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211 B.C. Olympiad 142.2


Consuls: P. Sulpicius Ser.f. Galba Maximus, Cn. Fulvius Cn.f. Centumalus Maximus
Athenian archon: Archelaus
Achaean General: Euryleon

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {March -R} The senate debates the conduct of the war, and makes the capture of Capua its main objective for the coming year.
+Liv_26.1'1-2'6.
2 Cn.Fulvius goes into exile after being accused by the tribune Sempronius Blaesus of negligence in the previous year.
+Liv_26.2'7-3'12.
3 SIC << The Carthaginian admiral Bomilcar declines battle against the Roman fleet off Sicily.
~Liv_25.27'1-3; { CAH_8'65.}
4 SPA ?? The Scipio brothers establish a Roman colony at Tarraco.
Plin:HN_3'21;L  { ~OCD_t.}
5 The defeat and death of P.Scipio.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_9.22'3; ~Liv_25.32'1-34'14, 27.44'6, 28.43'10; ValMax_3.7'1;L  (?) Frontin:Str_1.5'12; Silius_13'654-657,L  '669-686;L  Flor_1.33'6; Appian:Hisp_16; +Eutrop_3.14'2; ~Oros_4.17'12;L  ~Zonar_9'5;(p175)  { CAH_8'59; OCD_s.}
6 ROM ?? The daughter of Cn.Scipio receives a dowry at public expense.
* Read Zonaras' account
ValMax_4.4'10;L  Sen:Dial_12.12'6; Frontin:Str_4.3'4; AmmMarc_14.6'11; Zonar_9'3.(p167) 
7 SPA The defeat and death of Cn.Scipio.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_8.38'1, 9.22'3; ~Liv_25.35'1-36'16, 27.44'6, 28.43'10; ValMax_3.7'1;L  Silius_13'687-695;L  Flor_1.33'6; Appian:Hisp_16; +Eutrop_3.14'2; AmmMarc_31.13'7; ~Oros_4.17'12;L  ~Zonar_9'5;(p175)  { CAH_8'59; OCD_s.}
8 ITA Hannibal attacks the Roman army at Capua, but fails to dislodge it.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_9.3'1-5'6; +Liv_26.4'1-6'17; Frontin:Str_4.7'29; Silius_12'479-506;L  Appian:Hann_38'
9 SIC << The Roman sympathiser Nicias escapes from his enemies at Enguion.
~Plut:Marc_20'1-11.
10 GRE << The Aetolians enter into an alliance with the Romans, along with Attalus of Pergamum.
* Read Livy's account
BD_32; Polyb_21.20'3, 22.8'10; ~Liv_26.24'1-16, 37.53'7-8; Silius_15'286-290;L  Just_29.4'5; Trog:Prol_29; Julian:Caes_324'B; ~Eutrop_3.14'4; !Hieron:Chron_1808; ~Zonar_9'6;(p187)  { CAH_8'99-100; OCD_philip.}
11 EGY ?? Archimedes visits Egypt and invents "Archimedes' Screw".
Diod_1.34'2, 5.37'3-4.
12 SIC ?? Archimedes constructs a globe which represents the movements of the heavenly bodies.
Cic:Rep_1'21-22,L  '28,L  :Tusc_1'63;L  Ovid:Fast_6'277-280.
13 ?? Archimedes requests that his tombstone shows his discovery of the ratio of the volumes of a cylinder circumscribing a sphere.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Tusc_5'64,L  '66;L  Plut:Marc_17'12.
14 ++ General remarks on the character and achievements of Archimedes.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Acad_2'116;L  Plut:Marc_17'5-11, :Mor_786'C, 1093'E, 1094'B.
15 Marcellus captures Syracuse; the death of Archimedes.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_9.10'1-13; Cic:Verr_2.2'4, '50, 4'115-116, '120-123, '130-131, '151, :Rep_1'21,L  :Fin_5'50; Diod_26.20'1-2; ~Liv_25.28'1-31'15, 26.30'6-10, 31'4, 31.31'8; ValMax_5.1'4,L  8.7e'7;L  Plin:HN_7'125;L  Silius_14'627-683;L  Plut:Marc_19'7-12, 21'1-7; Flor_1.22'33-34; Julian:Or_1.29'C; +Eutrop_3.14'3; !Hieron:Chron_1804; August:DeCiv_1'6, 3'14;(↓)  +Oros_4.17'1;L  +Zonar_9'5;(p177)  { CAH_8'61; OCD_m=212.}
16 SPA The Roman survivors in Spain, led by L.Marcius, defeat Hasdrubal son of Gisgo.
* Read Livy's account
~Liv_25.37'1-39'18, 26.37'8, 28.28'13; ValMax_1.6'2,L  2.7'15,L  8.15'11;L  Plin:HN_2'241,L  35'14;L  Frontin:Str_2.6'2, 10'2; Silius_13'697-702;L  { CAH_8'59.}
