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Ancient Egyptian Texts:  7.10


A PROPERTY SETTLEMENT AT DEIR EL BALLAS


Text:   P. Hearst 6 & 7 
Date:   186 & 175 B.C.
Language:   Demotic
Translated by:   R.A. Parker
Format:   see key to translations

In document B a father gives all of his land to his eldest son, as promised in the marriage contract A. It is clear that he possessed no land outright, but had inherited or bought shares in various strips of land.   The translations are taken from R.A. Parker, "A Demotic Marriage Document From Deir el Ballas" and "A Demotic Property Settlement from Deir el Ballas" ( JARCE 1963 & 1964 ). The papyrus of B contains an abstract, as well as the main document, but the translation of the abstract is not shown here.


[A] 

MARRIAGE CONTRACT

Year 19, Choiak 30, of Pharaoh Ptolemy, son of Ptolemy and Arsinoe, the Father-loving gods, Aristonikos son of Aristonikos being priest of Alexander and the Brother-loving gods and the Beneficent gods and the Father-loving gods and the Manifest gods, Demetria daughter of Phileinos bearing the trophy of victory {athlophoros} before Berenike the Beneficent, Philinne daughter of Ptolemy bearing the golden basket {kanephoros} before Arsinoe, the Brother-loving, Eirene daughter of Ptolemy being priestess of Arsinoe the Father-loving, and the priest of Ptolemy Soter who is in Psoi in the nome of Thebes, and the title-lists which are established in Rakoti. The pastophoros of the House of Hathor, lady of inquiry, Hor son of Psemminis, his mother being Semminis, has said to the woman Ermous daughter of Psemminis, her mother being Gelhou:

5 I have made you wife. I have given to you silver money, 4 kite, equalling 2 staters, equalling silver money, 4 kite, again, as your bridal-gift. Your eldest son is my eldest son, the possessor of everything and all property which belongs to me and that which I shall acquire in field, temple, town. If I leave you as wife and prefer another woman as wife to you I will give you money, 5 deben, equalling 25 staters, equalling money 5 deben, again. Here is the list of your bridal-property which you have brought to my house with you:

Total value of your bridal-property which you have brought to my house with you, silver money, by measure, 1 deben, 4 kite, equalling 7 staters, equalling silver money, by measure, 1 deben, 4 kite, again. If you are within, they are within with you; if you are outside, they are outside with you. At whatever time you wish to choose to leave, I am to give to you the like of your bridal property which you have brought to my house with you, or their value in money again, I being their administrator. Written by Petearsemtheus son of Eshar.

[B] 

DATE

  Year 6, Mechir, of Pharaoh Ptolemy, son of Ptolemy and Kleopatra, the Manifest gods, and the priest of Alexander and the Brother-loving gods and the Beneficent gods and the Father-loving gods and the  Manifest gods and the Mother-loving god and the bearer of the trophy of victory {athlophoros} before Berenike the Beneficent and the bearer of the golden basket {kanephoros} before Arsinoe, the Brother-loving, and the priestess of Arsinoe the Father-loving, according to what is written in the title-lists which are established in Rakoti; Hippalos son of Sos being priest of Ptolemy Soter and Pharaoh Ptolemy, the Manifest god who has done good; Kineas son of Dositheos being priest of Pharaoh Ptolemy, the Manifest god , the Mother-loving and Kleopatra, the Manifest gods; and the bearer of the [golden] basket {kanephoros} before Arsinoe the Brother-loving. 

PARTIES AND CONVEYANCE

  The pastophoros of the House of Hathor lady of inquiry Hor son of Psemminis, his mother being Semminis, has said to Abaab son of Hor, his mother being Ermous, my {sic} eldest son:   You are my eldest son. I have given to you everything and all property of mine with that which I shall acquire, in field, temple, town. Their specification: house, grounds, island land, high land, endowment, cow, ass, head of cattle, garden, fruit, tree, date palm, household furniture, all property whose specification is written below. Their specification:

PARCEL 1

  One house in The-Great-Hand, south of Nenekhtpe . . ., outside the wall 5 of the temple. Another house which makes the eastern boundary for it. Two houses, built and roofed in one square of ground, with their dry grounds which pertain to them - among the houses in the occupation of the Prophet Petekhons, the Master of Summons, which belong to Paos son of Bous his mother being Tahen - their one-fourth share in the name of the share of the woman Tahen daughter of Psemminis, her mother being Semminis, my elder sister, to you belonging their three-fourths share in the name of my shares. Copy of the boundaries of the two houses and their dry grounds; the boundaries:   south, the house of Pamounis son of Harpesef which is in the occupation of his children; north, the house of Patera son of Per which is in the occupation of his children, with the house of Harmesen son of Pabous; east, the wall which surrounds the fields of Pamounis son of Aponekh and his brothers; west, the house of Harpekhopesh, son of Pamounis, the road being between them. Total.

PARCEL 2

  The share of which came to me of the two houses of Aponekh son of Harpesef, the father of Semminis, daughter of Aponekh, my mother, which are shared between me and Aponekh son of Panas and our brothers with my share of the dry grounds with them - whose name is The-Great-Hand - which make the southern boundary of the house of Pamounis son of Harpesef which is in the occupation of Aponekh and his brothers.

