161 B.C. Olympiad 154.4

Consuls: M. Valerius M.f. Messalla, C. Fannius C.f. Strabo
Athenian archon: Aristolas

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1 ROM The senate confirms its support for Ptolemy VIII.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.20'1-6; Diod_31.23'1; Zonar_9'25;(p361)  { Green_443.}
2 ROM {4 April -R} Document: Ter:Eun_, "Eunuchus" by Terentius.
* Read Suetonius' account
[Suet]:Ter_2; #Hyp:Ter_Eun; { OCD_t.}
3 MES << Antiochus restores the town of Charax.
3a << Document: BabylChron_15, recording the theft of some gold from a temple.
4 SYR << Demetrius captures and kills Antiochus V and Lysias.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
Eupolem_4; ~1Macc_7'2-4; 2Macc_14'2; Joseph:AJ_12'390; Appian:Syr_47; Just_34.3'9; +[Euseb]:Chron_253-255;(↓)  +Hieron:Chron_1855; Sulpit_2'23; Malal_207; ExcBarb_46A; Zonar_9'25;(p363)  { CAH_8'356; OCD_a.}
5 Commagene becomes independent, under the leadership of Ptolemaeus.
Diod_31.19a'1; { OCD_c.}
6 ROM {13 Sept. -R} Document: Ter:Phorm_, "Phormio" by Terentius.
#Hyp:Ter_Phorm; { OCD_t.}
7 PAL Bacchides installs Alcimus as high priest by force.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_7'5-25; +2Macc_14'3-10; Joseph:AJ_12'391-397; August:DeCiv_18'45.(↓) 
8 Nicanor enters Judaea with a large Syrian force and is defeated by Judas in a minor engagement near Capharsalama.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_7'26-32; 2Macc_14'11-19; Joseph:AJ_12'398-405; { Nicanor probably stayed in Judaea for several months before he was killed early in 160 B.C.}
9 Nicanor agrees peace terms with Judas, but makes threats against the temple at Jerusalem.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_7'33-38; 2Macc_14'20-36; Joseph:AJ_12'406-407.
10 EGY {8 Phaophi -E = November} Document: BD_115, a petition to the strategus Dionysius from Ptolemaeus son of Glaucias.
11 ROM >> Cato criticizes Roman extravagance.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_31.25'5, '5a; Diod_31.24'1, 37.3'6; { This may have been part of a speech supporting the Lex Fannia; see Walbank_p501.}
12 >> The Lex Fannia, a law to curb private expenditure, is passed.
* Read Gellius' account
Lucil_1241; +Plin:HN_10'139;L  +Gell_2.24'2-6, 20.1'23; Athen_6.274'c; Macrob:Sat_3.13'13,L  ~17'3-6,L  '8;L  { CAH_8'184; OCD_lex.}
13 >> The senate instructs the praetor M.Pomponius to expel philosophers and rhetoricians from Rome.
* Read Athenaeus' account
+Gell_15.11'1; Athen_13.610'f; { CAH_8'461; OCD_rhet.}

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