17 GRE An abortive attack by the Aetolians on Acarnania.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_9.40'4-6; ~Liv_26.25'1-17; ~Zonar_9'6;(p187)  { CAH_8'102; Green_703.}
18 ROM The senate instructs the consuls to proceed with the siege of Capua, but to send troops for the protection of Rome.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_9.9'6-8; +Liv_26.7'1-8'11, 28.41'13; Frontin:Str_3.13'2, 18'3; ~Zonar_9'6.(p179) 
19 ITA Hannibal marches on Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_9.5'7-6'9, 15.7'3; Nepos_23.5'1; +Liv_26.9'1-10'10, 41'12, 30.30'17; ValMax_3.7'10;L  Silius_12'507-573,L  17'497-499;L  Flor_1.22'42-44; Appian:Hann_38-39; [Vict]:VirIll_42'6;L  +Eutrop_3.14'1; +Oros_4.17'2-3;L  ~Zonar_9'6;(p179)  { CAH_8'54; OCD_h.}
20 ROM A storm ends a battle between Hannibal and the Romans near Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_9.7'1-10; +Liv_26.11'1-13; Frontin:Str_3.18'1-2; Silius_1'134-137,L  12'574-13'93,L  17'324-327;L  Juvenal_7'163-164;L  Flor_1.22'44-48; Appian:Hann_40-43; [Vict]:VirIll_42'6;L  +Eutrop_3.14'1; +Oros_4.17'4-11;L  ~Zonar_9'6.(p181) 
21 SIC ++ General remarks on Marcellus' successful campaign in Sicily.
* Read Livy's account
Liv_27.8'15, 29.1'12-13, 31.31'9; Silius_15'356-358.L 
22 Marcellus defeats the Carthaginians by the river Himera; the completion of the Roman reconquest of Sicily.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_9.22'4; ~Liv_25.40'1-41'7, 26.41'15; Appian:Sic_5;(7)  ~Zonar_9'6;(p179)  { CAH_8'61; OCD_m.}
23 ITA The Romans capture Capua, and punish their opponents in the city.
* Read Livy's account
Ennius:Ann_289-290; Vell_1.7'4<q" Cato:Orig_3'1>; Cic:LegAgr_1'20, 2'88, '90; +Liv_26.12'1-16'13, 33'4-13, 31.31'14, 39.37'10-12; ValMax_2.3'3,L  3.2e'1,L  8'1,L  5.2'1;L  Silius_13'94-381,L  '450-465;L  Flor_1.22'41-42; Appian:Hann_43; +Hieron:Chron_1805; ~Oros_4.17'12;L  ~Zonar_9'6;(p181-3)  { CAH_8'54; OCD_c.}
24 A Carthaginian fleet joins in the blockade of the Roman garrison at Tarentum.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_9.9'11; +Liv_26.20'7-11; { CAH_8'54.}
25 ROM Marcellus celebrates an ovation for his victories in Sicily.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_26.21'1-17; ValMax_2.8'5;L  Plut:Marc_22'1-6, 33'6; [Vict]:VirIll_45'6;L  AmmMarc_28.4'23; { OCD_m.}
26 Q.Fulvius is denied a triumph over the Capuans, because he had suppressed a rebellion without gaining any new territory.
ValMax_2.8'4.L 
27 T.Manlius Torquatus, although enjoying great popular support, stands down from the consular elections because of his failing eyesight.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_26.22'1-23'2, 27.34'10; ValMax_6.4'1;L  ~Zonar_9'5.(p179) 
28 ROM ?? Sp.Carvilius, a freedman, opens the first grammar school at Rome.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Mor_277'D, 278'E; { He was the freedman of Sp.Carvilius, who divorced his wife in 231 B.C.}
29 ITA >> The young P.Scipio visits the Sibyl at Cumae.
~Silius_13'382-895.L 
30 PEL ?? P.Valerius takes hostages from Epidaurus.
Frontin:Str_2.11'1; { "P.Valerius" is possibly an error for M.Valerius Laevinus, who was consul in 210 B.C.}
31 ROM >> C.Claudius, a priest of Jupiter, is forced to resign after setting out a victim's entrails incorrectly.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_26.23'4-8; ValMax_1.1'4;L  Plut:Marc_5'5.
32 >> The praetor C.Calpurnius Piso refuses to allow a son of Terentius to disinherit his father.
ValMax_7.7'5;L  { For Piso as urban praetor, see eg. Liv.25.41'12-13.}

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