204 B.C. Olympiad 144.1

Consuls: M. Cornelius M.f. Cethegus, P. Sempronius C.f. Tuditanus
Athenian archon: Diodotus
Achaean General: (?) Philopoemen (III)
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Heracleides of Salamis in Cyprus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM ?? M.Cato becomes a political ally of Fabius Maximus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:CatMai_3'4, :Mor_805'E-F.
2 Cato as quaestor is assigned to Scipio in Sicily.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Brut_60, :Sen_32; Nepos:Cat_1'3; Plin:HN_pref'30;L  Plut:CatMai_3'5; { OCD_c.}
3 {4 April -R} The image of the Magna Mater arrives at Rome; P.Scipio Nasica and Claudia are chosen to lead it into the city.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:HarResp_27, :Sen_45; Diod_34.33'1-3; CIL_add.8'Apr4; +Liv_29.13'1-14'14, 35.10'9, 36.36'3; #Ovid:Fast_4'291-347; ValMax_7.5'2, 8.15'3; Plin:HN_7'120; Silius_17'1-47; Suet:Tib_2'3; ~Appian:Hann_56; MinFel:Oct_7'3; DioCass_fr.57'61; Herodian_1.11'3-5; Arnob_2'73, 7'49; ChronPasc_433'B; Julian:Or_5.159'D-161'B; [Vict]:VirIll_46'1-3;L  AmmMarc_22.9'5; August:DeCiv_1'30, 2'5, 10'16;(↓↓)  { OCD_s; Green_704.}
4 Twelve Latin colonies are punished for failing to provide contingents during the last six years.
+Liv_29.15'1-16'3; { CAH_8'202.}
5 The senate debates the conduct of Scipio in Sicily, and the crimes of Pleminius at Locri.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_29.16'4-20'10; Plut:CatMai_3'5-6, 32'4; DioCass_fr.57'62; { CAH_8'73.}
6 SIC Roman commissioners, led by the praetor M.Pomponius, punish Pleminius, but approve of the preparations of Scipio's army.
* Read Livy's account
Ennius:Ann_441-447; Diod_27.4'6-8; +Liv_29.20'11-22'12, 31.12'2-3, 34.44'6, 38.52'7; ValMax_1.1'21, 1e'1; Plut:CatMai_3'7; Appian:Hann_55'
7 GRE ?? Document: THI_128, a donation of Ptolemy IV to Thespiae in Boeotia.
7a AEG ?? Document: IG_12.sup.122, a decree of Eresus in honour of a gymnasiarch.
8 EGY ?? Ptolemy dedicates a temple to Homer.
* Read Aelian's account
SelPap_3.105b; Aelian:VH_13'22.
9 ?? Ptolemy launches a huge warship, 280 cubits long, with 40 banks of oars.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plin:HN_7'208; Plut:Demetr_43'5.
10 ?? Ptolemy begins to build walls around Gortyn in Crete, but does not complete them.
11 ?? Arsinoē disapproves of a festival instituted by Ptolemy.
Athen_7.276'b-c<q" Eratosth:Fr_16>.
12 EGY ?? Document: OGIS_86, an inscription put up by elephant hunters, led by Alexander, Charimortus, and Apoasis.
12a ?? Document: OGIS_82, a dedication at Edfu by Lichas, an elephant hunter.
12b ?? Document: RC_30, part of a letter of Ptolemy concerning Soli in Cilicia.
12c ?? Document: CPI_18, the foundation plaque of a temple of Harpocrates at Alexandria.
12d ?? Document: CPI_23, the foundation plaque of a temple of Sarapis and Isis at Alexandria.
13 ?? Document: SelPap_2.208, a royal decree about the Dionysiac artists.
13a ?? Ptolemy IV constructs two enormous ships, one for the sea and one for the river Nile.
Athen_5.203'e-206'c<q" Callixein>.
14 ++ The indolent lifestyle of Ptolemy IV.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_14.11'1-12'6; Strab_17'796;(1.11)  Plut:Mor_56'E,(12)  60'A;(17)  Athen_6.246'C<q" PtolMeg>; Aelian:VH_14'31; Just_30.1'7-2'5; Porph:Fr_45.
15 << The death of Ptolemy IV Philopator.
* Read Justin's account
Polyb_15.20'1-2, 26'3, 34'5-6; Liv_32.33'4; Strab_17'795;(1.11)  ClemAl:Strom_1'21; Just_30.2'6; Trog:Prol_30; [Euseb]:Chron_127,(↓)  ~161,(↓)  169;(↓)  ChronPasc_433'C; +AstrCan_3; Malal_197; ExcBarb_35B; { CAH_8'251; OCD_p?205.}
16 NUM Hasdrubal persuades Syphax to repudiate his friendship with Scipio.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_27.5'1; +Liv_29.23'6-24'7; Frontin:Str_2.7'4; Silius_17'59-66, '76-84; Polyaen_8.16'7; +Zonar_9'12,(p237)  '13.(p255) 
