87 B.C. Olympiad 173.2

Consuls: Cn. Octavius Cn.f., L. Cornelius L.f. Cinna
Athenian archon: Philanthes

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ITA Sulla leaves Italy to take charge of the war against Mithridates.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Diod_37.2'13; FGrH_252'A1; Plut:Sull_4'7, ~10'8; +Appian:BCiv_1'64; DioCass_fr.102'1; Eutrop_5.4'2.
1a PER {Apellaeus -M} Document: THI_29.A, 'Avroman Parchment' - contract for the sale of a vineyard in Media Atropatene.
1b SPA {15 May -R} Document: CIL_1.2951a, 'Tabula_Contrebiensis' - a judgement about land and water rights near Contrebia.
2 AS+ Omens appear to Mithridates in Asia, and other omens occur at Rome and Athens.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Cic:ND_2'14; +Plin:HN_2'92; ~Plut:Sull_11'1-4; Paus_9.6'6.
3 GRE << Q.Bruttius Sura(?) holds off Archelaus' attack near Chaeroneia.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sull_11'5-7; ~Appian:Mith_29; { CAH_9'151; MRR_2'35.}
4 ROM Cinna attempts to pass a law to redistribute the new Italian citizens amongst all the Roman tribes, but is expelled from Rome by Octavius.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Cat_3'24, :Sest_77, :Phil_8'7; +FastCap_p74<x>; +[Liv]:Per_79; +Vell_2.20'2-3; +Plut:Sert_4'7-9, +:Mar_41'1-2; +Flor_2.9'9-10; +Appian:BCiv_1'64-65; GranLic_15; Obseq_70<x>; [Vict]:VirIll_69'2; Exsuper_23-26; { CAH_9'174; OCD_c.}
5 GRE Sulla arrives in Greece and forces the Boeotians to abandon their support for Mithridates.
* Read Memnon's account
Memn_22'11; +Appian:Mith_30; Paus_9.7'4; { CAH_9'153; OCD_m.}
6 Lucullus order Bruttius to return to Macedonia, leaving Sulla to fight against Mithridates' army.
7 ROM << The birth of Faustus and Fausta, twin children of Sulla and Metella.
Plut:Sull_34'5; { The twins were born before Sulla's enemies gained control of Italy (Plut:Sull_22'1).}
8 Culleolus utters prophecies about the civil war at Rome.
9 AS1 Magnesia holds out against Mithridates.
* Read Livy's account
[Liv]:Per_81; Plut:Mor_809'B-D; Schol:Bob_95-96.
10 Stratoniceia remains loyal to the Romans.
OGIS_441'6-14, '46-51, '83-86<t=B  Sherk_63>.
10a BOS << Document: SEG_41.625, a decree of Phanagoria, granting citizenship to mercenaries.
11 LYC << Ptolemy Alexander allegedly draws up a will bequeathing Egypt to the Romans.
Cic:LegAgr_1'11, 2'41; { CAH_9'237; ~Hölbl_p213.}
12 CYP << Ptolemy Alexander is killed in an attack on Cyprus.
[Euseb]:Chron_165; ChronPasc_449'A; { Hölbl_p211; Bennett.}
13 ITA Norbanus, the governor of Sicily, saves Rhegium from an attack by the Italians.
* Read Diodorus' account
Cic:Verr_2.2'5, 5'8; ~Diod_37.2'13-14; { MRR_2'29.}
14 Cinna raises an army of supporters from the Italian towns.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:Per_79; +Vell_2.20'4; +Plut:Mar_41'2; +Appian:BCiv_1'65-66; Exsuper_27; { CAH_9'174.}
15 ETR Marius returns from exile, and advances through Etruria, where he is joined by Brutus and other exiles.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Diod_37.29'3; +[Liv]:Per_79; +Vell_2.20'5; Plut:Sert_5'1-4, +:Mar_41'3-6, :Pomp_11'1; +Flor_2.9'10-11; +Appian:BCiv_1'67; GranLic_16-17; [Vict]:VirIll_67'6; +Oros_5.19'8; { CAH_9'175.}
16 PON << Some Athenians, forced into exile by the tyranny of Aristion, escape to Amisus.
17 GRE Sulla besieges Archelaus at Athens.
* Read Appian's account
[Liv]:Per_81; FGrH_252'A2; ~Plut:Sull_12'1-4; +Appian:Mith_30-32; Paus_1.20'5; Eutrop_5.6'1; { CAH_9'153; Green_721.}
18 EPI The Thracians invade Epirus and plunder the temple at Dodona.
19 ROM Cinna, Carbo, Sertorius, and Marius surround Rome with their forces.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:Per_79; Plut:Sert_5'5; +Flor_2.9'13; +Appian:BCiv_1'67; GranLic_17; Oros_5.19'9.
