237 B.C. Olympiad 135.4

Consuls: L. Cornelius L.f. Lentulus Caudinus, Q. Fulvius M.f. Flaccus
Athenian archon: (?) Alcibiades
Achaean General: Aratus (V)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 AFR << Hamilcar and Hanno are reconciled, and defeat Mathus in a pitched battle.
~Polyb_1.87'7-10; { CAH_7.2'568.}
2 ++ General comments on the Mercenary War.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.65'3-8, 2.1'3; Gell_5.21'15<q" Cato:Orig_4'5>; Diod_25.2'1, 8'1; Appian:Hisp_4, :Pun_5'
3 << Utica surrenders to the Carthaginians: the end of the Mercenary War.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.88'1-7; Diod_25.5'3, ~6'1; Nepos_22.2'4-5; ~Liv_21.2'1; Zonar_8'17;(p17)  { CAH_7.2'568.}
4 EGY {Audnaeus -M = April} Document: BD_108, a royal decree in response to a petition of Zenon.
4a << Document: BD_124A, the will of Peisias.
4b GRE << The outbreak of war (the "Demetrian War") in Attica.
Syll_485.B'56-59; { When Lysias was Athenian archon.}
5 NUM Hamilcar campaigns against the Numidians.
* Read Appian's account
~Diod_25.8'1<v>, 26.23'1; ~Nepos_22.2'5; Frontin:Str_4.7'18; ~Appian:Hisp_4,(↓)  :Hann_2; { It is unclear whether all the sources refer to the same event.}
6 CIS Flaccus escapes after being surrounded by a band of Gauls.
* Read Zonaras' account
+Eutrop_3.2'1; +Zonar_8'18.(p21) 
7 AFR The Carthaginians appoint Hamilcar to be their general in Spain.
~Diod_25.8'1; { OCD_h.}
8 Hannibal the son of Hamilcar swears an oath of enmity to Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_3.11'5-7; Nepos_23.2'3-5; ~Liv_21.1'4, 35.19'3; ValMax_9.3e'3; Silius_1'70-139, 13'744-747; Flor_1.22'2; Appian:Hisp_9, :Hann_3; [Vict]:VirIll_42'1; Oros_4.14'3; { OCD_han.}
9 Hamilcar sails from Carthage to Spain.
* Read Nepos' account
~Polyb_2.1'5-7, 15.19'3; Diod_25.10'1; Nepos_22.3'1-4'2; ~Liv_21.2'1, 16'5, 30.35'10; Silius_1'140-141; ~Appian:Hisp_5, :Hann_2; Ampel_28'4; Just_44.5'4; ~Oros_4.19'4; Zonar_8'17;(p19)  { CAH_7.2'671; Green_699.}
10 ASI Attalus defeats the Galatians by the river Caicus.
* Read Polyaenus' account
OGIS_269, 276; Polyb_18.41'7; Liv_33.21'3, 38.16'4; Strab_13'624;(4.2)  Frontin:Str_1.11'15, 2.13'1; Paus_1.4'5-6, 8'1; Polyaen_4.20'1; { CAH_7.1'429; Errington_p124?238.}
10a EGY {7 Epeiph -E = August} The commencement of building of the temple of Horus at Edfu.
11 PHO ?? The city of Aradus makes an alliance with Seleucus, by the terms of which it is allowed to accept and protect fugitives.
Strab_16'754;(2.14)  { During the war between Seleucus and Antiochus Hierax.}
12 ROM >> Hieron of Syracuse visits Rome.
* Read Eutropius' account
Eutrop_3.1'2, +2'1.

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