76 B.C. Olympiad 176.1

Consuls: Cn. Octavius M.f., C. Scribonius C.f. Curio
Athenian archon: Heracleodorus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Dion of Cyparissus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ALP << Pompeius crosses the Alps.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Hist_2.82'4; Lucan_8'808; ~Appian:BCiv_1'109.
2 SPA Perperna's soldiers insist on joining together with Sertorius' army.
3 ROM C.Antonius is accused by Caesar of extortion in the province of Achaea, but escapes punishment by appealing to the tribunes.
* Read Plutarch's account
QCic:Pet_8;(2)  Ascon_84;L  ~Plut:Caes_4'2-4; { CAH_9'210.}
4 SPA Sertorius attacks the Berones.
5 NAR Pompeius suppresses unrest in Gaul during his march to Spain.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegMan_28, 30; Caes:BCiv_1.35'4; Sall:Hist_2'22;L  { CAH_9'217.}
5a EGY {20 Pharmouthi -E = April} Document: AET_4.12, the epitaph of Pedubast, high priest of Memphis.
6 SPA Sertorius persuades his Spanish allies not to risk a pitched battle by showing them two ways of plucking horses' tails.
* Read Plutarch's account
ValMax_7.3'6; Frontin:Str_1.10'1-2, 4.7'6; ~Plut:Sert_16'1-11; Plinius:Ep_3.9'11.
7 Saguntum and other cities welcome Pompeius on his arrival in Spain.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_2'26;L  ~Plut:Pomp_18'1-3; { CAH_9'217.}
8 Sertorius forces the Characitani to surrender by filling their caves with dust.
9 CIL << Servilius subdues Cilicia, and captures the cities of Attalis, Corycus, Olympus, and Phaselis.
* Read Eutropius' account
Cic:Verr_2.1'56-57, 4'21, :LegAgr_1'5, 2'50; Sall:Hist_1'117-119,L  2'63-64;L  Strab_14'671;(5.7)  Flor_1.41'5; Eutrop_6.3'1; Oros_5.23'22; Schol:Bob_347;L  { MRR_2'63; McGushin_1'182.}
10 MAC Appius Claudius falls ill and dies while fighting in Macedonia.
* Read Eutropius' account
Eutrop_6.2'1; ~Oros_5.23'19; { OCD_c.}
11 SPA Sertorius ambushes and destroys a legion from Pompeius' army, along with its leader D.Laelius.
* Read Frontinus' account
Sall:Hist_2'28-30;L  Frontin:Str_2.5'31; ~Appian:BCiv_1'109; Obseq_58; Schol:Bob_98;L  { McGushin_1'200-201.}
12 Metellus defeats L.Hirtuleius at Italica.
* Read Frontinus' account
Frontin:Str_2.1'2; ~Oros_5.23'10; { CAH_9'218.}
13 Sertorius outmanoeuvres Pompeius and captures Lauro.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Sert_18'2-11, ~:Pomp_18'4; Flor_2.10'7; ~Appian:BCiv_1'109; ~Oros_5.23'6-9; { CAH_9'218.}
14 ROM Elections at Rome: Cicero, Cotta, and Hortensius are elected to various offices.
15 ARM << Tigranes founds the city of Tigranocerta; many of the inhabitants are forcibly transported from Cappadocia.
* Read Appian's account
Strab_11'532,(14.15)  12'539;(2.9)  Appian:Mith_67; Quadratus_18; { After Tigranes' invasion of Cappadocia.}
15a SYR ?? Tigranes settles Arabs in the region of Commagene and Cilicia.
16 PAL ?? Antipater, the father of Herodes, is seized by Idumaean bandits while still a young boy.
Euseb:HistEc_1.6'3, 7'11.
17 ?? Antipas, the grandfather of Herodes, is appointed by Alexander Jannaeus to be governor of Idumaea.
18 ?? Alexander Jannaeus builds a fortress at Machaerus.
19 The death of Alexander Jannaeus; his widow Alexandra takes over as queen of Judaea.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'106-107, '119, :AJ_13'398-404, '430, 20'242; ~[Euseb]:Chron_129; ChronPasc_452'B, 464'C, 509'C; +Hieron:Chron_1941; Sulpit_2'26; August:DeCiv_18'45;(↓↓)  ExcBarb_47B; { CAH_9'291; OCD_hasmoneans.}
20 Alexandra appoints her elder son Hyrcanus to be high priest.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'109, ~:AJ_13'405-409, 15'179, 20'242.
21 AEG == Document: Sherk_27c,B  recording the admission into the mysteries at Samothrace of Q.Minucius, P.Magulnius and others.
22 ROM == The tribune Sicinius jokes about the wild gesticulations of the consul Curio, while the other consul, Octavius, suffers from a debilitating illness.
* Read Cicero's account
+Cic:Brut_216-217; Sall:Hist_2'23;L  ValMax_9.14'5; Quint_11.3'129.
23 == Curio stops Sicinius from introducing political reforms.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Hist_3.34'8, '10; { CAH_9'211; OCD_s.}
24 == The close friendship of M.Cato and his brother Caepio.
~Plut:CatMin_3'8-10, :Mor_487'C.
25 == The birth of the writer C.Asinius Pollio.
~Hieron:Chron_2020; { OCD_p.}
26 ?? Document: Cic:QRosc_, Cicero's speech in defence of Q.Roscius Comoedus. { The date of this speech is very uncertain; it may have been ten years later.}
27 ETR == Omens, including an earthquake at Reate; the proconsul Silanus and his entourage see a "spark" falling off a star, which lights up the night sky.
+Plin:HN_2'100; +Obseq_59.
28 ITA == Staienus accepts a bribe to fix the decision in a court case at Atella concerning the estate of Safinius.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:Clu_68, 99; { Two years before the prosecution of Oppianicus.}
29 SIC == During Sex.Peducaeus' first year as governor of Sicily, there is a plentiful supply of cheap corn.
~Cic:Verr_2.3'216; { MRR_2'66.}
30 A local census is conducted in Sicily.
Cic:Verr_2.2'139; { MRR_2'66.}
31 SPA == Metellus receives pay and provisions from Gaul.
Sall:Hist_2.82'9; { In the year before Pompeius' letter to the senate.}
31a EGY == Psherenptah is appointed high priest of Memphis, and presides at the formal coronation of Ptolemy XII.
AET_4.13; { Hölbl_p223; Bennett.}
31b ASI Document: THI_204, a decree of Mylasa mentioning M. Silanus as its patron.
32 ?? Rutilius carefully obeys the regulations of the Lex Fannia, by keeping to a frugal lifestyle.
Athen_6.274'c-d; { Rutilius is last mentioned in 78 B.C., when he must have been quite old.}
33 CYR ?? Aretaphila frees Cyrene from the tyrants Nicocrates and Laander.
* Read Polyaenus' account
Plut:Mor_255'E-257'E; Polyaen_8.38'1; { This tale is dated to the time of Mithridates, before Cyrene became a Roman province.}

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