PARCEL 3

  The two-thirds share of a house in The-Great-Hand, south of Nenekhtpe . . . outside the wall of the temple on the road of the town, with the two-thirds share of its dry grounds around which is the wall, which were prepared for planting, and my two-thirds share of the dry date palm plot in the grounds which pertain to the cited house. The boundaries of the house with its dry grounds, with my date palms which are growing in its court:   south, the house of Pamounis son of Pesenpetuf and of Wazhor son of Pamounis, amounting to two persons on the south; north, the house of Paos son of Teos with its grounds which make its western boundary, which is in the occupation of his children; east, the houses of Peteminis son of Thotorches and his brothers ; west, the road of Pharaoh. Total.

PARCEL 4

  A piece of island land amounting to 22 arouras - that is 21 63/64, that is 22 arouras - or more, and their woodland on the island north of Nenekhtpe . . ., in the land endowment of Hathor lady of inquiry and in the island lands and high lands 10 which amount to 36 arouras, which I bought for money on the . . . of Pharaoh with Hor son of Kathutes, to him belonging their half and to me belonging their half. The boundaries of the island land which amounts to 22 arouras: south, the land of Petosiris son of Sera; north, the land of Pamounis son of Psenamounis; east, the land of Patous son of Hor son of Harpebechis with the lands of Patous son of Paos, the lesonis, amounting to two persons on the east; west, the horns of the gardens. Total.

PARCEL 5 

  Another piece of island land on the island His-Eye,  amounting to 17 arouras - that is 16 31/32 that is 17 arouras again - or more, and their woodland, which is in the lands of Pamounis son of Harpesef and which is shared between me and Aponekh, the elder, son of Panas and his brothers. The boundaries of the entire land whose one-sixth share belongs to me:   south, the land of Kales, his mother being Tathotes which is in the occupation of Aponekh son of Panas and his brothers; north, the land of Hatres son of Pedjewen which is in the occupation of Pamounis son of Aponekh ; east, the land of Psenoros son of Harpaesis which is in the occupation of his children ; west, the tips of the northern horns. Total.

PARCEL 6  

  Another piece of island land on the island The-Prophet-of-Tefnut in the land endowment of Hathor lady of inquiry which had been registered to Pharaoh, 3¼ arouras whose half belongs to Paos in the names of . . . and Semminis, his mother and my younger sister. I have given to you its half. Its boundaries:   south, the land of Penera son of Pamounis; north, the land of Hatres son of Pamounis; east, the Nile; west, the mountain. Total.  

PARCEL 7

  Another two holdings of land of the highland south of Nenekhtpe . . . in the land endowment of Hathor lady of inquiry, amounting to 14 arouras, which are in the 36 arouras which I bought for money on the . . . of Pharaoh with Hor son of Kathutes, to him belonging their half and to me belonging their half. One of them, amounting to 7½ arouras. The boundaries :   south, north, the lands of Pakhois son of Pamounis which are in the occupation of Hor son of Kathutes;  east, the island of Anoup-of-the-Stone whose boundaries are registered to the highland Ken ; west, the great road of the mountain. Total. 

Another, amounting to 6½ arouras. Its boundaries :   south, the lands which had been registered to Panas son of Pamounis son of Harpesef, which are now shared between me and Aponekh son of Panas with his brothers, whose one-sixth share belongs to me; north, the land of Kerhena son of Paos; east, the Nile; west, the mountain. Total.

PARCEL 8

  My one-sixth share of one piece of high land amounting to 30 arouras 15 in the highland His-Eye, the lands of Pamounis son of Harpesef which had been registered to Panas son of Pamounis son of Harpesef, which are now shared between me and Aponekh, the elder, son of Panas and his brothers. The boundaries of the entire land - I have given to you my one-sixth share which came to me of it - :   south, the land of Pamounis son of Bal son of Aponekh which is in the occupation of Aponekh, the younger, son of Panas with Petemonthes son of Paleh ; north, your land aforesaid which is shared between you and Hor son of Kathutes; east, the Nile; west, the mountain. Total.  

PARCEL 9

  My one-third share of high land which amounts to two holdings of land which are in the highland of the island Noufiou in the land endowment of Isis which amounts to 41½ arouras which I bought for money on the . . . of Pharaoh, shared between me and Aponekh, the elder, son of Panas and Aponekh, the younger, son of Panas, his brother, in the order of one one-third share to one of us, or 13 7/8 arouras to one of us.   One of them amounting to 28½ arouras or more and their woodland in the southern highland of the island Noufiou in the land endowment of Isis. Its boundaries: south, the land of Pean son of Aponekh with Pamounis son of Pashay, amounting to two persons on the south; north, the land of Pamounis son of Kales son of Paame with Stotoetis son of Psena-mounis, amounting to two persons on the north; east, the land of Pamounis son of Bal son of Paau; west, the land of Semminis daughter of . . . Total.

Another in the northern highland of His-Eye, amounting to 13 arouras. Its boundaries: south, the land of Thotortais son of Pekhois; north, the land of Palehou son of Palehou; east, the land of Patera son of Paos; west, the stone of Pharaoh.  

SUMMATION

  Total of the boundaries of the houses, the grounds, the island lands, the high lands whose boundary specification is written above. I have given to you everything and all property of mine whose specification is written above with what shall be added to them from today on. I have no legal right nor judgment nor anything in the world against you in their name from today on. No man on earth, nor I nor my family, shall be able to exercise authority over them except you from today on.

  Yours are every document and every grp which have been made [for me] concerning them with every document, every necropolis title and every tnn which have been made for me concerning them in every place in which they are. They are yours with their legal right. Yours is everything to which I am entitled in their name from today on forever.

Written by Pinehas [son] of Pesherikhy, the scribe who writes in Nenekhtpe . . .  


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