20 Cn.Pompeius is summoned to defend Rome, but avoids engaging in battle with the rebel forces.
* Read Velleius' account
+[Liv]:Per_79; +Vell_2.21'2; GranLic_18; +Obseq_56a; +Oros_5.19'10; { CAH_9'175; OCD_p.}
21 ETR Marius captures and sacks Ostia.
* Read Plutarch's account
+[Liv]:Per_79; FGrH_252'A2; +Plut:Mar_42'1-3; +Flor_2.9'12; +Appian:BCiv_1'67;(↓)  GranLic_18; +Oros_5.19'17; { CAH_9'176.}
22 CIS Cinna captures Ariminum and Placentia.
* Read Granius' account
+ValMax_4.7'5; Plin:HN_8'144; +Appian:BCiv_1'67;(↓)  GranLic_20.
23 ITA Metellus fails to agree peace terms with the Samnites.
* Read Dio's account
Sall:Hist_1'23;L  +[Liv]:Per_80; +Appian:BCiv_1'68; GranLic_20-21; DioCass_fr.102'6-7; { CAH_9'176.}
24 ROM The young Cn.Pompeius stops a mutiny in his father's army.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegMan_28; Plut:Pomp_3'1-5.
25 AEG Document: CIL_1.717 & 1.2252, inscriptions set up by Romans called Orbius on Delos.
26 Document: CIL_1.712, an inscription in honour of Sulla on Delos.
27 Lucullus coins money for Sulla's army.
~Plut:Luc_2'2; { MRR_2'34.}
28 CIL Mithridates encourages pirates to carry out raids in the Mediterranean Sea.
29 ROM Marius and Cinna launch an attack on Rome, but are repelled; a soldier in Pompeius' army discovers that he has killed his own brother.
* Read Granius' account
[Liv]:Per_79; Vell_2.21'3; ValMax_5.5'4; Tac:Hist_3'51, '83; Plut:Mar_42'4-7; GranLic_18-20; Oros_5.19'11-14.
30 CIS ?? Pompeius establishes a Roman colony at Comum.
31 ROM ++ The greed and unpopularity of Cn.Pompeius Strabo.
* Read Plutarch's account
ValMax_9.14'2; Plin:HN_7'54; Plut:Pomp_1'2, '4, 37'4, :Mor_203'B.
32 Pompeius is killed, either by a bolt of lightning or by the plague which is afflicting his army.
* Read Granius' account
+[Liv]:Per_80; +Vell_2.21'4; +Plut:Pomp_1'2, :Mor_553'B; Appian:BCiv_1'68; GranLic_21-23; +Obseq_56a; +Oros_5.19'18; { CAH_9'177; OCD_p.}
33 ITA Plautius is defeated and killed by the Samnites.
34 ROM Fimbria defeats P.Crassus.
35 The senate sends envoys to Cinna and Marius, and agrees to allow them to enter Rome.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_38.1'1-3'1; +[Liv]:Per_80; FGrH_252'A2; +Vell_2.21'6; +Plut:Mar_43'1-4; +Flor_2.9'13; +Appian:BCiv_1'69-70; GranLic_23; Ampel_42'2; [Vict]:VirIll_69'2; +Oros_5.19'19; { CAH_9'178; OCD_c.}
36 ++ An assessment of Octavius' ability as an orator.
37 Octavius is murdered by Censorinus, an associate of Cinna.
* Read Appian's account
+Cic:Tusc_5'55; +FastCap_p74; +[Liv]:Per_80; FGrH_252'A2; +Vell_2.22'1; +ValMax_1.6'10; Ascon_23;L (↓)  Plut:Sull_12'13, +:Mar_42'8; +Flor_2.9'13; +Appian:BCiv_1'71; [Vict]:VirIll_69'2; August:DeCiv_3'27;(↓)  { CAH_9'178; OCD_o.}
38 ++ The speeches of C.Caesar are famous for their wit.
Cic:Off_1'108; Plin:HN_17'32.L 
39 The brothers C. and L.Caesar are killed.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DeOr_3'10, +:Brut_307, :Tusc_5'55; +[Liv]:Per_80; ValMax_5.3'3, 9.2'2; Ascon_25;L  Suet:Calig_60'1; Flor_2.9'14; +Appian:BCiv_1'72; August:DeCiv_3'27;(↓)  { CAH_9'178; OCD_c.}
40 ++ The early family life of M.Crassus, the future triumvir.
