246 B.C. Olympiad 133.3

Consuls: M'. Otacilius C.f. Crassus (II), M. Fabius C.f. Licinus
Athenian archon: Philoneus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 CYR << Ecdemus and Demophanes expel Berenice and turn Cyrenaica into an independent federal state.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_10.22'3; Plut:Phil_1'4; { Hölbl_p46.}
2 AEG ?? The animals of Chios fall in love with Glauce the citharode.
* Read Aelian's account
Plin:HN_10'51;L  Plut:Mor_972'F; Aelian:NA_1'6, 5'29, 8'11<+v>, :VH_9'39; { Ael:NA.8.11<v> makes this Glauce a contemporary of Ptolemy II; she is also mentioned by Hedylus, a poet of the same period.}
3 GRE ++ General comments on the career of the tragedian Philiscus of Corcyra.
4 SYR ?? Ptolemy rewards the doctor Cleombrotus for saving the life of Antiochus.
Plin:HN_7'123, 29'5.L 
5 EGY ?? Document: BD_103, regulations concerning police and judicial procedures.
6 ?? Document: OGIS_53, a dedication to various gods at Coptus by the dioecetes Apollonius.
6a << Document: AET_9.1'I, a record of building work in the temples of Memphis.
7 ?? The philosopher Hegesias is silenced by Ptolemy, because his lectures are too morbid.
Cic:Tusc_1'83; ValMax_8.9e'3.
8 ?? Ptolemy ridicules the far-fetched grammatical explanations of Sosibius of Laconia.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_11.493'e-494'b; Suda_S'859.
11 ?? Ptolemy launches a ship with 30 banks of oars.
12 ?? An elephant falls in love with Menander, a soldier in Ptolemy's army.
13 ?? A dolphin forms a friendship with a boy from Alexandria.
14 ?? Ptolemy dedicates a temple to his concubine Belistiche.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_13.576'e-f<q" PtolEuerg_4>; Plut:Mor_753'E;(9)  ClemAl:Protr_4'42.(↓) 
15 ?? Ptolemy erects statues in honour of Cleino, his wine-pourer.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_10.425'e-f, 13.576'f.
16 ?? The architect Timochares begins construction of a temple of Arsinoe at Alexandria.
Plin:HN_34'148, 37'108.
17 ?? Ptolemy transports the obelisk of Necthebis down the Nile and erects it at Alexandria.
18 ?? Ptolemy erects many statues of Arsinoe, who is depicted holding a rhyton in her left hand.
18a ?? Document: AET_5.13, a statue of Arsinoe with a bilingual inscription.
19 LYC ?? Ptolemy rebuilds Patara in Lycia, and calls it Arsinoe.
20 PON ?? Ptolemy pays for a new temple of Heracles at Heracleia.
22 EXT ?? Hunters capture a giant snake in Ethiopia, and present it to Ptolemy.
Diod_3.36'3-37'8; Aelian:NA_16'39.
24 ?? Pythagoras, an officer of Ptolemy, extracts a huge piece of rock-crystal from an Arabian island.
Plin:HN_37'24; { Pythagoras is mentioned as a Ptolemaic commander later this year - see BD_27.}
25 ?? Ptolemy sends Dionysius as ambassador to the court of the king of India.
26 EGY << A crocodile predicts the death of Ptolemy.
27 ++ Ptolemy keeps a pet elephant.
Aelian:NA_9'58, 11'25.
28 ++ The prosperous reign of Ptolemy, who is a great patron of the arts.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_1.3'a-b, 12.536'e<q" Phylarch_40>; Plut:Mor_341'A; Ampel_35'3; Aelian:VH_4'15; Porph:Fr_42.
29 {January 29} The death of Ptolemy II, and accession of Ptolemy III.
+AstrCan_3; OGIS_54; Strab_17'795;(1.11)  Joseph:AJ_12'11; ClemAl:Strom_1'21;(↓↓)  ~[Euseb]:Chron_127,(↓)  161, 169;(↓)  ChronPasc_425'A, 429'A; +Hieron:Chron_1771; Malal_196; ExcBarb_35B; ChronSynt_91; { CAH_7.1'503; Bennett.}
29a MES {6 Nisan -B = 9 April} Seleucus, Antiochus and Apame, the children of Antiochus and Laodice, attend a ceremony in Babylon.
