109 B.C. Olympiad 167.4

Consuls: Q. Caecilius L.f. Metellus, M. Junius D.f. Silanus
Athenian archon: Jason

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1 NUM {January -R} Jugurtha defeats A.Albinus and forces him to agree to a humiliating treaty.
+Sall:Jug_37'3-38'10; ~[Liv]:Per_64; Flor_1.36'9; (?) Fronto:Ep_2'p20; Eutrop_4.26'2; AmmMarc_25.9'11; ~Oros_5.15'6; { CAH_9'29.}
2 ROM The senate rejects the treaty with Jugurtha, and Sp.Albinus returns to Africa.
+Sall:Jug_39'1-5; ~[Liv]:Per_64.
3 The tribune C.Mamilius sets up a commission to enquire into corruption in the war against Jugurtha; Bestia, Galba, and others are found guilty.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DeOr_2'283; +Sall:Jug_40'1-41'1; Cic:Brut_127-128; { CAH_9'89, '519.}
4 Metellus recruits extra soldiers, and laws which hinder the preparations for war are repealed.
Cic:DeOr_2'275; +Sall:Jug_43'1-5; ~Ascon_68;L  { CAH_9'30, '37.}
5 << Metellus restores the temple of Magna Mater.
Ovid:Fast_4'348, '351-352.
6 NUM Metellus arrives in Africa, and restores discipline in the Roman army.
+Sall:Jug_44'1-46'4; +ValMax_2.7'2, 9.1'5; Frontin:Str_4.1'2; SHA:Hadr_10'2; +Eutrop_4.27'1; +Oros_5.15'7; { CAH_9'784.}
7 NAR The Cimbri ask to settle on Roman land, but the senate refuses.
* Read Florus' account
~[Liv]:Per_65; Flor_1.38'1-3.
8 GRE ++ The Academic philosopher Cleitomachus expounds the doctrines of his teacher Carneades.
9 << The death of Cleitomachus; Philon becoms head of the Academic school.
~Apollod:Fr_56; Phld:Acad_33; { OCD_c.}
9a AEG << Document: OGIS_342, a dedication at Delos on behalf of Nicomedes III of Bithynia.
10 CHE << The birth of Asander, king of Bosporus.
~Lucian:Macr_17; { He was 93 years old when he died, in 17.B.C. - see OCD_bosporus.}
11 MOE << M.Minucius defeats the Scordisci.
* Read Frontinus' account
CIL_1.692; ~[Liv]:Per_65; Frontin:Str_2.4'3; Flor_1.39'5; Festus:Brev_9'2; Eutrop_4.27'3; AmmMarc_27.4'10.
12 NUM Metellus defeats Jugurtha near the river Muthul.
+Sall:Jug_46'5-54'10; +[Liv]:Per_65; +Eutrop_4.27'1; +Oros_5.15'7.
13 NAR The Cimbri defeat Silanus.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_34.37'1; +[Liv]:Per_65; Vell_2.12'2; +Ascon_68,L  80;L  Flor_1.38'4; { CAH_9'24; OCD_c.}
14 SYR {29 Gorpiaeus = September} Document: RC_71-72 (OGIS_257), a letter from Antiochus VIII to Ptolemy X concerning Seleuceia.
14a ?? Document: RC_70, a letter from Antiochus concerning Zeus of Baetocaece.
15 NUM Metellus unsuccessfully besieges Zama.
+Sall:Jug_55'1-60'7; Flor_1.36'11.
16 Marius makes himself popular in the Roman army.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_34.38'1-2; +Plut:Mar_7'1-5; Exsuper_1-2.
17 Metellus returns to winter quarters.
+Sall:Jug_61'1-3; Appian:Num_2'
18 == The censor Scaurus organises building works, including temples of Fides and Mens, but is forced to resign after his colleague Drusus dies.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:ND_2'61; +FastCap_p72; Strab_5'217;(1.11)  Plut:Mor_276'F, 318'E, 322'C; [Vict]:VirIll_72'8; AmmMarc_27.3'9; { CAH_9'784; OCD_s.}
18a {11 Choiak -E = December} Document: AET_9.6'B, statutes of the choachytes at Djeme.
19 GRE == Document: CIL_1.692, an inscription commemorating Minucius' victory over the Scordisci.
20 GRE ?? Panaetius decides not to apply for citizenship at Athens.
21 ?? Poseidonius and many others are pupils of Panaetius.
Phld:Sto_69-79; Suda_P'2107.
21a ++ General comments on the character of Panaetius.
Phld:Sto_55, 61-68.
22 == The death of the philosopher Panaetius.
* Read Suda's account
Cic:Off_3'8; Suda_P'184; { OCD_p; Green_639.}
23 << L.Crassus travels to Athens as quaestor, and meets some of the eminent philosophers there.
Cic:DeOr_1'45-46, '57, 2'365, 3'75; { MRR_1'546.}
24 ROM ?? Egilius replies in sort when insulted by L.Opimius.
25 == Opimius is condemned by Mamilius' commision.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Sest_140, :Pis_95, :Planc_69-70, :Rep_1'6, :Brut_128; Vell_2.7'3; Ascon_17;L (↓)  Plut:CGrac_18'2-3; Schol:Bob_141.L 
26 == The Lex Mamilia, a law about arbiters, is passed.
Cic:Leg_1'55;L  { MRR_1'546.}
27 << The birth of C.Marius, son of Marius.
* Read Velleius' account
~Vell_2.26'1; Appian:BCiv_1'87; [Vict]:VirIll_68'1; { OCD_m.}

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