241 B.C. Olympiad 134.4

Consuls: A. Manlius T.f. Torquatus Atticus (II), Q. Lutatius C.f. Cerco
Athenian archon: Lyceas
Achaean General: Aratus (III)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 PEL << Agis overthrows the Spartan ephorate.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Off_2'80; ~Plut:Agis_12'1-6; { CAH_7.1'253.}
2 << Cancellation of debts at Sparta.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Agis_13'1-5, :TGrac_44'1; { CAH_7.1'253.}
3 EGY Document: SelPap_2.413, a memorandum from Andronicus to the strategus Aphthonetus.
4 AFR Hanno sets sail with a Carthaginian fleet, carrying supplies to the army in Sicily.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.60'1-5; Diod_24.11'1; ~Oros_4.10'6; +Zonar_8'17.(p13) 
5 SIC {10 March -R} Lutatius destroys the Carthaginian fleet at the battle of Aegates Insulae.
* Read Polybius' account
CIL_add.4; +Polyb_1.60'6-61'8, 2.43'6; Diod_24.11'1-3; Liv_22.14'13, 23.13'4; [Liv]:Per_19; ValMax_2.8'2; Silius_1'621-623, 2'306-310, 6'684-688; Flor_1.18'33-37; [Vict]:VirIll_41'1; #Eutrop_2.27'1-3; ~Oros_4.10'6-8; +Zonar_8'17;(p13-5)  { CAH_7.2'565; OCD_l.}
6 SIC Carthage gives Hamilcar powers to negotiate peace with Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.62'1-3; Nepos_22.1'3; Appian:Sic_2;(↓↓)  +Zonar_8'17.(p15) 
7 ?? A sharp-sighted man called Strabo is able to see ships leaving Carthage from a view-point near Lilybaeum.
* Read Strabo's account
Cic:Acad_2'81; Strab_6'267;(2.1)  Plin:HN_7'85; Plut:Mor_1083'D; Aelian:VH_11'13.
8 ?? Marcellus saves the life of his brother Otacilius.
9 ?? Hamilcar uses a trick to stop his Gallic mercenaries deserting to the Romans.
10 ROM ?? The Romans reduce the weight of the bronze "as", because of financial difficulties caused by the war.
11 ?? Undated events from the First Punic War.
* Read Plutarch's account
Naev:Pun_28, 33-36, 39-40, 48-66; Plut:Mor_264'E-F.
12 ROM ?? The widow and sons of Regulus torture two Carthaginian prisoners, Bodostor and Hamilcar.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_24.12'1-3; Gell_7.4'4; Zonar_8'15.(p449) 
13 SIC ++ General remarks about the First Punic War, which lasted 23 years with huge losses on both sides.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.63'4-64'6, 72'1-3; Diod_23.15'4, '7; Liv_26.41'10, 28.12'5, 44'13; Appian:Sic_2'5;(3)  Gell_17.21'45; August:DeCiv_3'18, 5'22;(↓)  Oros_4.11'4.
14 Peace terms are agreed between Rome and Carthage: end of the First Punic War.
* Read Polybius' account
Naev:Pun_41-43; +Polyb_1.62'4-9, 3.21'2-5, 27'1-6, 29'2-10; Cato:Orig_4'9;L (84)  Diod_24.13'1, 14'1; Nepos_22.1'4-5; Liv_21.18'10, 19'2-4, 41'8-12, 30.44'1-2; [Liv]:Per_19; Silius_6'689-697; Appian:Sic_2'4-6;(3)  [Vict]:VirIll_41'2; +Eutrop_2.27'4-5; +Oros_4.11'1-4; +Zonar_8'17;(p15)  { CAH_7.2'565.}
15 SYR << Seleucus forms a pact with Antiochus Hierax to drive the Egyptians out of Syria.
~Just_27.2'6-8; { CAH_7.1'248; Errington_p122.}
15a GRE ?? Document: Syll_447, a decree of Delphi in honour of Amphiclus of Chios, an epic poet.
16 PEL Agis sets out to join Aratus at the Isthmus.
~Plut:Agis_13'5-14'5; { CAH_7.1'254.}
17 Aratus fails to prevent the Aetolians from crossing the Isthmus.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Agis_15'1-5, ~:Arat_31'1-2.
