160 B.C. Olympiad 155.1

Consuls: L. Anicius L.f. Gallus, M. Cornelius C.f. Cethegus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Leonidas of Rhodes (II)

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1 Document: BD_142, a petition from Ptolemaeus complaining about intrusion on his father's house.
2 PAL Razis commits suicide to avoid capture by the Syrians.
3 {13 Adar -J = March} Nicanor is defeated and killed at Adasa.
* Read 2Maccabees' account
#1Macc_7'39-50; #2Macc_15'1-37; #MegTaan_12'3; Joseph:BJ_1'47, :AJ_12'406-412; Just_36.1'10; Sulpit_2'23; { CAH_8'536; Green_522=161.}
4 {? April} A treaty between Judas and the Romans.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
1Macc_8'1-32; Diod_40.2'1; Joseph:AJ_12'414-419; Just_36.3'9; ChronPasc_440'C; +Hieron:Chron_1857; Sulpit_2'23; { CAH_8'536; Green_522=161.}
5 {Nisan -J = April/May} Judas is defeated by Bacchides and killed at Berea.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
+1Macc_9'1-22; Joseph:BJ_1'47, :AJ_12'420-13'1; Porph:Fr_52; !Hieron:Chron_1860; Sulpit_2'23; ExcBarb_36A, 47A; ChronSynt_95;(↓)  { CAH_8'536; Green_522.}
6 SYR << Demetrius suppresses a rebellion by Timarchus, satrap of Media.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_31.27a'1; Appian:Syr_47; Trog:Prol_34; { CAH_8'358; OCD_d.}
7 Demetrius gains official Roman recognition as king of Syria, with the support of Ti.Gracchus.
~Polyb_31.33'1-4; { Walbank_p517.}
8 ROM Charops of Epirus appears before the senate, but fails to win their approval.
Polyb_32.6'1-6; { Walbank_p524.}
8a GRE Document: Syll_668, the decision in a dispute between Cytinium and Sparta, about voting in the Amphictyonic council.
8b << Document: Syll_660, a decree of Delphi in honour of two citharodes from Aegeira.
8c << Document: Syll_667, an Athenian decree in honour of an agonothete, with a list of victors in the Theseia games.
9 ?? Carneades is reprimanded for speaking too loudly in the gymnasium.
10 ?? Carneades becomes head of the Academy at Athens.
* Read Clement's account
Cic:Acad_1'46, 2'16, '98; ClemAl:Strom_1'14;(↓)  DiogLaert_4'60; { ~OCD_c.}
10a ++ Comments on the philosopher Zenon of Tarsus, and his pupils.
10b ?? Diogenes is persuaded by Zenon (? of Tarsus) to study philosophy.
11 ?? Antipater of Tarsus sails to Athens and joins the Stoic school there.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Mar_46'2, :Mor_469'D, :Fr_206; { Antipater succeeded Diogenes "the Babylonian" as head of the Stoic school in about 152 B.C.}
12 ARM ?? Artaxias conquers some of the surrounding nations to create a large independent kingdom in Armenia.
Strab_11'528;(14.5)  { Artaxias was still alive in 162 B.C. (Polyb_31.16'1).}
13 ASI ?? Document: Burstein_40,B  a decree of Miletus in honour of Eirenias.
13a EGY {6 Mesore -E = September} Document: AET_2.6.B, recording a dream in the Serapeum of Memphis.
14 PAL Jonathan becomes Jewish leader.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
1Macc_9'23-31; (?) Qumran_1QpHab'8,(2.5-6)  4Q448'B; Joseph:BJ_1'48, :AJ_13'1-6; [Euseb]:Chron_129; ChronPasc_441'A, 464'B, 509'B; !Hieron:Chron_1860; Sulpit_2'23; Syncell_346; { Green_711.}
15 AEG << Eumenes and Demetrius give gifts of grain to the Rhodians.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.31'1-3; Diod_31.36'1; { CAH_8'380-381.}
16 PAL The death of John the brother of Jonathan.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_9'32-42; Joseph:BJ_1'47, :AJ_13'7-11, '18-22.
17 ROM An embassy from Ariarathes of Cappadocia brings a crown as a symbol of his friendship.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.32'3, 32.1'1-4; Diod_31.28'1; { Walbank_p518.}
18 PAL >> A battle between Bacchides and Jonathan by the river Jordan.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_9'43-49; Joseph:AJ_13'12-17; { Before the death of Alcimus, which was early in 159 B.C.}
19 GRE Document: Austin_242B  (Syll_672), commemorating a gift from Attalus II to the city of Delphi; { perhaps a year later, in 159 B.C.}
20 ROM This year is a famous vintage for Italian wines.
21 ++ General comments on the strong and upright character of Paullus.
Plut:Tim_41'1, '8-10.
22 >> Death of L.Aemilius Paullus.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_18.35'6, ~31.22'1-11; Diod_31.25'1, 26'1-2; [Liv]:Per_46; ValMax_4.4'9; Plut:Aem_4'5, 39'2-5; DioCass_fr.67'1; [Vict]:VirIll_56'6; Suda_L'330; Zonar_9'24;(p353)  { OCD_p.}
23 >> The funeral of Paullus; composition and first performance of Terentius' "Adelphi".
* Read Plutarch's account
~Polyb_31.28'4-6; Diod_31.25'2, 27'6; ValMax_2.10'3; Plut:Aem_39'6-8; #Hyp:Ter_Hec, #Ad; { OCD_t.}
24 >> Scipio Aemilianus makes over his inheritance to his brother.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.28'1-3; Diod_31.27'5-6; Plut:Aem_39'10.
25 >> Terentius leaves for Greece.
26 ETR >> Cethegus drains the Pomptine marshes.

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