This decree was proposed by Demades, who was very influential at Athens after the Macedonians imposed a new government in 322 B.C. Some possible motives for the decree are outlined by A.Bayliss, "After Demosthenes: The Politics of Early Hellenistic Athens", p.224 n.16 ( Google Books ).
Inscribed by Archedikos of Lamptrai, the son of Naukritos.
When Neaichmos was archon, in the second prytany of the Erechtheis tribe, with Theramenes of Kephisia as secretary; on the 11th day of Boëdromion, which was the 31st day of the prytany; Diodotos of Ikarion put it to the vote on behalf of the presidents; it was resolved by the people, as proposed by Demades of Paiania, the son of Demeas: in order that the agora at Peiraieus might be furnished and levelled in the most beautiful fashion, and that the office of the agoranomoi might be provided with everything that it needs, with good fortune it is resolved by the people that the agoranomoi at Peiraieus shall take care of these matters and that the cost of this should be expended of the money that the agoranomoi administer; and since the responsibilities of the city wardens have been assigned to the agoranomoi, the agoranomoi shall take care that the main streets, through which the processions of Zeus the Saviour and Dionysos pass, are levelled and furnished as finely as possible, and the costs of this should be expended from the money that the agoranomoi administer. They shall force those who throw heaps of rubbish on the streets to remove them, in whatever way they can. After the office of the agoranomoi has received what it needs, along with the agora and the streets through which the processions of Zeus the Saviour and Dionysos pass, then they shall deposit the rest of the money with the athlothetes, according to the law. And so that in future times the furnishings in the agora and the Peiraieus and the streets may remain as fine as possible, it is forbidden for anyone to deposit heaps of rubbish or anything else or dung [. . . anywhere] in the agora or the streets; if anyone is found guilty of doing this, if [he is a slave or a metic], he shall be beaten . . . but if he is a free citizen . . .
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