149 B.C. Olympiad 157.4

Consuls: L. Marcius C.f. Censorinus, M'. Manilius P.f.
Athenian archon: (?) Lysiades
Achaean General: Damocritus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM << Andriscus escapes to Asia Minor.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_32.15'1-5; ~[Liv]:Per_49; Ampel_16'5; Zonar_9'28.(p383) 
2 << A Spartan embassy appeals to the senate about a disputed territory, but they are told to accept Achaean jurisdiction.
Paus_7.12'2-5; { Diaeus used this decision as a pretext for his aggressive policy towards Sparta.}
3 PON << Prusias plots against Nicomedes.
* Read Appian's account
Appian:Mith_4-6; Just_34.4'1-3; Zonar_9'28;(p383)  { CAH_8'374.}
3a ASI << Document: OGIS_323, a decree of Pergamon in honour of an envoy to Rome.
4 AFR << Utica surrenders to Rome.
* Read Appian's account
CIL_1.585'461<t= ARS_51>; ~Polyb_36.3'1, '4; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'89-90;L  ~Appian:Pun_75; { CAH_8'152; OCD_u.}
5 The Romans declare war on Carthage: start of the Third Punic War.
* Read Appian's account
Polyb_3.5'5; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'88-89;L  Strab_17'833;(3.15)  Vell_1.12'2; Flor_1.31'3-6; +Appian:Pun_75, 86; Ampel_46'7; +Eutrop_4.10'1; +Oros_4.22'1; Zonar_9'26;(p367)  { CAH_8'152; OCD_p.}
6 The Carthaginians send an embassy to try to avert war.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_36.3'1-8; Diod_32.6'1; +Appian:Pun_76; Zonar_9'26.(p367) 
7 The Carthaginian embassy decides to formally surrender to the Romans.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_36.3'9-4'7, 9'12-13; Diod_32.6'1; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'90-91;L  +Appian:Pun_76, 80; Zonar_9'26.(p367) 
8 THR Andriscus crosses to Thrace, where he is welcomed by a chieftain called Teres and begins to collect an army.
* Read Diodorus' account
~Polyb_36.10'1-3; Diod_32.15'6-7; Ampel_16'5; Zonar_9'28;(p385)  { Andriscus arrived in the area only three or four months before he gained control of Macedonia (Polyb_36.10'4).}
9 AFR The Carthaginians hand over hostages to the Romans.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_36.4'8-5'9, 11'3; Diod_32.6'2; ~[Liv]:Per_49; +Appian:Pun_77, 79, 80, 81; +Zonar_9'26;(p369)  { CAH_8'152.}
10 The Carthaginians hand over their weapons to the Romans.
* Read Appian's account
~Polyb_36.6'1-7; Diod_32.6'2; ~[Liv]:Per_49; Strab_17'833;(3.15)  Flor_1.31'7; +Appian:Pun_78-80; +Oros_4.22'1-2; +Zonar_9'26.(p369) 
11 SIC Polybius is summoned by Manilius to Lilybaeum, but returns home when it appears that war has been avoided.
~Polyb_36.11'1-12'5; { Green_279<148?>; Walbank_p670.}
12 AFR The Romans order the Carthaginians to abandon their city.
* Read Appian's account
~Polyb_36.7'1-5; Diod_32.6'2-4; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'91-93;L  Flor_1.31'8-9; +Appian:Pun_80-93;(↓)  +Oros_4.22'3; Suda_B'320; +Zonar_9'26;(p369)  { CAH_8'152.}
13 The Carthaginians decide that war is inevitable, and begin to make preparations.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_32.9'1; Strab_17'833;(3.15)  Frontin:Str_1.7'3; Plut:Mor_828'C; Flor_1.31'10; +Appian:Pun_93-94; DioCass_fr.(Loeb2)p370; +Oros_4.22'4; +Zonar_9'26;(p371)  { CAH_8'159.}