30 {June} A festival is held at an estate near Babylon, which had been given by Antiochus to his wife Laodice.
BabylChron_16'O2-13, MMA.86.11.299'3-16; AstrDiar_245A.obv'3-5.
30a AEG << Document: Syll_443, a decree of Chios in honour of the Aetolians.
30b THR ?? Document: Austin_171,B  a treaty between Lysimacheia and Antiochus. { The king was probably either Antiochus I or Antiochus II.}
30c GRE ?? Document: Syll_444.A & 445, decrees of Delphi and the Amphictyons in honour of Callicles of Athens.
31 ?? The philosopher Lycon rejects an invitation to visit Antiochus.
32 THR ?? Antiochus besieges Cypsela.
Polyaen_4.16'1; { Errington_p120?250.}
33 EXT ?? Antiochus encourages exploration of the Indian Ocean.
34 ASI ?? Antiochus grants rights of citizenship to the Greeks(?) in Ionia.
34b CYP ?? Antiochus removes the images of some gods from Cyprus, and places them in Antioch.
35 SYR ++ Antiochus maintains a herd of elephants.
Plin:HN_8'11, '12.
36 ++ Antiochus treats Herodotus, a reciter of mimes, and Archelaus, a dancer, with great honour.
37 ++ Antiochus is regularly drunk, and entrusts the government of his kingdom to his favourites, Aristus and Themison.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_7.289'f-290'a, 10.438'c-d<q" Phylarch_6>; Aelian:VH_2'41.
38 {month5 -B = August} The death of Antiochus II, and accession of Seleucus II.
* Read Appian's account
BabylChron_10'R5-6, #BM.35603'O11-15; AstrDiar_245A.rev'5-6; ValMax_9.14e'1; Plin:HN_7'53; Appian:Syr_65, 66; Polyaen_8.50'1; Trog:Prol_26; Porph:Fr_43; ![Euseb]:Chron_251, 263; +Hieron:Chron_1771; Sulpit_2'19; Malal_205; ExcBarb_46A; { CAH_7.1'420; Errington_p120.}
39 Berenice and her son are murdered at Antioch.
* Read Polyaenus' account
ValMax_9.10e'1; ~Appian:Syr_65; Polyaen_8.50'1; ~Just_27.1'1-5, '7; Porph:Fr_43; Suda_Ph'828; { ~CAH_7.1'420; OCD_b.}
39a Document: SEG_42.994, a letter from Tlepolemus to the inhabitants of Cildara, commending them for their support of Berenice and her son.
40 EGY Ptolemy leaves Egypt for Syria; his wife Berenice dedicates a lock of her hair for his safe return.
Callim:Fr_110'40-78; Catull_66'9-78; Hygin:Astr_2.24'1-3.
41 SYR Ptolemy invades Syria.
* Read Justin's account
~OGIS_54; FGrH_160<t= BD_27>; Daniel_11'7; Polyb_5.58'11; ~Appian:Syr_65; ~Just_27.1'6-10; Porph:Fr_43.
42 AEG Antigonus defeats the Egyptian fleet near Andros.
* Read Trogus' account
@  (?) PHaun_6'8-9; Plut:Pel_2'4-5; ~Trog:Prol_27; { CAH_7.1'248.}
43 ASI Laodice plots against Sophron, the governor of Ephesus, but he is protected by his lover Danae.
Athen_13.593'b-d<q" Phylarch_24>; { This probably happened at about the same time as Ptolemy gained possession of Ephesus, for which see Hölbl_p50.}
44 MES {Nov./Dec.} Ptolemy reaches Mesopotamia, and his army besieges the palace in Babylon.
* Read Appian's account
BabylChron_11; ~OGIS_54; THI_257; PHaun_6'14; ~Appian:Syr_65; Polyaen_8.50'1; Porph:Fr_43; { CAH_7.1'420; Green_697; the fighting in Babylon continued until at least February of the following year.}
45 ROM The census of Roman citizens is completed; a total of 241,212 citizens are counted.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_19; !Hieron:Chron_1773.
46 Ti.Coruncanius is appointed dictator, to hold the elections for new consuls.
47 >> Claudia is convicted of treason for remarks about her brother.
* Read Gellius' account
~[Liv]:Per_19; ValMax_8.1d'4; Suet:Tib_2'3; +Gell_10.6'1-4.

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