213 B.C. Olympiad 141.4

Consuls: Q. Fabius Q.f. Maximus, Ti. Sempronius Ti.f. Gracchus (II)
Athenian archon: Euphiletus
Achaean General: Aratus (XVII?)

previous year   |   next year

    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM The son of Q.Fabius is elected consul, despite the misgivings of his father.
* Read Livy's account
~Liv_24.43'5-8; ValMax_4.1'5.
2 {March -R} The consuls enter office, and the Roman forces are assigned to the various areas of warfare.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_24.43'9-44'8; Plut:Marc_30'9.
3 M.Atilius resigns as censor after the death of his colleague P.Furius.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_24.43'4; +FastCap_p60.
4 ITA The consul Fabius orders his father to dismount in his presence.
* Read Gellius' account
+Gell_2.2'13<q" Quadrigar>; +Liv_24.44'9-10; ValMax_2.2'4; Plut:Fab_24'1-2, :Mor_196'A.
5 IT+ The preparations of the Romans and the Carthaginians for the coming year.
5a ASI {Xandicus-Panemus -M = March-June} Document: SEG_39.1283-1285, letters of Antiochus and Laodice to the city of Sardis.
5b EGY {7 Pharmuthi -E = May} Document: OGIS_36, funerary urns from Alexandria.
5c GRE {3 Scirophorion - G = June/July} Document: Syll_540, an Athenian decree in honour of the superintendents of the mysteries.
6 SIC The Romans begin the siege of Syracuse by land and sea, but are forced back by war machines designed by Archimedes.
* Read Plutarch's account
Polyb_8.3'2-7'12; ~Liv_24.33'1-34'16, 26.30'5-6, 31.31'8; Quint_1.10'48; Silius_14'178-352; Plut:Marc_14'4-7, 14'11-17'4; Polyaen_8.11'1; Lucian:Hipp_2; Galen_1'657; [Vict]:VirIll_45'5;L  Suda_A'2797; ~Zonar_9'4;(p171)  { CAH_8'61; OCD_s; Jona Lendering quotes two more sources for this remarkable event: Anthemius of Tralles, On Miraculous Engines pp. 153 & 156; and Tzetzes, Chiliades 2.109.}
7 PAL ?? Joseph becomes the chief tax-collector for Judaea.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_12'156-186, '224; Hieron:Chron_1771; Syncell_325; { While Onias II was high priest, and at least 22 years before the accession of Seleucus IV.}
8 << Simon II becomes high priest of the Jews.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_12'224; ChronPasc_424'C, 429'C, 464'B, 509'A; ExcBarb_35B, 47A; Syncell_333; ChronSynt_95;(↓)  { According to Christian accounts, Onias II was high priest for 14 years and then Simon was high priest for 20 years (Syncellus) or 22 years (Chronicon Paschale).}
9 CYR << The birth of Carneades.
* Read Diogenes' account
DiogLaert_4'65<q" Apollod:Fr_51>; Cic:Acad_2'16; ValMax_8.7e'5; Plut:Mor_717'D;(Q8.1)  Lucian:Macr_20; ~Censor:DN_15'3; { OCD_c; Green_607.}
10 EGY << The floruit of Eratosthenes.
11 ITA The Romans capture Arpi.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_24.45'1-47'16, 25.7'6, 15'1; Frontin:Str_3.9'2; ~Appian:Hann_31; { CAH_8'53, '77.}
12 PEL Philippus ravages Messenia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_8.8'1-9, 12'1; { Shortly before the death of Aratus.}
13 NUM << Syphax enters into an alliance with the Romans, and Hasdrubal is recalled from Spain to oppose him.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_24.48'1-49'8, 25.32'1, 27.4'6; Silius_16'194-207; Appian:Hisp_15; { CAH_8'57, '62.}
14 SIC Marcellus surprises and defeats a Syracusan force near Acrillae.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_24.35'1-36'10, 26.31'3; Strab_8'387;(7.5)  Silius_14'353-579; Plut:Marc_18'2, 20'2; ~Zonar_9'4.(p173) 
15 ASI Achaeus is captured and put to death.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_8.15'1-21'11; Trog:Prol_30; Suda_B'480; { CAH_8'248; OCD_a.}
16 ROM The praetor M.Atilius takes steps to suppress superstitious rites in Rome.
+Liv_25.1'1-12<+v>; { CAH_8'427.}
17 PEL ++ General comments on the career and character of Aratus, who was successful in building up the Achaean League but failed as a general.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_4.8'1-12; Strab_8'382;(6.25)  Plut:Phil_8'1-6; Suda_A'3744.
18 The death of Aratus.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Polyb_8.12'2-8; Liv_32.21'23-24; Plut:Arat_52'1-54'4; Paus_2.9'4, 8.50'4; { OCD_a; Green_298.}
18a GRE << Document: Syll_546, a decision of Aetolian arbitrators concerning the territory of Melitaea in Thessaly.
19 SIC L.Pinarius, the commander of the Roman garrison at Henna, orders a massacre of the inhabitants of the town.
* Read Livy's account
CIL_1.608; +Liv_24.37'1-39'13; Frontin:Str_4.7'22; Plut:Marc_20'2; Polyaen_8.21'1.
20 ILL Philippus captures Lissus.
~Polyb_8.13'1-14'11; { CAH_8'98; Green_299.}
21 ROM C.Claudius Centho is appointed dictator to hold the consular elections.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_25.2'3-5; +FastCap_p60.
22 ITA >> Hannibal captures Tarentum, though the citadel is still held by a Roman garrison.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_8.24'4-34'13, 14.4'6-8; Cic:Sen_11; ~Liv_25.7'10-11'20, 15'7, 27.25'3-4; Strab_6'278;(3.1)  Frontin:Str_3.3'6; Silius_12'434-438, '451-452; Plut:Fab_20'1; ~Appian:Hann_32-34; { CAH_8'54; OCD_h.}
23 ROM ?? P.Cornelius Sulla is chosen to be Flamen Dialis.
Gell_1.12'16<q" Sulla>; { This P.Cornelius was praetor in 212 B.C..}

previous year   |   next year

How to use this site   |   Sources and abbreviations   |   Geographical labels
Symbols used to describe events   |   Symbols used to describe references

This page Andrew Smith, 2022
Attalus' home page   |   14.09.22   |   Any comments?