14 GRE << Document: Austin_157B  (Syll_675), a decree of Oropus in honour of Hieron of Aegeira.
15 ROM The tribune Libo attempts to condemn Galba for his behaviour in Spain, and Cato joins in the accusation.
* Read Cicero's account
Cato:Orig_7'2-4;L (107)  Cic:DivCaec_66, :Mur_59, :DeOr_1'227-228, 2'263, ~:Brut_80, 89-90, +:Att_12.5b'1; Liv_39.40'12; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'98-100;L  ValMax_8.1'2, 7'1; Quint_2.15'8; Plut:CatMai_15'5; Tac:Ann_3'66; Fronto:Ep_1'p172; Gell_1.23'1-13; [Vict]:VirIll_47'7; { CAH_8'182; OCD_g.}
16 PON The Romans send three envoys to Bithynia, causing Cato to comment caustically on the quality of the chosen envoys.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_36.14'1-5; Diod_32.20'1; [Liv]:Per_50, +:EpOx_50'110-115;L  Plut:CatMai_9'1; Appian:Mith_6; Just_34.4'4; { CAH_8'375.}
17 MAC ?? Document: Austin_137,B  a gymnasiarchy law from Beroea. { See also: BD(2004)_78 ( PDF ).}
18 MAC ++ The prosperous condition of Macedonia under the republics.
19 Andriscus gains control of Macedonia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_36.10'4-5; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'100-102;L  Vell_1.11'1; Flor_1.30'1-3; Ampel_44'2; +[Euseb]:Chron_239,(↓)  241;(↓)  !Hieron:Chron_1865; Zonar_9'28;(p385)  { CAH_8'321; OCD_a.}
20 PEL The Achaean League seeks to impose its authority in Sparta by threatening war.
* Read Pausanias' account
Paus_7.12'3-7; DioCass_fr.72'1; Zonar_9'31;(p401)  { CAH_8'321; Walbank_p671-672.}
21 AFR The consuls assault Carthage.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_32.14'1; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'93-94;L  Plin:HN_7'47; +Appian:Pun_94-98;(↓)  +Eutrop_4.10'2; +Oros_4.22'4-7; +Zonar_9'26;(p371)  { CAH_8'159; Green_713.}
22 GRE Greek reactions to Andriscus' revolt and the Punic War.
23 AFR Censorinus returns to Rome.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_49; +Appian:Pun_99; +Oros_4.22'7; +Zonar_9'27;(p373)  { CAH_8'159.}
24 Phameas attacks Roman foraging parties.
* Read Appian's account
~Polyb_36.8'1-3; Diod_32.7'1; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'95;L  +Appian:Pun_100-101; +Eutrop_4.10'2; Suda_A'1596, A'2235, Ph'62; +Zonar_9'27.(p373) 
25 MAC Andriscus is driven back from Thessaly by the Romans and their allies.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_36.10'5; [Liv]:Per_50, +:EpOx_50'107-108;L  Zonar_9'28.(p385) 
26 PON ?? A style of cup is named after Prusias.
27 ++ General comments on the character and appearance of Prusias, who was born with a deformed upper jaw.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_36.15'1-7; ValMax_1.8e'12; Plin:HN_7'69; Arrian:Fr_29; Suda_A'1333, P'2913.
28 Prusias, king of Bithynia, is killed at Nicomedeia.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_32.19'1, 21'1; [Liv]:Per_50, +:EpOx_50'109-110;L  Appian:Mith_7; Just_34.4'5; Zonar_9'28;(p383)  { CAH_8'374; OCD_p.}
28a ASI Document: OGIS_299, a decree of Pergamon in honour of a priestess of Athena.
