190 B.C. Olympiad 147.3

Consuls: L. Cornelius P.f. Scipio, C. Laelius C.f.
Athenian archon: Achaeus
Achaean General: (?) Archon

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1 ASI Antiochus prepares new forces on land and sea.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_37.8'1-5; +Appian:Syr_22.(↓↓) 
2 ?? Antiochus leaves Ephesus hastily, to avoid any impropriety with the priestess of Artemis.
3 ROM {11 July -R = 14 March} An eclipse of the sun during the Ludi Apollinares.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_37.4'1-5, 50'5.
3a GRE {22 Elaphebolion -G = March/April} Document: Syll_571, an Athenian decree in honour of Alexander of Thessaly.
4 MAC Acilius captures Lamia.
5 AEG Polyxenidas defeats the Rhodian fleet at Panormus by trickery.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_21.6'1-7'4; +Liv_37.8'6-11'15, 45.22'12-13; +Appian:Syr_23-25;(↓)  Polyaen_5.27'1.
6 GRE A truce is agreed between the Romans and the Aetolians.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_21.4'1-5'13; +Liv_37.6'1-7'7, 38.42'11; +Appian:Syr_23; +Zonar_9'20;(p315)  { CAH_8'285; Green_707.}
6b ?? Document: IG_9.1².748, a treaty of sympoliteia between two small cities in Locris.
7 MAC The Roman army advances to the Hellespont, with the active assistance of Philippus.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_37.7'7-16, 38.41'11-14, 39.28'8-9; Appian:Mac_9'5,(14)  11'8,(24)  :Syr_9,(↓↓)  11;(↓↓)  +Zonar_9'20;(p315)  { CAH_8'285.}
8 AEG L.Regillus takes over command of the Roman fleet, but makes little progress in his attacks on Antiochus.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_21.7'5-7; +Liv_37.12'1-17'10; +Appian:Syr_25; Suda_P'140.
9 Document: Syll_582 & 583, decrees of Delos in honour of Epicrates and Anaxibius of Rhodes.
9a ?? Document: THI_220, a decree of Delos in honour of Timon of Syracuse.
10 ASI Seleucus attacks Pergamon.
* Read Livy's account
Ennius:Ann_371; ~Polyb_21.3b'1-2, 8'1-3, 10'1-14, 20'9-10; +Liv_37.18'1-22'1; +Appian:Syr_26; ~Zonar_9'20;(p317)  { CAH_8'338; Green_420.}
11 SPA Paullus is defeated by the Lusitani at Lyco.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_37.46'7-8, 57'5; Plut:Aem_4'3; +Oros_4.20'23; { CAH_8'124; OCD_p.}
12 GRE << Acilius gives offerings and territory to the temple at Delphi.
Syll_607, 609, 610; Plut:Sull_12'9-11.
13 ++ Sp.Ligustinus serves under Acilius in Greece.
14 PER << Phriapitius becomes king of Parthia.
Just_41.5'8-9; { OCD_arsacids.}
15 LYC The Rhodians defeat a Syrian fleet led by Hannibal and Apollonius at Side.
* Read Livy's account
Nepos_23.8'4; +Liv_37.22'2-24'13, 45.22'10-13; +Appian:Syr_22;(↓)  Just_31.6'9, 7'3; [Vict]:VirIll_54'3; +Eutrop_4.4'1; +Oros_4.20'22; ~Zonar_9'20;(p315)  { CAH_8'285; OCD_h.}
16 PON Prusias refuses to enter an alliance with Antiochus.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_21.11'1-13; +Liv_37.25'1-14; +Appian:Syr_23; { CAH_8'286.}
17 CIS << Minucius Thermus maltreats his officers in Liguria.
Gell_10.3'17; { CAH_8'141.}
18 ROM Acilius celebrates a triumph over Antiochus and the Aetolians.
+Liv_37.46'1-6; { OCD_ac.}
19 AEG The Romans and Rhodians defeat the Syrian fleet under Polyxenidas at Myonnesus; before the battle Regillus vows to build a temple to the Lares.
* Read Livy's account
Ennius:Ann_372-376; ~Polyb_21.12'1, 13'1, 24'16; Cic:LegMan_55; +Liv_37.26'1-30'10, 40.52'4; Flor_1.24'12-13; Phlegon:Mir_3'9; +Appian:Syr_27; Macrob:Sat_1.10'10;L  { CAH_8'286; Green_420.}
20 THR Antiochus abandons Lysimacheia.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_29.5'1; +Liv_37.31'1-32'14; +Appian:Syr_28, 43;(↓)  ~Zonar_9'20.(p317) 
21 CIS The Romans send additional settlers to Cremona and Placentia.
+Liv_37.46'9-47'2; { CAH_8'114.}
22 ROM M.Fulvius ensures that Cn.Manlius is elected to be his colleague as consul, instead of M.Lepidus.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_37.47'3-8, 40.46'14.
22a EGY {Mesore -E = September} Document: AET_7.23, a lease of land at Philadelphia.
23 ASI The Roman army under L.Scipio crosses the Hellespont.
* Read Livy's account
Ennius:Ann_377; Diod_29.5'1; +Liv_37.33'1-7; ~Appian:Syr_29; Just_38.6'3; ~Zonar_9'20;(p315)  { CAH_8'286.}
24 The inhabitants of Heracleia Pontica send a delegation to P.Scipio.
25 ASI Document: BD_38 (Syll_618), a letter from the Scipio brothers to the town of Heracleia ad Latmum.
26 SYR {14 Dios -M = October} Document: RC_44 (OGIS_244), a letter of Antiochus concerning the appointment of a chief priest at Daphne.
27 ASI Antiochus sends Heracleides of Byzantium to negotiate with the Romans, but they reject his peace terms.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_21.13'1-15'13; Diod_29.7'1-8'2; +Liv_37.34'1-36'9; ValMax_2.10'2; Plut:Mor_196'E; ~Appian:Syr_29-30; DioCass_fr.62'2; Just_31.7'3-9; [Vict]:VirIll_54'3; ~Zonar_9'20;(p317)  { CAH_8'286; Green_241.}
28 ROM ++ The careful upbringing of Cato's baby son.
Plut:CatMai_20'4-5; { Cato Licinianus first served as a soldier in the army of Popillius, probably in 173 B.C (Cic:Off_1'36).}
29 {March -R = November} The new consuls enter office, and the province of Asia is allotted to Cn.Manlius.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_29.9'1; +Liv_37.48'1-51'7; Zonar_9'21.(p325) 
30 ASI The Roman army stops by the town of Ilium.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_37.37'1-5; Strab_13'594;(1.27)  Just_37.8'1-5; { OCD_i.}
31 {December/January} The Romans decisively defeat the army of Antiochus at Magnesia.
* Read Livy's account
Syll_606; Ennius:Ann_378-383; Daniel_11'18; +Liv_37.38'1-44'2, 38.48'7-8, 58'9-10; Frontin:Str_4.7'30; Plut:Mor_197'E; Flor_1.24'14-17; ~Appian:Syr_30-37; Just_31.8'5-7; [Vict]:VirIll_53'1; ~Eutrop_4.4'2; Malal_210; ~Zonar_9'20;(p319)  { CAH_8'286; OCD_scipio.}
32 EXT ?? The birth of Menander, the future Greek king of India, in a town called Kalasi.

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