263 B.C. Olympiad 129.2

Consuls: M'. Valerius M.f. Maximus, M'. Otacilius C.f. Crassus
Athenian archon: Antipater

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {Hathyr -E = January} Document: THI_256, a decree of the priests of Sais, mentioning a statue of Arsinoē.
1a {14 Xandicus -M = Mecheir -E = April} Document: BD_107, a contract for two men acting as sureties for Timocles.
2 {5 Daisius -M = June} Document: Austin_296,B  a decree ordering the registration of land to assess the quota due to the cult of Arsinoe.
3 PEL ?? Cleinias builds a gymnasium at Sicyon.
4 << Abantidas murders Cleinias and makes himself tyrant of Sicyon.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Arat_2'2-3'1; Paus_2.8'2; { CAH_7.1'243.}
5 CYR ?? Magas seizes Philemon but lets him go unharmed, after being attacked in one of his plays.
Plut:Mor_449'E-F, 458'A.
5a GRE ?? A remark of Philemon, after being acquitted in a court case.
6 ?? The death of the comic poet Philemon.
* Read Apuleius' account
~Diod_23.6'1; ValMax_9.12e'6; Plut:Mor_785'B; Lucian:Macr_25; Apul:Flor_16; Suda_Ph'328<q" Aelian:Fr_11>; { OCD_p.}
6a ?? Document: Syll_483 & 484, a decree of the Aetolians, forbidding the extradition from their cities of men convicted by the hieromnemones. { Scholten_p67.}
7 AEG << Document: MarmPar_, the "Marmor Parium", an inscription listing the dates of important events. { OCD_m; Green_695.}
8 SIC The new consuls arrive in Sicily: 67 cities revolt from the Carthaginians.
* Read Polybius' account
Naev:Pun_29-30; +Polyb_1.16'1-3; ~Diod_23.4'1; +Eutrop_2.19'1; +Zonar_8'9;(p401)  { CAH_7.2'546.}
9 Hieron of Syracuse changes sides and becomes an ally of the Romans.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.16'4-17'1; ~Diod_23.4'1; Liv_24.4'5, 25.31'4; [Liv]:Per_16; Paus_6.12'3; [Vict]:VirIll_37'5; Eutrop_2.19'2; +Hieron:Chron_1754; Oros_4.7'3; +Zonar_8'9;(p401)  { CAH_7.2'546; OCD_h.}
10 ROM Claudius celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Carthaginians.
Eutrop_2.18'2; { this is very dubious - it does not appear in the Fasti Triumphales.}
11 SIC The Romans fail to capture Macella and Hadranum.
12 Crassus punishes some troops who had been defeated by Hannibal.
13 The Carthaginians raise fresh forces, and concentrate them at Agrigentum.
14 ROM Valerius adopts the cognomen of Messalla, in recognition of the help he gave to the inhabitants of Messana.
* Read Fasti's account
+FastCap_p54; Sen:Dial_10.13'5; Macrob:Sat_1.6'26;L  { OCD_v.}
14a GRE Document: Syll_488, a decree of the Amphictyons in honour of Aristarchus of Camarina.
14b EGY << Document: AET_8.9, a report on migrants in the Faiyum district.
15 {2 Dius -M = Nov./Dec.} Document: Austin_296'37,B  a decree ordering payment of the quota due to the cult of Arsinoe.
16 ITA >> The Romans found a colony at Aesernia.
~[Liv]:Per_16; { CAH_7.2'381; OCD_a..}
17 ROM >> Cn.Fulvius Centumalus is appointed dictator, to perform the ceremony of "driving the nail".

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