18 The Aetolians capture Pellene, but are expelled by Aratus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Polyb_4.8'4; ~Plut:Arat_31'3-32'6; Paus_2.7'4, 8'5, 7.7'3; Polyaen_8.59'1; { CAH_7.1'503; Errington_p94.}
19 SIC The Romans send ten commissioners, headed by the consul Q.Lutatius, to revise the peace terms.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.63'1-3, 3.21'2; Liv_21.18'10; Strab_6'273;(2.6)  +Zonar_8'17.(p17) 
20 ++ General remarks about the achievements of Hamilcar in Sicily.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.74'9, 3.9'6-7; Diod_26.24'1; Nepos_22.1'2; Appian:Hisp_4, :Hann_2'
21 Hamilcar resigns his command.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.66'1, 68'12; +Zonar_8'17;(p15)  { OCD_h.}
22 Gesco transports the Carthaginian mercenaries to Africa.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.66'2-5, 68'13.
23 ETR Falerii revolts from Rome, but is soon forced into submission.
* Read Zonaras' account
~Polyb_1.65'2; [Liv]:Per_20; ValMax_6.5'1; +Eutrop_2.28'1; Oros_4.11'10; +Zonar_8'18;(p19)  { CAH_7.2'431; OCD_f.}
24 EGY { ? 30 Payni -E = August} Document: Austin_313,B  a report of compulsory labour on canals and dykes.
25 ?? Document: BD_76 (PCairZen_59832), a petition from Zenon to Ptolemy III.
26 AFR The mercenaries demand arrears of pay from Hanno.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.66'6-67'12; Diod_25.6'1; Appian:Sic_2'7;(4)  { CAH_7.2'567.}
27 ROM {4 October -R} The triumph of Lutatius, for his naval victory over the Carthaginians.
* Read Fasti's account
#FastTr_p100; ValMax_2.8'2; ~Zonar_8'17.(p17) 
28 {6 October} The triumph of Q.Valerius Falto, propraetor, for his naval victory near Sicily.
29 SYR Peace between Ptolemy III and Seleucus II: the end of the Third Syrian War.
* Read Justin's account
~Just_27.2'9; ~Eutrop_3.1'1; { CAH_7.1'421; Errington_p122.}
30 ASI ?? Document: BD_29 (OGIS_229), a treaty between Smyrna and Magnesia. { Errington_p131.}
31 ?? Document: RC_22 (OGIS_227), a letter from Seleucus II to Miletus. { Errington_p133.}
32 GRE ?? Document: BD_28 (OGIS_228), a decree of Delphi in reply to a letter of Seleucus, which requested special privileges for Smyrna. { Errington_p132?242.}
33 PEL Leonidas is recalled to Sparta.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Agis_16'1-5; Paus_3.6'8.
34 Leonidas forces Cleombrotus, his replacement as king, to flee from Sparta.
35 ++ The character and achievements of Agis IV.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Agis_2'9-11, :TGrac_41'1-45'7, :Cleom_1'4.
36 Agis is seized by his opponents, and executed.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Off_2'80; ~Plut:Agis_18'4-21'5, :Cleom_1'1, 2'1, :Ages_40'5, :Mor_216'C-D; { CAH_7.1'503; OCD_a.}
37 AFR Gesco negotiates with the mercenaries at Tunis.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.67'13-69'3, 80'12.
38 ROM >> Two new tribes of citizens, called Velina and Quirina, are created.
~[Liv]:Per_19; { CAH_7.2'402; OCD_t.}
39 ETR >> The Romans found a colony at Spoletium.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_20; ~Vell_1.14'8; { CAH_7.2'431; OCD_s.}
40 ROM >> The river Tiber breaks its banks and causes flooding at Rome.
August:DeCiv_3'18;(↓)  +Oros_4.11'5-7.
41 >> A fire devastates part of Rome, including the temple of Vesta, but L.Metellus rescues the Palladium.
* Read St.Augustine's account
Cic:Scaur_48; ~[Liv]:Per_19; Ovid:Fast_6'437-454; ValMax_1.4'4; Seneca:Contr_4'2,L  7.2'7;L  Plin:HN_7'141; Juvenal_3'138-139; Plut:Mor_309'F-310'A; Ampel_20'11; Hieron:Chron_1775; August:DeCiv_3'18;(↓)  +Oros_4.11'8-9; { OCD_p..}

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