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85 B.C. Olympiad 173.4


Consuls: L. Cornelius L.f. Cinna (III), Cn. Papirius Cn.f. Carbo
Athenian archon: Pythocritus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 AS1 << Fimbria murders Flaccus and takes over command of his army.
* Read Dio's account
~[Liv]:Per_82; Strab_13'594;(1.27)  Vell_2.23'2, 24'1; Memn_24'3, 28'2; Plut:Luc_7'2, 34'3, :Sull_23'11; ~Appian:Mith_52; DioCass_fr.104'1-5; [Vict]:VirIll_70'1;L  Oros_6.2'9;L  { CAH_9'788; OCD_f.}
2 AEG << Lucullus assembles a naval force with the help of Rhodes and other states.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Luc_3'2-4; ~Appian:Mith_55; { CAH_9'147, '160.}
2a ?? Document: CIL_1.714, an inscription in honour of L.Lucullus at Delos.
3 AS1 Fimbria defeats Mithridates' son and forces Mithridates out of Pergamum.
* Read Memnon's account
~[Liv]:Per_83; FGrH_252'A3; Vell_2.24'1; Frontin:Str_3.17'5; Memn_24'4-5; Plut:Sert_23'6; ~Appian:Mith_52; [Vict]:VirIll_70'2;L  Oros_6.2'10.L 
4 Mithridates escapes by sea from Pitane, after Lucullus refuses to cooperate with Fimbria in capturing him.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_83; ~Plut:Luc_3'4-8; ~Appian:Mith_52;(↓)  { OCD_f.}
5 THR Mithridates' garrison abandons Abdera.
GranLic_26.
6 MAC Sulla treats Archelaus with honour, and gives him a large estate in Euboea.
~Plut:Sull_23'1-5; { CAH_9'32.}
7 THR Sulla leads a punitive expedition against the Dardani and other Thracian tribes.
* Read Granius' account
~[Liv]:Per_83; ~Appian:Mith_55;(↓)  GranLic_27-28; [Vict]:VirIll_75'7.L 
8 AS1 Fimbria captures and sacks Ilium.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_83; FGrH_252'A3; Strab_13'594;(1.27)  ~Appian:Mith_53; DioCass_fr.104'7; ~Obseq_56b; [Vict]:VirIll_70'3;L  August:DeCiv_3'7; Oros_6.2'11.L 
9 Fimbria's cruel treatment of Nicomedeia, Cyzicus, and other cities in Asia.
Diod_38.8'2-4; DioCass_fr.104'6; { CAH_9'788.}
9a << Document: AGL_90,B  emergency measures at Ephesus for the defence of the city against Mithridates.
10 AEG Lucullus defeats Neoptolemus, the admiral of Mithridates.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Luc_3'8-10; ~Appian:Mith_55'
11 AS1 ?? The sons of Cratippus rule as tyrants at Tralles.
Strab_14'649.(1.42) 
12 ?? Mithridates takes away Mithridates of Pergamum as his companion.
* Read Caesar's account
[Caes]:BAlex_78'2; Strab_13'625.(4.3) 
13 PON << Dorylaus the son of Philetaerus is convicted of attempting to start a revolt in Pontus.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_10'478,(4.10)  12'557;(3.33)  { This must have been during Mithridates' first war against Rome; Strabo says it was long before Lucullus invaded Pontus.}
14 SYR ?? An earthquake at Apameia in Phrygia.
Athen_8.332'f-333'a<q" NicDam_74>.
15 AS1 ++ General remarks on the first war against Mithridates.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegAgr_2'83; Plut:Luc_7'4; Appian:BCiv_1'76.
