147 B.C. Olympiad 158.2

Consuls: P. Cornelius P.f. Scipio Africanus Aemilianus, C. Livius M.Aemiliani f. Drusus
Athenian archon: Epicrates
Achaean General: Critolaus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 AFR Mancinus captures part of Carthage.
* Read Florus' account
~[Liv]:Per_51; Plin:HN_35'23; Flor_1.31'10-12; { CAH_8'159.}
2 Scipio rescues Mancinus from a Carthaginian counter-attack.
* Read Appian's account
+Appian:Pun_113-114; +Zonar_9'29.(p391) 
3 Scipio improves discipline in the Roman army.
+Appian:Pun_115-117; { OCD_s.}
4 PEL << Philinus of Corinth is put to death by Diaeus.
~Polyb_38.18'6; { Walbank_p716.}
5 Menalcidas, the Spartan leader, is defeated by the Achaeans and commits suicide.
* Read Pausanias' account
Paus_7.13'6-8, 16'6; { Walbank_p699.}
6 AFR Scipio breaks into the Megara district of Carthage.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_51; +Appian:Pun_117; AmmMarc_24.2'16-17; +Zonar_9'29.(p393) 
7 Hasdrubal tortures and kills Roman prisoners.
* Read Appian's account
Polyb_38.8'1; +[Liv]:EpOx_51'132-133;L  +Appian:Pun_118; +Obseq_20; Suda_A'4134; +Zonar_9'29.(p393) 
8 LUS Viriathus escapes from Vetilius.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:EpOx_51'136;L  Frontin:Str_2.13'4; Appian:Hisp_61-63'
9 PER << Mithridates of Parthia conquers large areas of Media and the East, as far as the borders of India.
* Read Justin's account
~Diod_33.18'1; Just_41.6'6-8; Trog:Prol_41<v>; ~Oros_5.4'16; { CAH_8'363, '371.}
10 PEL ?? Ptolemy VIII visits Corinth.
Athen_2.43'd-e<q" PtolEuerg>.
11 Roman envoys, led by L.Orestes, address the Achaeans at Corinth, and are allegedly assaulted there.
* Read Pausanias' account
~Polyb_38.9'1-2; Cic:LegMan_11; [Liv]:Per_51, +:EpOx_51'135-136;L  Strab_8'381;(6.23)  Vell_1.12'1; Flor_1.32'3; Paus_7.14'1-3; DioCass_fr.72'1-2; Just_34.1'6-9; Eutrop_4.14'1; { CAH_8'322; Green_450.}
12 MAC << Metellus suppresses a minor revolt led by Alexander, another pretended son of Perseus.
Zonar_9'28;(p387)  { Walbank_p684.}
13 THR << Byzantium loses its liberty as a punishment for supporting Andriscus.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_32.15'6; FGrH_390'35<q" HschMil>.
14 SYR Demetrius II invades Syria.
* Read Josephus' account
+1Macc_10'67-69; Joseph:AJ_13'86-87; Just_35.2'2; Sulpit_2'24; { CAH_8'364; Hölbl_p193.}
15 ROM Aurelius Orestes reports back on his embassy to Achaea.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_38.9'1-8; DioCass_fr.72'2.
16 AFR Scipio cuts off Carthage by land.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:EpOx_51'131-132;L  +Appian:Pun_119-120; +Zonar_9'29;(p393)  { CAH_8'159.}
17 LUS Viriathus defeats Vetilius.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_33.1'3; [Liv]:Per_52, +:EpOx_52'146-148;L  Flor_1.33'16; Appian:Hisp_63; [Vict]:VirIll_71'1<v>;L  Oros_5.4'2; { CAH_8'133; Green_713.}
18 AFR Scipio builds a mole to prevent supplies reaching Carthage by sea, and defeats the Carthaginians in a sea battle.
* Read Appian's account
[Liv]:Per_51, +:EpOx_51'133-134;L  Strab_17'833;(3.15)  Plut:Mor_200'A-B; Flor_1.31'13-15; +Appian:Pun_121-123; Suda_D'935; +Zonar_9'29;(p393-5)  { CAH_8'159.}
19 PEL Sex.Caesar leads another Roman embassy to Achaea.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_38.10'1-13; Paus_7.14'3-4; { CAH_8'322; Green_450.}
20 PAL Jonathan defeats Apollonius, the general of Demetrius.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_10'70-87; Joseph:AJ_13'88-101.
21 AFR Scipio captures the outer quay at Carthage.
* Read Appian's account
~Polyb_38.19'1; +Appian:Pun_124-125'
22 PEL An inconclusive meeting between Critolaus and the Roman envoys at Tegea.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_38.11'1-6; Paus_7.14'4-5; DioCass_fr.72'2; { CAH_8'322; Green_450.}
23 AFR Scipio captures Nepheris.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_51; +Appian:Pun_126; Zonar_9'30;(p395)  { CAH_8'160.}
24 Negotiations between Hasdrubal and Gulussa.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_38.7'1-8'15; Diod_32.22'1; Suda_A'4133; Zonar_9'30;(p395)  { CAH_8'160; Walbank_p697.}

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