256 B.C. Olympiad 131.1

Consuls: L. Manlius A.f. Vulso Longus, Q. Caedicius Q.f.
Athenian archon: Antimachus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Ammonius of Alexandria

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {Apellaeus -M = January} Document: Austin_305,B  a record of the amounts of oil assigned to the retinue of Apollonius.
2 ROM {17 January -R} The triumph of A.Atilius, over Sicily and the Carthaginians.
* Read Fasti's account
#FastTr_p100; [Vict]:VirIll_39'4.
3 EGY {28 Choiach -E = February} Document: SelPap_1.89, a letter from Promethion to Zenon.
4 ROM {? February -R} The triumph of C.Atilius, for his naval victory over the Carthaginians.
* Read Fasti's account
#FastTr_p100; ValMax_4.4'5.
5 After the death of Q.Caedicius, M.Regulus is elected consul in his place.
6 The Romans decide to cross over to Africa, despite the opposition of Nautius.
* Read Dio's account
Flor_1.18'17; ~DioCass_fr.43'19-20.
7 The Romans vote to maintain the family of M.Regulus, while he commands the invasion of Africa.
* Read Dio's account
~DioCass_fr.43'20; [Vict]:VirIll_40'2; AmmMarc_14.6'11.
8 EGY ?? Sosibius wins the boys' race at the Ptolemaea.
@  Callim:Fr_384'39-41; { We do not know when Sosibius was born, but he died in 203/2 B.C.}
9 PEL Tlepolemus of Lycia wins the first one-horse race at the Olympic Games.
+Paus_5.8'11; +[Euseb]:Chron_207.
10 AEG << The floruit of Erasistratus of Iulis, a celebrated doctor.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_10'486;(5.6)  Plin:HN_14'73;L  DiogLaert_5'61, 7'186; +Hieron:Chron_1760; Suda_E'2896.
10a GRE ?? Document: Syll_481, decrees of Delphi in honour of foreign residents.
11 THR << The birth of Aristophanes of Byzantium.
Suda_A'3936; { OCD_a.}
11a ASI ?? Document: RC_15 (OGIS_223), a letter from Antiochus to the city of Erythrae. { This letter was probably written by Antiochus II, rather than his father Antiochus I.}
12 MOE ?? The Byzantines defeat the inhabitants of Callatis in a dispute about Tomis.
13 SIC The Romans defeat the Carthaginian fleet off Ecnomus.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.25'7-28'14; Diod_23.11'1; [Liv]:Per_17; [Vict]:VirIll_40'1; +Eutrop_2.21'1; !Hieron:Chron_1757; Oros_4.8'6; +Zonar_8'12;(p423)  { CAH_7.2'554-555; OCD_regulus.}
14 The Carthaginians send Hanno as envoy to the Roman commanders.
* Read Zonaras' account
ValMax_6.6'2; ~DioCass_fr.43'21; +Zonar_8'12.(p423) 
15 AFR The Romans land at Aspis.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.29'1-5; Diod_23.11'1; Liv_28.43'17, 29.28'5; Vell_2.38'2; Flor_1.18'18-19; Appian:Pun_3; +Eutrop_2.21'2; Oros_4.8'7; +Zonar_8'12;(p425)  { CAH_7.2'555.}
16 ROM {1 August -R} Dedication of the temple of Spes.
* Read Tacitus' account
#CIL_add.7'Aug1, 8'Aug1; Cic:Leg_2'28;L  ~Tac:Ann_2'49; { Vowed by A.Atilius.}
17 EGY {10 Epeiph -E = August} Document: SelPap_1.39, a lease of land at Philadelphia.
17a ?? Document: SelPap_1.182 (PCairZen_59092), a list of Zenon's clothes.
18 AFR The Romans devastate the African countryside.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.29'5-7; Diod_23.15'7; Liv_28.43'17; Flor_1.18'19; Appian:Pun_3; [Vict]:VirIll_40'2; !Hieron:Chron_1757; ~Oros_4.8'8; +Zonar_8'12.(p425) 
19 L.Manlius returns to Rome with most of the Roman fleet.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.29'8-10; Flor_1.18'21; Appian:Pun_3; +Eutrop_2.21'2; +Oros_4.8'9; +Zonar_8'13.(p425) 
20 The Carthaginians recall Hamilcar from Sicily to Africa.
~Polyb_1.30'1-3; { CAH_7.2'555.}
21 Regulus kills a giant serpent and sends its skin to Rome.
* Read Zonaras' account
ValMax_1.8e'19<q" Liv>; [Liv]:Per_18; Sen:Ep_82'24; Plin:HN_8'37; Silius_6'137-293, '677-679; Flor_1.18'20; Gell_7.3'1; Arnob_7'46; ~Oros_4.8'10-15; ~Zonar_8'13.(p425-7) 
22 The Romans defeat the Carthaginian army at Adys.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.30'4-14; Diod_23.11'1, 15'7; [Liv]:Per_18; ValMax_4.4'6; Sen:Ben_5.3'2; Silius_6'672-676; ~Eutrop_2.21'2-3; August:DeCiv_1'24; ~Oros_4.8'16; Zonar_8'13;(p427)  { CAH_7.2'555.}
23 The Romans capture Tunis.
~Polyb_1.30'15; { CAH_7.2'555; OCD_regulus.}
24 EGY == Document: BD_85A, a letter from quarry-workers to Cleon.
25 ROM >> The triumph of L.Manlius, for his naval victory over the Carthaginians.

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