29 AFR The Romans are defeated at Nepheris; Scipio rescues three cohorts which were trapped after the fighting.
* Read Appian's account
~Polyb_36.8'4-6; Cic:Tusc_4'50; Diod_32.8'1; [Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'95-97;L  Plin:HN_22'13;L  +Appian:Pun_102-104; DioCass_fr.70'4-9; [Vict]:VirIll_58'4; +Eutrop_4.10'3; +Oros_4.22'7; +Zonar_9'27;(p375)  { CAH_8'159; OCD_s.}
30 Manilius informs a senatorial commission of the remarkable achievements of Scipio Aemilianus.
* Read Appian's account
+Appian:Pun_105; Zonar_9'27.(p379) 
31 ROM Cato praises Scipio.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_32.9a'2; ~[Liv]:Per_49; ~Plut:CatMai_27'5-7, :Mor_200'A, 805'A; Suda_K'1113.
32 ?? Cato asks for Ti.Gracchus as his judge.
33 ?? Various young orators begin to establish their reputation while Cato is still alive.
34 ?? Cato learns the Greek language in his old age.
* Read Quintilian's account
Cic:Acad_2'5; ValMax_8.7'1; Quint_12.11'23.
35 ?? Cato criticises A.Postumius for writing a history in Greek.
* Read Suda's account
Polyb_39.1'1-9; Suda_A'4446.
36 ?? Sayings and witticisms of Cato.
* Read Plutarch's account
Polyb_39.1'5; Cic:DeOr_2'279, :Rep_2'2, :Off_2'89; Plin:HN_19'24;L  Plut:CatMai_8'1-9'12, 19'5-8; Plinius:Ep_4.7'5; Plut:Mor_29'E,(10)  127'F, 131'D, 198'D-199'C, 199'E, 544'C, 668'B-C,(Q4.4)  759'C,(16)  784'A, 820'B, 829'F, 996'D; Athen_6.274'f-275'a; AmmMarc_14.6'8, 15.12'4, 16.5'2; Macrob:Sat_2.2'4.L 
37 ++ General comments on the humble origins, old-fashioned virtue, and long political career of Cato.
* Read Seneca's account
Cic:Verr_2.5'180, :Mur_66, :DeOr_1'171, 3'135, :Rep_1'1, 2'1-3, 3'40, :Leg_2'5,L  :Amic_6; Nepos:Cat_3'1-2; Hor:Od_3.21'11-12; ValMax_3.4'6, 8.15'2; Sen:Ep_87'9-10; Plin:HN_7'100, 14'44-45;L  Quint_12.3'9; Plut:CatMai_1'2-2'3, 4'1-7'3, 15'1-6, 21'1-8, 23'1-6, 24'11-25'4, 28'1-4, 29'4-31'4; Fronto:Ep_2'p200; Ampel_19'8; [Vict]:VirIll_47'7.
38 The death of Cato.
* Read Cicero's account
+Cic:Brut_61, 80; +Vell_1.13'1; Plin:HN_14'45,L  +29'15;L  Plut:CatMai_27'5; { CAH_8'538; OCD_c.}
39 PEL Callicrates is sent by the Achaean League to oppose the Spartan envoys in Rome, but dies on the way.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_36.13'1-2; Paus_7.12'8; { CAH_8'321<150/49>; OCD_c.}
40 ROM L.Piso passes a law against extortion, the Lex Calpurnia de Repetundis.
* Read Cicero's account
CIL_1.583'23<x>, '74<t= ARS_45>; Lucil_607-608; Cic:Verr_2.3'195, 4'56, :Mur_46, +:Brut_106, :Off_2'75; Schol:Bob_96; Justin:Dig_41.1.48'1<q" Paulus>; { CAH_8'131-132; OCD_p.}
41 The Ludi Saeculares are celebrated.
* Read Livy's account
[Liv]:Per_49, +:EpOx_49'103-105;L  Phlegon:Fr_40'4;(p37)  +Censor:DN_17'11; { OCD_s.}
42 SYR Ammonius murders Laodice and other members of the Syrian royal family.
~[Liv]:Per_50; { CAH_8'362.}

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