OGIS: 119


Greek text:   IC_3.4.14 ,   DeThèbes_318
Date:    (A) c. 150 B.C.,   (B) c. 120 B.C.
Tags:     friends_of_kings ,   mercenaries+garrisons
Format:   see key to translations

The career of Philotas as an officer in the Ptolemaic army took him from Epidamnos on the east coast of the Adriatic to Itanos in Crete, and then to Philai in the far south of Egypt. For the dates of the inscriptions, see A. Chaniotis, "Army and Power in the Ancient World", p. 109 ( Google Books ).

The cult of Tyche Protogeneia Aienaos seems to have been introduced in Itanos by the Ptolemaic garrison. She was evidently the Greek version of the Roman goddess Fortuna Primigenia, and both of these goddesses were in turn identified with the Egyptian goddess Isis; see D. Miano, "Fortuna: Deity and Concept in Archaic and Republican Italy", pp.173-176 ( Google Books ).  

The text of B, which was not included in the original collection, has been heavily restored by using a similar, well-preserved dedication, made in 116 B.C. by Nestor of Phaselis, garrison commander of Syene, Elephantine and Philai ( Greek text: DeThèbes_320 ).

[A]   Philotas of Epidamnos, son of Genthios, one of the first friends and chiliarch and garrison commander, dedicated this to Zeus Soter and to Tyche Protogeneia Aienaos {"Fortune First-born Ever-flowing"}.

[B]   [ To king Ptolemaios . . . and Kleopatra ] the wife, [the gods Euergetai, and] to their [ children; and to Isis, Sarapis ], Horos, [ and all the gods in Abaton, ] and [ Philai, on behalf ] of Parthenios . . . [the kinsman and . . . strategos] of the (?) Thebaid, this was dedicated by Philotas] son of Genthios, . . . [one of the] first [friends and garrison commander].

inscription 120

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