Q.Fabius of Saguntum with Roman citizenship.
38 Pompeius gives Roman citizenship to L.Balbus of Gades.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Balb_6-10, 13-15, 38, 51; Plin:HN_5'36; Tac:Ann_11'24; SHA:MaxBalb_7'3; { ~CAH_9'215.}
39 Pompeius gives Roman citizenship to Trogus, the grandfather of the historian Pompeius Trogus.
40 Pompeius treats the survivors of Perperna's army humanely.
41 << C.Cornelius serves as quaestor under Pompeius.
Ascon_57,L  61.L 
42 Metellus imposes taxes on the Spanish towns.
43 SIC Verres extorts contributions of corn from the inhabitants of Herbita and Tissa.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.3'76, '86.
44 The quaestor Q.Caecilius sends corn supplies from Sicily to Rome.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:DivCaec_4, 32-33; { MRR_2'81.}
45 Q.Caecilius obstructs Agonis of Lilybaeum, when she claims to have been wronged by an officer of M.Antonius.
46 PON Document: Sherk_73,B  a decree of Mesambria in honour of C.Cornelius, an officer of M.Lucullus.
47 M.Lucullus removes a colossal statue from Apollonia and takes it back to Rome.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_7'319;(6.1)  Plin:HN_4'92, 34'39; Appian:Ill_30'
48 ITA Crassus decimates a detachment of his army, after his subordinate Mummius is defeated by Spartacus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'18;L  +Plut:Crass_10'1-3; ~Appian:BCiv_1'118; { CAH_9'222.}
49 SIC Verres illegally punishes Roman citizens, accusing some of having escaped from Sertorius' army.
50 ROM The consuls confirm Pompeius' grants of Roman citizenship in Spain.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Balb_19, +32-33; { CAH_9'214; OCD_gellius.}
51 ITA Crassus defeats Spartacus and forces him to retreat.
* Read Florus' account
Flor_2.8'12; ~Appian:BCiv_1'118; ~Oros_5.24'6; { CAH_9'222.}
52 Spartacus attempts to cross to Sicily, but is surrounded by Crassus on a peninsula near Rhegium.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Verr_2.5'5; Sall:Hist_4'26-28;L  +Plut:Crass_10'3-5; Flor_2.8'13; ~Appian:BCiv_1'118; { OCD_s.}
53 PON << Lucullus invades Pontus.
* Read Memnon's account
Cic:LegMan_21, :Arch_21; Memn_29'5, '7; ~Plut:Luc_14'1; ~Appian:Mith_78; { CAH_9'237.}
54 << Cotta advances to Heracleia and starts to besiege the city.
* Read Memnon's account
Memn_32'1-2, 35'9; { CAH_9'237.}
55 NAR ++ Fonteius impoverishes the province of Gaul by his exactions.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Font_8-21, 32, 45-46; { OCD_f; MRR_2'82.}
56 ROM {November} The senate rules that the sentence passed by Verres on Sthenius of Thermae is null and void.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'83-85, +'88-117, '147, 3'41; { CAH_9'214.}
57 == Cn.Lentulus proposes a law to reclaim the money which Sulla remitted to purchasers of property.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.3'81-82; Gell_18.4'4<q" Sall:Hist_4'1>; { McGushin_2'139.}
58 == Staienus, Bulbus, and Septimius Scaevola, who were involved in the trial of Oppianicus, are all convicted of corruption.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:Verr_1'38-39, :Clu_97-103, 115-116; { When Q.Hortensius was praetor; see MRR_2'81.}
59 == An earthquake causes damage to buildings at Rome.
60 == The senate sends out men to search for Metrophanes, one of Mithridates' generals.
Sall:Hist_4'2,L  incert'18;L  { McGushin_2'139-140.}
61 == The consuls enact further regulations about the taxation of Asia.
62 ?? C.Cassius, as a young boy, punches Faustus to stop him boasting about his father Sulla.
* Read Plutarch's account
ValMax_3.1'3; Plut:Brut_9'1-4; { Faustus was born in about 88 B.C; Cassius may have been slightly younger.}
63 SIC == Verres extorts money from Sosippus and Philocrates, brothers from Agyrium.

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