41 P.Crassus and his elder son commit suicide, to avoid capture by the followers of Cinna.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Sest_48, :DeOr_3'10, :Tusc_5'55; Diod_37.29'5; +[Liv]:Per_80; Ascon_23,L (↓)  25;L  Lucan_2'124; Plut:Crass_4'1, 6'3; Flor_2.9'14; +Appian:BCiv_1'72; August:DeCiv_3'27;(↓)  { CAH_9'178; OCD_c.}
42 ?? Sayings of M.Antonius.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Clu_140; ValMax_7.3'5;'13, 12.1'21, 9'5.
43 ++ General comments on the character of Antonius.
44 Antonius is hunted down and killed by Marius' soldiers.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:DeOr_3'10, +:Brut_307, :Tusc_5'55, :Fam_6.2'2; +[Liv]:Per_80; +Vell_2.22'3; ValMax_8.9'2, 9.2'2; Ascon_25;L  Lucan_2'121-124; +Plut:Mar_44'1-7, :Ant_1'1; Flor_2.9'14; +Appian:BCiv_1'72; { CAH_9'178; OCD_a.}
45 Q.Ancharius is put to death because Marius fails to return his greeting.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Plut:Mar_43'5-6; Flor_2.9'16; +Appian:BCiv_1'73; August:DeCiv_3'27.(↓) 
46 Merula is forced to commit suicide, despite abdicating from the consulship.
* Read Appian's account
+FastCap_p74<x>; +Vell_2.22'2; ValMax_9.12'5; Tac:Ann_3'58; Flor_2.9'16; +Appian:BCiv_1'74; August:DeCiv_3'27;(↓)  { CAH_9'178.}
47 ?? The grammarian Lutatius Daphnis is bought and then set free by Q.Catulus.
48 ++ General remarks on the character of Catulus, and the purity of his Latin diction.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_132-134, :Acad_2'148, :Off_1'133; Schol:Bob_176.L 
49 Catulus commits suicide by suffocating himself.
* Read Velleius' account
Cic:DeOr_3'9, +:Brut_307, :Tusc_5'56, :ND_3'80; ~Diod_38.4'2-3; Vell_2.22'3-4; ValMax_9.12'4; Lucan_2'173-174; +Plut:Mar_44'8; Flor_2.9'15; +Appian:BCiv_1'74; August:DeCiv_3'27;(↓)  { CAH_9'178; OCD_c.}
50 Cornutus is hidden by his slaves, and so escapes death.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Plut:Mar_43'10; +Appian:BCiv_1'73.
51 Atilius Serranus, P.Lentulus, C.Numitorius, M.Baebius and other prominent Romans are killed by Marius and Cinna; and Sulla is declared a public enemy.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Cat_3'24, :RedSen_38, :Tusc_5'55; ~Diod_38.4'1; +[Liv]:Per_80; +Vell_2.22'1; Lucan_2'99-121; Plut:Sert_5'6, :Sull_22'2, +:Mar_43'6-9, 44'9, :Pomp_4'3; Flor_2.9'13-14; Appian:Mith_51, 60, +:BCiv_1'71-72,(↓)  '73; DioCass_fr.102'8-11a; Eutrop_5.7'3; Exsuper_28; +Oros_5.19'19-23; { CAH_9'179.}
52 Ordinary Romans refuse to plunder the property of the victims of Marius and Cinna.
* Read Velleius' account
+Vell_2.22'5; ValMax_4.3'14b; AmmMarc_30.8'9.
53 AFR Metellus stays away from Rome and goes into voluntary exile.
Appian:BCiv_1'80; { OCD_m.}
54 GRE Lucullus protects the city of Chaeroneia from reprisals, after the murder of the commander of the Roman garrison by Damon.
55 Sulla retires to Eleusis for the winter.
56 ASI << Mithridates grants additional rights of asylum to the temple of Artemis at Ephesus.
57 ROM Rumours about the return of Sulla bring a halt to the killing at Rome.
58 Cinna and Marius declare themselves consuls for the following year without any elections.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_80; CIL_6.41024; ~Appian:BCiv_1'75; Ampel_42'2; { OCD_m.}
59 ?? C.Fimbria refuses to make a judgement on the character of M.Lutatius Pinthia.
Cic:Off_3'77; ValMax_7.2'4.
60 ++ C.Fimbria is a competent, though rather harsh, orator.
Cic:Brut_129; { Fimbria was consul in 104 B.C.}
60a << P. Gabinius is prosecuted by L. Piso, for crimes committed in Achaea.
Cic:DivCaec_64, :Arch_9; { Gabinius was praetor in 89 B.C.: MRR_2'24.}
61 << The birth of C.Cassius Longinus.
Plut:Brut_29'1, 40'4; Appian:BCiv_4'89, '113;(↓)  { Cassius was born in October, and he was older than Brutus - but see the analysis by D.A. Alexander, pp. 56-58.}
62 GRE == L.Titius reports a message from Jupiter, promising Sulla victory in the war against Mithridates.

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