17 SIC << Scipio draws up laws for Agrigentum.
18 AFR Scipio crosses from Lilybaeum to Africa, and lands at Pulchri Promunturium, north of Utica.
* Read Livy's account
Ennius:Fr_p394'1-4; +Liv_29.24'8-27'15; ValMax_3.7'1; Plin:HN_16'192;L  Frontin:Str_1.12'1; Silius_17'48-58; Flor_1.22'54-55; ~Appian:Pun_13; Oros_4.18'17; Malal_209; +Zonar_9'12;(p239)  { CAH_8'63; OCD_s.}
19 ITA Indecisive fighting in Bruttium between Hannibal and Sempronius.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_29.36'4-12; Appian:Hann_56, 57; DioCass_fr.57'70; +Oros_4.18'18; { CAH_8'56.}
19a SYR ?? Euphorion is appointed by Antiochus to be head of the public library in Syria, and after he dies is buried either in Apameia or in Antioch.
Suda_E'3801; { According to the Suda, Euphorion was born in about 275 B.C.}
19b GRE ?? Document: Syll_534, decrees of Delphi in honour of two Aetolians, Pantaleon and Aristarchus.
20 EGY The murder of Arsinoe, the widow of Ptolemy IV.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_15.25'2, '8-9, '12, 26a'1-2, 33'11; Just_30.1'7, 2'7; Suda_A'2230; { OCD_a=205; Hölbl_p134.}
20a Ptolemy V is proclaimed king.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_15.25'3-19; +Hieron:Chron_1814; { CAH_8'251; Hölbl_p134; Bennett.}
20b GRE Basileides succeeds Dionysius as head of the Epicurean school of philosophy.
21 PEL ?? The tyrannical behaviour of Nabis at Sparta.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_13.6'1-8'7; Diod_27.1'1-2; Liv_34.38'2, 39.37'2; Plut:Mor_240'B; Paus_4.29'10, 7.8'5, 9'2.
22 ?? An alleged plot by Philippus to murder Philopoemen.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Phil_12'1-2; Paus_8.50'4; Just_29.4'11; { According to Errington ("Philopoemen", p.70) this plot should be dated to around 205 B.C.}
23 GRE The revolutionary laws of Dorimachus and Scopas in Aetolia.
* Read Suda's account
~Polyb_13.1'2-2'5; Suda_S'653.
23a AEG << Document: THI_45, a decree of Cos concerning the preparation of ships for the defence of the island.
24 The outbreak of war between Crete and Rhodes, allegedly caused by Heracleides, an agent of Philippus.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_13.3'1-5'7; Diod_27.3'1, 28.1'1; Polyaen_5.17'2; { CAH_8'248; Green_306.}
25 ARA << Antiochus allows the Gerraeans to retain their liberty.
~Polyb_13.9'1-5; { Green_295.}
26 AFR Scipio moves a short distance inland, and is joined by Masinissa.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_29.28'1-29'5, 37.53'21; Lucan_4'658-660; ~Appian:Pun_14; Ampel_37'2; DioCass_fr.57'63-67; +Zonar_9'12;(p239)  { OCD_m.}
27 Hanno the son of Hamilcar is defeated and killed by Scipio near Salaeca.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_29.34'1-35'3, 30.28'11; ~Appian:Pun_15; DioCass_fr.57'68; Eutrop_3.20'2; Oros_4.18'17; +Zonar_9'12;(p243)  { CAH_8'63.}
28 Scipio besieges Utica.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_29.35'4-36'3; ~Appian:Pun_16; DioCass_fr.57'68-69; +Zonar_9'12;(p245)  { CAH_8'63; OCD_s.}
29 IT+ There is an exceptionally plentiful harvest in Italy.
29a EGY {20 Mesore - E = Sept.} Document: AET_7.17, a document from Pathyris dated to the first year of the rebel king Haronnophris.
30 ROM Cato returns from Africa to Rome, together with the poet Q.Ennius.
* Read St.Jerome's account
Nepos:Cat_1'4; [Vict]:VirIll_47'1;L  Hieron:Chron_1777; { ~OCD_e; Green_704.}
31 == Dissension between the censors C.Claudius Nero and M.Livius Salinator.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_29.37'1-17, 36.36'6, 39.3'5; +FastCap_p62; ValMax_2.9'6, 7.2'6; Juvenal_11'91-92; Suet:Tib_3'2; DioCass_fr.57'70-71; [Vict]:VirIll_50'3;L  { OCD_s.}
32 == The Lex Cincia prevents lawyers from receiving fees from clients.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DeOr_2'286, :Sen_10; Liv_34.4'9; Arnob_2'67; { OCD_lex.}
33 ?? The death of Q.Fabius Maximus, the son of Fabius Cunctator.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Tusc_3'70, :ND_3'80, :Sen_12, :Fam_4.6'1; Plut:Fab_1'5, 24'4; { Fabius died shortly before his father.}
34 ?? Poetry starts to be composed in Latin.
Gell_17.21'45<q" Licinus>; { Licinus simply dates this to the second Punic War.}
35 ?? The poet Livius Andronicus is granted his freedom by his master Livius Salinator.
!Hieron:Chron_1830; { Green_704.}

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