16 Sulla and Mithridates agree peace terms at Dardanus.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_1'27;L  ~[Liv]:Per_83; FGrH_252'A3; Strab_13'594,(1.27)  '595;(1.28)  Vell_2.23'6; Memn_25'2; ~Plut:Luc_4'1, ~:Sull_23'6-24'7, 43'3-4; Flor_1.40'11-12; ~Appian:Mith_56-58; GranLic_27; { CAH_9'161; OCD_s.}
17 Opponents of Cinna sail from Italy to join Sulla.
* Read Plutarch's account
Vell_2.23'3, 24'2; ~Plut:Sull_22'1-3; ~Appian:BCiv_1'77; Oros_5.20'1.L 
18 Lucullus and L.Murena seize Mithridates' fleet.
[Vict]:VirIll_74'2.L 
19 MOE L.Scipio attacks and destroys the Scordisci.
Appian:Ill_5; { MRR_2'41.}
20 SYR << Milesius, the governor of Damascus, repels an attack by Philippus.
~Joseph:AJ_13'387-389.
21 AS1 ++ The determined character and unsophisticated oratory of C.Fimbria.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.5'181, :Brut_233, :Off_3'77.
22 Fimbria commits suicide.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_38.8'4; ~[Liv]:Per_83; FGrH_252'A3; Vell_2.24'1; ~Plut:Sull_25'1-3; ~Appian:Mith_59-60; [Vict]:VirIll_70'4;L  Oros_6.2'11;L  { CAH_9'161-162.}
23 Fannius and Magius escape from Fimbria's army, and join Mithridates.
Sall:Hist_2'90;L  Oros_6.2'12.L 
24 ROM Sulla writes a letter to the senate, threatening revenge against his opponents.
~Appian:BCiv_1'77; { CAH_9'183.}
25 ROM {5 Oct. -R} Document: CIL_1.892, a tessera of Cocero.
26 ASI Sulla imposes a tribute on the cities of Asia.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Flac_32, :QFr_1.1'33; GranLic_28.
27 ROM Cinna and Carbo appoint themselves consuls for the following year, without a proper election.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_83; ~Appian:BCiv_1'77;(↓)  [Vict]:VirIll_69'3;L  { CAH_9'184.}
28 LUS Crassus hides in a cave in Spain, near the estate of Vibius Paciacus.
~Plut:Crass_4'1-6'1; { Crassus hid in the cave for eight months.}
29 CIL << The inhabitants of Asia and the Aegean suffer from increasing attacks by pirates, during and after the war against Mithridates.
* Read Florus' account
Plut:Pomp_24'1; Flor_1.41'1-3; ~Appian:Mith_63, 92-93; { Mithridates started encouraging pirate attacks while Sulla was still in Greece.}
30 ROM == Marius Gratidianus as praetor prematurely publishes details of a decision about the currency.
Cic:Leg_3'36,L  :Off_3'80-81; Plin:HN_33'132,L  34'27;L  { CAH_9'180; OCD_m.}
31 == The census is completed at Rome, counting a total of 463,000 citizens.
+Hieron:Chron_1932; { CAH_9'180.}
32 == The birth of M.Brutus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_324; [Liv]:Per_124; Plut:Brut_24'5; Appian:BCiv_2'112, 4'134; { OCD_b.}
33 == The death of C.Julius Caesar, the father of the dictator.
* Read Suetonius' account
Plin:HN_7'181;L  ~Suet:Caes_1'1; { In Caesar's sixteenth year.}
34 GRE == T.Pomponius Atticus moves to Athens.
Nepos:Att_2'2-3; { OCD_atticus.}
35 NAR == C.Quinctius, the father of P.Quinctius, dies while in Gaul with his associate Sex.Naevius.
Cic:Quinct_11-15, 38; { Naevius laid claim to Quinctius' property in 83 BC., a year or so later.}
36 ROM ++ The dissolute youth of C.Verres.
Cic:Verr_2.1'32-33.
37 ++ P.Antistius is the leading orator at Rome, during the absence of Sulla in the East.
Cic:Brut_227.
38 ++ M.Cicero completes his education with the Stoic philosopher Diodotus.
Cic:Brut_308-310.
39 ?? The adultery of Melinus and Sassia, the mother of Cluentius.
Cic:Clu_11-13.

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